Essen (German pronunciation: [ˈɛsən]) is a ceety in the central pairt o the Ruhr aurie in North Rhine-Westphalie, Germany. Locatit on the River Ruhr, its population o approximately 579,000 (as o Juin 30, 2008) makes it the 9t-lairgest ceety in Germany. For the year 2010, Essen wis the European Caipital o Cultur on behauf o the whole Ruhr aurie.

Essen
Essen skyline
Essen skyline
Banner o Essen
Banner
Coat o airms o Essen
Coat o airms
Essen is locatit in Germany
Essen
Essen
Location o Essen athin North Rhine-Westphalie
North rhine w E.svg
Coordinates: 51°27′3″N 7°0′47″E / 51.45083°N 7.01306°E / 51.45083; 7.01306Coordinates: 51°27′3″N 7°0′47″E / 51.45083°N 7.01306°E / 51.45083; 7.01306
KintraGermany
StateNorth Rhine-Westphalie
Admin. regionDüsseldorf
DestrictUrban destrict
Subdivisions9 destricts, 50 burghs
Govrenment
 • Laird MayorReinhard Paß (SPD)
 • Governing partiesSPD / CDU
Area
 • City210.32 km2 (81.21 sq mi)
Elevation
116 m (381 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Ceety583,109
 • Density2,800/km2 (7,200/sq mi)
 • Urban
5.302.179
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
45001–45359
Diallin codes0201, 02054 (Kettwig)
Vehicle registrationE
Wabsteidwww.essen.de

Umwhile ane o Germany's maist important coal an steel centres an historically linked tae the centuries-auld Krupp family iron works, the ceety haes developed a strang tertiary sector o industry an (sometimes thegither wi nearbi Düsseldorf) claims tae be the "desk o the Ruhr aurie".[3] It is hame tae 13 o the 100 lairgest German corporations an seat tae several o the region's authorities.

In 1958, the ceety wis chosen tae serve as the seat tae a Roman Catholic diocese (aften referred tae as Ruhrbistum or diocese o the Ruhr). In early 2003, the universities o Essen an the nearbi ceety o Duisburg (baith established in 1972) wur merged intae the University o Duisburg-Essen wi campuses in baith ceeties an a university hospital in Essen.

Internaitional relationsEedit

Twin touns – sister ceetiesEedit

Essen is twinned wi:[4]

The Ceety o Monessen, PA, situatit alang the Monongahela River, wis named efter the river an Essen.[6]

ReferencesEedit

  1. "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2018" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 10 July 2019.
  2. Population in the Regierungsbezirk Düsseldorf
  3. http://www.essen.de/Dokumente/Download%20Bau-%20und%20Immobilienwirtschaft%20deutsch_2006.pdf ("Schreibtisch des Ruhrgebiets")[deid airtin]
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 "List of Twin Towns in the Ruhr District" (PDF). Twins2010.com. Retrieved 28 October 2009. External link in |publisher= (help)
  5. Jérôme Steffenino, Marguerite Masson. "Ville de Grenoble – Coopérations et villes jumelles". Grenoble.fr. Archived frae the oreeginal on October 14, 2007. Retrieved 29 October 2009.
  6. http://www.pittsburghlive.com/x/pittsburghtrib/s_497856.html