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This airticle is aboot the kintra. For the geografical region, see Sudan (region).

Sudan (pronounced /suːˈdæn/ (deprecatit template)), offeecially the Republic o the Sudan,[8] is a kintra in northeastren Africae an the third lairgest kintra in Africae an the Arab warld. It is bordered bi Egyp to the north, the Red Sea tae the northeast, Eritrea an Ethiopie tae the east, the Sooth Sudan tae the sooth, Chad tae the wast an Libie tae the northwast. The warld's langest river, the Nile, divides the kintra atween east an wast sides.[9]

Republic o the Sudan
جمهورية السودان (Arabic)
Jumhūriyyat al-Sūdān
Motto: النصر لنا (Arabic)
"An-Naṣr lanā"
"Veectory is oprs"
Sudan in daurk green, disputit regions in licht green.
Sudan in daurk green, disputit regions in licht green.
Location o Sudan
and largest city
15°38′N 032°32′E / 15.633°N 32.533°E / 15.633; 32.533
Offeecial leids
Releegion Islam
Demonym Sudanese
Govrenment Dominant-pairty federal semi-presidential republic
• Preses
Ahmed Awad Ibn Auf
Legislatur Naitional Legislatur
Cooncil o States
Naitional Assembly
3500 BC
• Unthirldom (frae the Unitit Kinrick an Egyp)
1 Januar 1956
9 Januar 2005
• Secession o Sooth Sudan
9 Julie 2011
• Total
1,886,068 km2 (728,215 sq mi) (15th)
• 2015 estimate
40,235,000[3] (35t)
• 2008 census
30,894,000 (disputit) [4]
• Density
21.3/km2 (55.2/sq mi)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$186.715 billion[5]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Tot
$115.874 billion[5]
• Per capita
Gini (2009) 35.3[6]
HDI (2015) Increase 0.490[7]
law · 165th
Currency Sudanese poond (SDG)
Time zone UTC+3 (EAT)
Date format dd/mm/yyyy
Drivin side right
Cawin code +249
ISO 3166 code SD
Internet TLD .sd, سودان.


  1. "2005 constitution in English" (PDF). Archived frae the oreeginal (PDF) on 21 June 2009. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  2. Rayah, Mubarak B. (1978). Sudan civilization. Democratic Republic of the Sudan, Ministry of Culture and Information. p. 64. 
  3. "United Nations world population prospects"(PDF) 2015 revision
  4. "Discontent over Sudan census". News24. Cape Town. Agence France-Presse. 21 May 2009. Retrieved 8 July 2011. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 "Sudan". International Monetary Fund. 
  6. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 2 March 2011. 
  7. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 21 March 2017. 
  8. "Online Etymology Dictionary". Retrieved 2010-06-26. 
  9. Collins, Robert O. A History of Modern Sudan Abid Mohieldin Cambridge University Press, 2008. 3.

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