Mongolie (soondit /mənˈɡoli/; Mongolie: Монгол улс leeteral Mongol kintra/naition, ) is a laundlockit kintra in East an Central Aisie. It haes mairches wi Roushie tae the north an the Fowkrepublic o Cheenae tae the sooth, east an wast. Awtho Mongolie disna share a mairch wi Kazakhstan, its wastren-maist pynt is anely a few kilometres fae Kazakhstan's eastren neb. Ulan Bator, the caipital an lairgest ceety, is hame tae aboot 38% o the indwallers. Mongolie's poleetical seestem is a pairlamentary republic.


Монгол Улс
Emblem o Mongolie

Location o  Mongolie  (red)
Location o  Mongolie  (red)
and largest city
Coordinates: 47°55′N 106°53′E / 47.917°N 106.883°E / 47.917; 106.883
Offeecial leidsMongolie
Offeecial scriptsMongolian Cyrillic
Mongolie script[1]
Ethnic groups
Buddhism (53%)
Islam (3%)
Shamanism (2,9%)
Christianity (2,2%)[2]
GovrenmentUnitar semi-presidential republic[3][4][5]
• Preses
Ukhnaagiin Khürelsükh
Luvsannamsrain Oyun-Erdene
Gombojavyn Zandanshatar
LegislaturState Great Khural
formed 209 BC
formed 1206
December 29, 1911
• Mongolie Fowkrepublic wis established
November 26, 1924
• Unthirldom wis recognised bi Republic o Cheenae
Januar 5, 1946
Februar 13, 1992
• Total
1,566,000 km2 (605,000 sq mi) (18t)
• Water (%)
• 2016 estimate
3,081,677[7] (134t)
• Density
1.97[8]/km2 (5.1/sq mi) (238t)
GDP (PPP)2015 estimate
• Total
$36.6 billion
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2015 estimate
• Tot
$12.5 billion
• Per capita
Gini (2011)36.5[9]
HDI (2014)Increase 0.727[10]
heich · 90th
CurrencyTögrög (MNT)
Time zoneUTC+7/+8[11]
• Summer (DST)
Date (CE)
Drivin sidericht
Cawin code+976
ISO 3166 codeMN
Internet, .мон
  1. ^ An aa spelled "Ulan Bator".
  2. ^ "Mongolie" includes minorities sic as Kazakhs or Tuvans.

The airts o whit is Mongolie haes been ruled bi monie nomadic empires, includin the Xiongnu, the Xianbei, the Rouran, the Gökturks, an ithers. The Mongol Empire wis foondit bi Genghis Khan in 1206. Efter the dounfaw o the Yuan Dynasty, the Mongols returnt tae thair fore-gane paiterns. In the 16t an 17t centuries, Mongolie came unner the influence o Tibetan Buddhism. At the end o the 17t century, maist o Mongolie haed been incorporatit intae the airts ruled bi the Qing Deenasty. Durin the dounfaw o the Qing Deenasty in 1911, Mongolie declared unthirldom, but haed tae warstle till 1921 for tae firmly estaiblish de-facto unthirldom, an till 1945 for tae gain internaitional recogneetion. As a affcome, it cam unner strang Roushie an Soviet influence: In 1924, the Mongolie Fowkrepublic wis declarit, an Mongolian poleetics stairtit tae follae the same paiterns as Soviet poleetics o the time. Efter the dounfaw o communist regimes in Eastren Europe at the hint-end o 1989, Mongolie haed its ain Democratic Revolution in early 1990, that led tae a mony-pairty seestem, a new constitution in 1992, an the - raither roch - transeetion tae a mercat economy.

Admeenistrative diveesions

Main airticles: Provinces o Mongolie an Destricts o Mongolie

Template:Clickable map o Mongolian provinces Mongolie is dividit intae 21 aimags (provinces), which are in turn dividit intae 329 sums (destricts). The caipital Ulaanbaatar is admeenistrated separately as a khot (municipality) wi provincial status. The aimags are:


  1. "Official Documents to be in Mongolian Script". UB Post. 21 Juin 2011. Archived frae the original on 1 November 2011. Retrieved 11 Julie 2010. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help); Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)
  2. a b "Mongolia". World Factbook. CIA. Archived frae the original on 29 December 2010. Retrieved 9 August 2015.
  3. Shugart, Matthew Søberg (September 2005). "Semi-Presidential Systems: Dual Executive and Mixed Authority Patterns" (PDF). Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies. United States: University of California, San Diego. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 19 August 2008. Retrieved 21 Februar 2016. Cite has empty unkent parameter: |dead-url= (help)
  4. Shugart, Matthew Søberg (December 2005). "Semi-Presidential Systems: Dual Executive And Mixed Authority Patterns" (PDF). French Politics. Palgrave Macmillan Journals. 3 (3): pp. 323–351. doi:10.1057/palgrave.fp.8200087. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 4 Mairch 2016. Retrieved 21 Februar 2016. Even if the president has no discretion in the forming of cabinets or the right to dissolve parliament, his or her constitutional authority can be regarded as 'quite considerable' in Duverger’s sense if cabinet legislation approved in parliament can be blocked by the people's elected agent. Such powers are especially relevant if an extraordinary majority is required to override a veto, as in Mongolia, Poland, and Senegal.CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  5. Odonkhuu, Munkhsaikhan (12 Februar 2016). "Mongolia: A Vain Constitutional Attempt to Consolidate Parliamentary Democracy". ConstitutionNet. International IDEA. Retrieved 21 Februar 2016. Mongolia is sometimes described as a semi-presidential system because, while the prime minister and cabinet are collectively responsible to the SGKh, the president is popularly elected, and his/her powers are much broader than the conventional powers of heads of state in parliamentary systems.
  6. Official landuse balanse data (2007)[deid airtin]
  7. "National Statistical Office of Mongolia". UBSEG.GOV.MN. Archived frae the original on Apryle 15, 2016. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  8. a b Apr 2016
  9. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 2 Mairch 2011.
  10. "2015 Human Development Report Statistical Annex" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2015. p. 9. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
  11. "Mongolia Standard Time is GMT (UTC) +8, some areas of Mongolia use GMT (UTC) +7". Time Retrieved 30 September 2007.
  12. "Clock changes in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia". Retrieved 27 Mairch 2015.