Tel Aviv-Yafo (Ebreu: תֵּל־אָבִיב-יָפוֹ, lit. "Spring Moond"-Jaffa; Arabic: تل أبيب‎, Tall ʼAbīb),[3] uisually referred tae as Tel Aviv, is the seicont maist populous ceety in Israel, wi a population o 410,000.[2] The ceety is situated on the Israeli Mediterranean coastline, on a land aurie o 51.4 square kilometres (19.8 sq mi). It is the lairgest an maist populous ceety in the metropolitan aurie o Gush Dan. Residents o Tel Aviv are cawed Tel Avivians.[4]

Tel Aviv

Frae upper left: Skyline o Rothschild boulevard, Azrieli Sarona Touer, Jaffa Clock Touer, Rabin Squerr, Tel Aviv Promenade, panorama o the ceety frae the Yitzhak Rabin Centre
Banner o Tel Aviv
Coat of airms o Tel Aviv
Coat airms
The White Ceety,
The Ceety That Niver Sleeps, The Big Orange[1]
Tel Aviv is located in Israel
Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
Location in Israel
Coordinates: 32°4′N 34°47′E / 32.067°N 34.783°E / 32.067; 34.783Coordinates: 32°4′N 34°47′E / 32.067°N 34.783°E / 32.067; 34.783
Kintra Israel
DestrictTel Aviv
Metropolitan AurieGush Dan
Foondit11 Aprile 1909
 • TeepMayor-cooncil
 • BodiTel Aviv municipality
 • MayorRon Huldai (Labor)
 • Ceety52 km2 (20 sq mi)
 • Urban
176 km2 (68 sq mi)
 • Metro
1516 km2 (585 sq mi)
5 m (16 ft)
 • Ceety410,000
 • Rank2nt in Israel
 • Density7955.5/km2 (20,605/sq mi)
 • Density rank12t in Israel
 • Urban
 • Urban density7297.7/km2 (18,901/sq mi)
 • Metro
 • Metro density2193.7/km2 (5,682/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Tel Avivi
 • Jews91%
 • Muslims3%
 • Christians1%
 • Unclassifee'd5%
Time zoneUTC+2 (IST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (IDT)
Aurie code+972 (Israel) 3 (Ceety)
ISO 3166 codeIL-TA
Location o Tel Aviv in the Tel Aviv Destrict

Tel Aviv wis foondit in 1909 on the ootskirts o the ancient port ceety o Jaffa (Hebrew: יָפוֹ‬, Yafo; Arabic: يافا‎, Yaffa). The growth o Tel Aviv suin ootpaced Jaffa, which wis lairgely Arab at the time. Tel Aviv an Jaffa wur merged intae a single municipality in 1950, twa years efter the establishment o the State o Israel. Tel Aviv's White Ceety, designatit a UNESCO Warld Heritage Steid in 2003, comprises the warld's lairgest concentration o Bauhaus biggins.[5][6][7]

Tel Aviv is classified as a beta+ warld ceety.[8] It is a major economic hub, hame tae the Tel Aviv Stock Exchynge an mony corporate offices an research an development centers.[9] Its beaches, parks, bars, cafés, restaurants, shoppin, cosmopolitan lifestyle an 24-hour cultur hae made it a popular tourist destination for domestic an owerseas tourists alike, contributin tae its reputation as "the ceety that niver sleeps.[10][11][12] Tel Aviv is the kintra's financial caipital a a major performing airts an business centre.[13] The economy o Tel Aviv wis ranked seicont in the Middle East,[14] an 50t globally bi Foreign Policy's 2010 Global Ceeties Index.[15] It is the maist expensive ceety in the region, an the 17t maist expensive ceety in the warld.[16] New York Ceety-based writer an editor David Kaufman named it the "Mediterranean's New Caipital o Cool".[17] In 2010, Tel Aviv haes been named the third-best ceety in the warld bi Lonely Planet, third-best in the Middle East & Africae bi Travel + Leisure magazine, an ane o the best beach ceeties in the warld bi National Geographic.[18][19][20]



The name Tel Aviv (literally "Spring Moond") wis chosen in 1910 amang mony suggestions, includin "Herzliya". Tel Aviv is the Ebreu title o Theodor Herzl's beuk Altneuland ("Auld New Land"), translatit frae German bi Nahum Sokolow. Sokolow teuk the name frae Ezekiel 3:15: "Then A came tae them o the captivity at Tel Aviv, that lived bi the river Chebar, an tae where they lived; an A sat there owerwhelmed amang them seiven days."[21] This name wis foond fittin as it embraced the idea o the renaissance o the auncient Jewish hameland. Aviv is Ebreu for "spring", seembolizin renewal, an tel is an airchaeological site that reveals layers o ceevilization built ane ower the ither.[22] Theories vary aboot the etymology o Jaffa or Yafo in Ebreu. Some believe that the name derives frae yafah or yofi, Ebreu for "bonnie" or "beauty". Anither tradition is that Japheth, son o Noah, foondit the ceety and that it wis named for him. The name is an aa transliteratit as Tel-Abib in the Keeng James Bible.

