Essen (German pronunciation: [ˈɛsən]) is a ceety in the central pairt o the Ruhr aurie in North Rhine-Westphalie, Germany. Locatit on the River Ruhr, its population o approximately 579,000 (as o Juin 30, 2008) makes it the 9t-lairgest ceety in Germany. For the year 2010, Essen wis the European Caipital o Cultur on behauf o the whole Ruhr aurie.

Essen skyline
Essen skyline
Banner o Essen
Coat of airms o Essen
Coat airms
Essen is located in Germany
Location o Essen athin North Rhine-Westphalie
North rhine w E.svg
Coordinates: 51°27′3″N 7°0′47″E / 51.45083°N 7.01306°E / 51.45083; 7.01306Coordinates: 51°27′3″N 7°0′47″E / 51.45083°N 7.01306°E / 51.45083; 7.01306
StateNorth Rhine-Westphalie
Admin. regionDüsseldorf
DestrictUrban destrict
Subdivisions9 destricts, 50 burghs
 • Laird MayorReinhard Paß (SPD)
 • Governing partiesSPD / CDU
 • City210.32 km2 (81.21 sq mi)
116 m (381 ft)
 • City583,109
 • Density2,800/km2 (7,200/sq mi)
 • Urban
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
Diallin codes0201, 02054 (Kettwig)
Vehicle registrationE

Umwhile ane o Germany's maist important coal an steel centres an historically linked tae the centuries-auld Krupp family iron works, the ceety haes developed a strang tertiary sector o industry an (sometimes thegither wi nearbi Düsseldorf) claims tae be the "desk o the Ruhr aurie".[3] It is hame tae 13 o the 100 lairgest German corporations an seat tae several o the region's authorities.

In 1958, the ceety wis chosen tae serve as the seat tae a Roman Catholic diocese (aften referred tae as Ruhrbistum or diocese o the Ruhr). In early 2003, the universities o Essen an the nearbi ceety o Duisburg (baith established in 1972) wur merged intae the University o Duisburg-Essen wi campuses in baith ceeties an a university hospital in Essen.

Internaitional relationsEedit

Twin touns – sister ceetiesEedit

Essen is twinned wi:[4]

The Ceety o Monessen, PA, situatit alang the Monongahela River, wis named efter the river an Essen.[6]


  1. "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2018" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 10 Julie 2019.
  2. Population Archived 2010-01-21 at the Wayback Machine in the Regierungsbezirk Düsseldorf
  3."Schreibtisch des Ruhrgebiets") Archived 2007-12-03 at the Wayback Machine
  4. a b c d e f "List of Twin Towns in the Ruhr District" (PDF). Archived frae the original (PDF) on 28 November 2009. Retrieved 28 October 2009. freemit airtin in |publisher= (help)
  5. Jérôme Steffenino, Marguerite Masson. "Ville de Grenoble – Coopérations et villes jumelles". Archived frae the original on 14 October 2007. Retrieved 29 October 2009.
  6. "Archived copy". Archived frae the original on 2 Februar 2010. Retrieved 25 Februar 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)