Aboot this soondTianjin  (Cheenese: 天津; pinyin: Tiānjīn; Wade–Giles: T'ien-chin; [tʰi̯ɛn˥˥ t͡ɕin˥˥]; Postal cairt spellin: Tientsin) is a metropolis in North Cheenae an ane o the five naitional central ceeties. It is govrened as a direct-controlled municipality, ane o fower sic designations, an is sicweys unner direct admeenistration o the central govrenment, an borders Hebei an Beijing, boondit tae the east bi the Bohai Guwf portion o the Yellae Sea. In terms o urban population, it is the saxt lairgest ceety o the Fowkrepublic o Cheenae, an its urban land aurie ranks 5t in the naition, ae efter Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, an Shenzhen.

Tianjin

天津
Municipality o Tianjin • 天津市
Clockwise frae top:Jinwan Square, Tianjin Financial Center an Hai River, Xikai Church, Panorama o dountoun Tianjin, Tianjin Railroad Station, Tianjin Eye Park
Clockwise frae top:Jinwan Square, Tianjin Financial Center an Hai River, Xikai Church, Panorama o dountoun Tianjin, Tianjin Railroad Station, Tianjin Eye Park
Location o Tianjin Municipality athin Cheenae
Location o Tianjin Municipality athin Cheenae
Coordinates: 39°08′N 117°11′E / 39.133°N 117.183°E / 39.133; 117.183Coordinates: 39°08′N 117°11′E / 39.133°N 117.183°E / 39.133; 117.183
KintraFowkrepublic o Cheenae
Settledca. 340 BC
Diveesions
 - Coonty-level
 - Tounship-
level

13 destricts, 3 coonties
240 touns an veelages
Govrenment
 • TeepMunicipality
 • CPC Ctte SecretarySun Chunlan
 • MayorHuang Xingguo
Aurie
 • Municipality11,760 km2 (4,540 sq mi)
 • Urban
174.9 km2 (67.5 sq mi)
 • Metro
5,606.9 km2 (2,164.8 sq mi)
Population
 (2012 census)
 • Municipality14,131,500
 • Density1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)
 • Urban
11,524,238
 • Metro
11,524,238
Demonym(s)Tianjinese
Tianjiner
Time zoneUTC+8 (Cheenae Staundart time)
Postal code
300000 – 301900
Aurie code(s)22
GDP2011
 - TotalCNY 1119.0 billion
(USD 177.6 billion) (20t)
 - Per caipitaCNY 84,337
(USD 13,058) (1st)
HDI (2008)0.875 (3rd) – high
Licence plate prefixes津A, B, C, D, F, G, H, J, K, L, M
津E (taxis)
Ceety flouerCheenese rose
Wabsteid(in Cheenese) www.tj.gov.cn
(in Inglis) www.tj.gov.cn/english
Tianjin
Cheenese天津
Hanyu PinyinTiānjīn
Aboot this soond[Listen] 
PostalTientsin
Leeteral meaninsky ferry

Tianjin's urban aurie is locatit alang the Hai He River, which connects tae the Yellow an Yangtze Rivers via the Grand Canal in Tianjin. Its ports, some distance away, are locatit on the Bohai Gulf in the Paceefic Ocean. Tianjin wis ance hame tae foreign concessions in the late Qing Dynasty an early Kuomintang (KMT) era. The municipality incorporates the coastal region o Tanggu, hame tae the Binhai New Auroe an the Tianjin Economic-Technological Development Aurie (TEDA).

Admeenistrative diveesionsEedit

Tianjin is dividit intae 16 coonty-level diveesions, includin 13 destricts an three coonties.

In addeetion, the Tianjin Economic an Technological Development Aurie (TEDA) is no a formal level o admeenistration, but nivertheless enjoys richts seemilar tae a regular destrict.

 
Airport Industrial Pairk, Dongli Destrict

Thir destricts an coonties are further subdividit, as o December 31, 2004, intae 240 tounship-level diveesions, includin 120 touns, 18 tounships, 2 ethnic tounships an 100 subdestricts.

Internaitional relationsEedit

Twin touns — Sister ceetiesEedit

Tianjin is twinned wi:

Ceety Kintra Sister ceety syne:
  Kobe Japan 24 Juin 1973
  Philadelphia Unitit States 10 Februar 1980
  Fitchburg, Massachusetts Unitit States 1980
  Mobile Unitit States
  Greenville, Sooth Carolina Unitit States
  Rishon LeZion Israel
  Melbourne Australie 5 Mey 1980
  Yokkaichi, Mie Japan 28 October 1980
  Sarajevo Bosnie an Herzegovinae 28 Mey 1981
  Nord-Pas-de-Calais Fraunce 10 October 1984
  Lombardy (Milan) Italy 9 Mey 1985
  Groningen Netherlands 12 September 1985
  Chiba Japan 7 Mey 1986
  Kutaisi Georgie 1987
  Plovdiv Province Bulgarie 15 October 1989
  İzmir Turkey 23 September 1991
  Abidjan Côte d'Ivoire 26 September 1992
  Ulan Bator Mongolie 27 September 1992
  Kharkiv Ukraine 14 Juin 1993
  Jönköping Swaden 23 September 1993
  Incheon Sooth Korea 7 December 1993
  Saarland Germany 28 September 1994
  Łódź Poland 1 October 1994
  Rio de Janeiro (state) Brazil 18 Aprile 1995
  Dallas Unitit States 1995
  Orange Coonty Unitit States 1 August 1997
  Amazonas Brazil 20 October 1997
  Hai Phong Vietnam 8 Januar 1999
  Turku Finland 17 August 2000
  Clarence, New York Unitit States 10 November 2001
  Thessaloniki Greece 4 Mairch 2002
  Namp'o North Korea 11 August 2002
  Hawaii Unitit States 1 November 2002
  East Java Indonesie 27 October 2003
  Chicago Unitit States 2008
  Phnom Penh Cambodie 17 November 2008
  Pyongyang North Korea 12 Mey 2009
  Busan Sooth Korea 2009
  Seoul Sooth Korea 2009
  Wellington New Zealand 22 Julie 2011