Thessaloniki (Greek: Θεσσαλονίκη, IPA: [θesaloˈnici]), Thessalonica, or Salonica is the seicont-lairgest ceety in Greece an the caipital o the periphery o Central Macedonie. Its honorific title is Συμпρωτεύουσα (Symprotévousa), literally "co-caipital", a reference tae its historical status as the Συμβασιλεύουσα (Symvasilévousa) or "co-reignin" ceety o the Byzantine Empire, alangside Constantinople.

Thessaloniki

Θεσσαλονίκη
The White Touer
Eik-name(s): 
The co-caipital,
The Bride o the Thermaic Guwf
Thessaloniki is locatit in Greece
Thessaloniki
Thessaloniki
Coordinates: 40°39′N 22°54′E / 40.65°N 22.9°E / 40.65; 22.9
Kintra Greece
RegionFlag of Greek Macedonia.svg Central Macedonie
Regional unitThessaloniki
Founded315 BC (2335 years ago)
Incorporated1912 (Error: Need valid year, month, day years ago)
Municipalities7
Area
 • Urban
111.703 km2 (43.129 sq mi)
 • Metro
1,455.62 km2 (562.02 sq mi)
Highest elevation
250 m (820 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Rank2nt urban, 2nt metro
 • Urban790,824
 • Urban density7338.8/km2 (19,007/sq mi)
 • Metro1,006,730
 • Metro density665.2/km2 (1,723/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Thessalonian
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal codes
53xxx, 54xxx, 55xxx, 56xxx
Telephone231-xxx-xxxx
Vehicle registrationNAx-xxxx tae NXx-xxxx
Patron sauntSaunt Demetrius (26 October)
Gross metropolitan product (2009)[2]€19.9 billion
 • Per capita€17,200
Websitewww.thessaloniki.gr

Accordin tae the 2011 census the municipality o Thessaloniki haes a population o 322,240,[1] while the Thessaloniki Urban Aurie (the contiguous built up aurie formin the "Ceety o Thessaloniki") haes a population o 790,824;[1] makkin it the fift lairgest an maist populatit ceety in the Balkans an the seicont maist populatit ceety that is no a caipital. Furthermair, the Thessaloniki Metropolitan Aurie extends ower an aurie o 1,455.62 km2 (562.02 sq mi) an its population in 2011 reached a total o 1,006,730 inhabitants.[1]

Thessaloniki is Greece's seicont major economic, industrial, commercial an poleetical centre, an a major transportation hub for the rest o sootheastren Europe; its commercial port is an aa o great importance for Greece an its sootheast European hinterland. The ceety hosts an annual International Trade Fair, the Internaitional Thessaloniki Film Festival, an the lairgest bi-annual meetin o the Greek diaspora.[3]

Thessaloniki is hame tae numerous notable Byzantine monuments, includin the Paleochristian an Byzantine monuments o Thessalonika, a UNESCO Warld Heritage Steid, as well as several Ottoman an Sephardic Jewish structurs.

Internaitional relationsEedit

 
Commemorative stele in Melbourne.

Twin touns — Sister ceetiesEedit

Thessaloniki is twinned wae:

CollaborationsEedit

ReferencesEedit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 "'Πίνακας 1: Προσωρινά αποτελέσματα του Μόνιμου Πληθυσμού της Ελλάδος'" (PDF). National Statistical Service of Greece: Ανακοίνωση προσωρινών αποτελεσμάτων Απογραφής Πληθυσμού 2011, 22 Ιουλίου 2011. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 18 September 2012.
  2. "Gross domestic product (GDP) at current market prices at NUTS level 3". Eurostat. 2010. Retrieved 2 December 2011.
  3. AIGES oHG, www.aiges.net. "SAE - Conventions". En.sae.gr. Retrieved 5 Januar 2009.

Thessaloniki and the Bulgarians.History. Memory. Present. https://www.solunbg.org/en/