Semitic leid
(Reguidit frae Ebreu leid)

Hebrew, Ebrew or Ebreu (עִבְרִית‎, Ivrit), is a Semitic leid o the Afro-Asiatic leid faimlie. Modren Hebrew is spoken bi mair nor 7 million fowk in Israel an Classical Hebrew uised for prayer in Jewish commontis aroond the warld. It is the offeecial leid o Israel. Hebrew wis extinct as a spoken leid in the 2t century,[7] but survived as a liturgical leid, an wis cowered in the 1880s. Som leids integrate Hebrew wirds, as Yiddish an Spainish assimilatit-Jews leids.

עברית, Ivrit
Portion o the Temple Scrowe, ane o the langest o the Deid Sea Scrowes discovered at Qumran
Pronunciation[(ʔ)ivˈʁit] - [(ʔ)ivˈɾit][note 1]
Native taeIsrael
RegionLaund o Israel
EthnicityIsraelites; Jews & Samaritans
ExtinctAuncient Hebrew extinct bi 586 CE, survivin as a leeturgical leid for Judaism[1][2][3]
Revival9.0 million speakers o Modren Hebrew o which 5 million in Israel. (2016)[4]
Early forms
Staundart forms
Hebrew alphabet
Paleo-Hebrew alphabet (Archaic Biblical Hebrew)
Imperial Aramaic script (Late Biblical Hebrew)
Signed Hebrew (oral Hebrew accompanied bi sign)[5]
Offeecial status
Offeecial leid in
 Israel (as Modren Hebrew)
Regulatit biAcademy o the Hebrew Leid
האקדמיה ללשון העברית (HaAkademia LaLashon HaʿIvrit)
Leid codes
ISO 639-1he
ISO 639-2heb
ISO 639-3Variously:
heb – Modren Hebrew
hbo – Clessical Hebrew (leeturgical)
smp – Samaritan Hebrew (leeturgical)
obm – Moabite (extinct)
xdm – Edomite (extinct)
The Hebrew-speakin warld:
  regions whaur Hebrew is the leid o the majority (Israel)
  regions whaur Hebrew is the leid o a signeeficant minority (Wast Bank an Golan Hichts)
This article contains IPA phonetic seembols. Withoot proper renderin support, ye mey see quaisten merks, boxes, or ither seembols insteid o Unicode chairacters. For an introductory guide on IPA seembols, see Help:IPA.
Hebrew alphabet


  1. Sephardi [ʕivˈɾit]; Iraqi [ʕibˈriːθ]; Yemenite [ʕivˈriːθ]; Ashkenazi realisation [iv'ʀis] or [iv'ris] strict pronunciation [ʔiv'ris] or [ʔiv'ʀis]


  1. "A History of the Hebrew Language". google.co.uk.
  2. H. S. Nyberg 1952. Hebreisk Grammatik. s. 2. Reprinted in Sweden by Universitetstryckeriet, Uppsala 2006.
  3. Modren Hebrew at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Clessical Hebrew (leeturgical) at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Samaritan Hebrew (leeturgical) at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Moabite (extinct) at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Edomite (extinct) at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  4. Thompson, Irene (15 Juin 2016). "Hebrew". About World Languages.
  5. Meir, Irit; Sandler, Wendy (2013). A Language in Space: The Story of Israeli Sign Language.
  6. Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Hebrewic". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.
  7. Zuckermann, Ghil'ad (2003), Language Contact and Lexical Enrichment in Israeli Hebrew, Palgrave Macmillan (ISBN 978-1-4039-1723-2 / ISBN 978140338695)