Twin touns — Sister ceeties


Tel Aviv haes a pairtnership wi   Los Angeles, Californie, USA an is twinned wi:



  1. NYT Travel – Introduction to Tel Aviv
  2. a b "לוח 3.- אוכלוסייה( 1), ביישובים שמנו מעל 2,000 תושבים( 2) ושאר אוכלוסייה כפרית Population (1) of localities numbering above 2,000 Residents (2) and other rural population" (PDF). Retrieved 25 Januar 2010. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  3. Tel Aviv is also commonly written in Hebrew without the hyphen (תל אביב).
  4. "Tel Aviv Municipality". Tel Aviv-Yafo Municipality. Archived frae the original on 22 Apryle 2007. Retrieved 2 Februar 2008.
  5. "The White City of Tel Aviv" (PDF). UNESCO. Retrieved 29 Mairch 2008.
  6. Strimpel, Zoe (16 Februar 2008). "Hip and happening in Tel Aviv". The Times. London. Retrieved 16 Februar 2008.
  7. "Economist City Guide-Tel Aviv". The Economist. Retrieved 21 Januar 2008.
  8. "GaWC - The World According to GaWC 2008". Globalization and World Cities Research Network. Retrieved 1 Mairch 2009.
  9. "New Economy: Silicon Wadi". Wired. 16 Apryle 1998. Archived frae the original on 29 Juin 2012. Retrieved 2 Februar 2008.
  10. "The world's top 10 party towns". Sydney Morning Herald. 19 November 2009. Retrieved 19 November 2009.
  11. "An ugly scrap at Heathrow for the 'best-looking kid on the block'". London: Independent on Sunday. 30 Mairch 2008. Archived frae the original on 25 September 2015. Retrieved 30 Mairch 2008.
  12. Burchill, Julie (3 Apryle 2010). "Tel Aviv, Eilat and beautiful Jerusalem". London: The Times. Retrieved 3 Apryle 2010.
  13. Kipnis, B.A. (8 October 2001). "Tel Aviv, Israel – A World City in Evolution: Urban Development at a Deadend of the Global Economy". Globalization and World Cities Study Group and Network at Loughborough University. Retrieved 17 Julie 2007. Cities in Transition. Ljubljana: Department of Geography, University of Ljubljana, pp. 183–194.
  14. "The 150 Richest Cities in the World by GDP in 2005". Retrieved 13 Januar 2009.
  15. "The 2010 Global Cities Index". Archived frae the original on 2 Februar 2012. Retrieved 9 December 2010.
  16. "Cost of living — The world's most expensive cities". City Mayors.
  17. Instant weekend ... Tel Aviv, By David Kaufman, The Guardian, Published November 4, 2007.
  18. "Tel Aviv ranked world's 3rd hottest city for 2011". Retrieved 1 November 2010.
  19. "World's Best Awards 2010 - Africa and the Middle East". Retrieved 11 Julie 2010.
  20. "Top 10 Beach Cities". Archived frae the original on 12 Julie 2010. Retrieved 30 Julie 2010.
  21. Beuk o Ezekiel 3:15
  22. "Tel Aviv". Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved 18 Julie 2007.
  23. "Frankfurt -Partner Cities". © 2008 Stadt Frankfurt am Main. Archived frae the original on 7 November 2007. Retrieved 5 December 2008. freemit airtin in |publisher= (help)
  24. "Sister cities of Budapest" (in Hungarian). Official Website of Budapest. Archived frae the original on 9 Mairch 2005. Retrieved 1 Julie 2009.
  25. Archived 2009-02-14 at the Wayback Machine
  26. "Miasta partnerskie Warszawy". Biuro Promocji Miasta. 4 Mey 2005. Archived frae the original on 11 October 2007. Retrieved 29 August 2008.
  27. "List of Twin Towns in the Ruhr Destrict" (PDF). © 2009 Archived frae the original (PDF) on 28 November 2009. Retrieved 28 October 2009. freemit airtin in |publisher= (help)
  28. "Milano - Città Gemellate". © 2008 Municipality of Milan (Comune di Milano). Archived frae the original on 10 Apryle 2014. Retrieved 5 December 2008.
  29. "Twinning Cities". City of Thessaloniki. Archived frae the original on 31 Mairch 2009. Retrieved 7 Julie 2009.
  30. "Barcelona internacional - Ciutats agermanades" (in Spanish). © 2006-2009 Ajuntament de Barcelona. Archived frae the original on 27 November 2012. Retrieved 13 Julie 2009. freemit airtin in |publisher= (help)CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  31. "São Paulo - Sister Cities Program". © 2005-2008 Fiscolegis - Todos os direitos reservados Editora de publicações periodicas - LTDA / © 2008 City of São Paulo. Archived frae the original on 17 Mey 2012. Retrieved 9 December 2008.
  32. Prefeitura.Sp - Descentralized Cooperation Archived 2008-12-24 at the Wayback Machine
  33. International Relations - São Paulo City Hall - Official Sister Cities