(Reguidit frae Ebreu leid)

Ebreu (עִבְרִית) is a Semitic leid o the Afro-Asiatic leid faimlie. Modren Ebreu is spoken bi mair nor 7 million fowk in Israel an Classical Ebreu uised for prayer in Jewish commontis aroond the warld. It is the offeecial leids o Israel. Ebreu wis extinct as a spoken leid in the 2t century,[7] but survived as a liturgical leid, an wis cowered in the 1880s. Som leids integrate Ebeu wirds, as Yiddish an Spaingie assimilatit-Jews leids.

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עברית, Ivrit
Temple Scroll.png
Portion o the Temple Scrowe, ane o the langest o the Deid Sea Scrowes discovered at Qumran
Pronunciation[(ʔ)ivˈʁit] - [(ʔ)ivˈɾit][note 1]
Native taeIsrael
RegionLaund o Israel
EthnicityIsraelites; Jews & Samaritans
ExtinctAuncient Ebreu extinct bi 586 CE, survivin as a leeturgical leid for Judaism[1][2][3]
Revival9.0 million speakers o Modren Ebreu o which 5 million in Israel. (2016)[4]
Early forms
Staundart forms
Ebreu alphabet
Paleo-Ebreu alphabet (Archaic Biblical Ebreu)
Imperial Aramaic script (Late Biblical Ebreu)
Signed Ebreu (oral Ebreu accompanied bi sign)[5]
Offeecial status
Offeecial leid in
 Israel (as Modren Ebreu)
Regulatit biAcademy o the Ebreu Leid
האקדמיה ללשון העברית (HaAkademia LaLashon HaʿIvrit)
Leid codes
ISO 639-1he
ISO 639-2heb
ISO 639-3Variously:
heb – Modren Ebreu
hbo – Clessical Ebreu (leeturgical)
smp – Samaritan Ebreu (leeturgical)
obm – Moabite (extinct)
xdm – Edomite (extinct)
Idioma hebreo.PNG
The Ebreu-speakin warld:
  regions whaur Ebreu is the leid o the majority (Israel)
  regions whaur Ebreu is the leid o a signeeficant minority (Wast Bank an Golan Hichts)
This article contains IPA phonetic seembols. Withoot proper renderin support, ye mey see quaisten merks, boxes, or ither seembols insteid o Unicode chairacters. For an introductory guide on IPA seembols, see Help:IPA.
Ebreu alphabet


  1. Sephardi [ʕivˈɾit]; Iraqi [ʕibˈriːθ]; Yemenite [ʕivˈriːθ]; Ashkenazi realisation [iv'ʀis] or [iv'ris] strict pronunciation [ʔiv'ris] or [ʔiv'ʀis]


  1. "A History of the Hebrew Language". google.co.uk.
  2. H. S. Nyberg 1952. Hebreisk Grammatik. s. 2. Reprinted in Sweden by Universitetstryckeriet, Uppsala 2006.
  3. Modren Ebreu at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Clessical Ebreu (leeturgical) at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Samaritan Ebreu (leeturgical) at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Moabite (extinct) at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Edomite (extinct) at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  4. Thompson, Irene (June 15, 2016). "Hebrew". About World Languages.
  5. Meir, Irit; Sandler, Wendy (2013). A Language in Space: The Story of Israeli Sign Language.
  6. Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Hebrewic". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.
  7. Zuckermann, Ghil'ad (2003), Language Contact and Lexical Enrichment in Israeli Hebrew, Palgrave Macmillan (ISBN 978-1-4039-1723-2 / ISBN 978140338695)