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Saarland (German pronunciation: [ˈzaːɐlant]; French: Sarre, IPA: [saʁ]) is ane o the saxteen states o Germany. The caipital is Saarbrücken. It haes an aurie o 2570 km² an 1,045,000 indwellers. In baith aurie an population, it is the smawest state in Germany ither than the ceety-states (Berlin, Bremen an Hamburgh). Its location on the mairch atween Fraunce an Germany haes gien Saarland a unique history.

State o Germany
Banner o Saarland
Coat o airms o Saarland
Coat o airms
Deutschland Lage des Saarlandes.svg
Coordinates: 49°22′59″N 6°49′59″E / 49.38306°N 6.83306°E / 49.38306; 6.83306
Kintra Germany
Caipital Saarbrücken
 • Meenister-Preses Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer (CDU)
 • Govrening pairties CDU / SPD
 • Bundesrat votes 3 (o 69)
 • Tot 2,568.65 km2 (991.76 sq mi)
Population (2015-12-31)[1]
 • Tot 995,597
 • Density 390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Simmer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code DE-SL
GDP/ Nominal €30.06 billion (2010)[citation needit]

The Saar didna exist as a unifeed entity till its creation as the Territory o the Saar Basin bi the League o Naitions efter Warld War I. Afore this, some pairts o the current entity wur Proushie an ither pairts Bavarie. The indwellers votit tae rejoin Germany in a plebiscite in 1935.

Frae 1947 tae 1956 the Saar wis a French-occupeed territory (the "Saar Protectorate") separate frae the rest o Germany. In 1955 the inhabitants wur affered unthirldom in a plebiscite, but insteid votit tae become a state o Wast Germany. Frae 1920 tae 1935, an then frae 1947 tae 1959, the indwellers uised postage stamps issued specially for the territory; see postage stamps an postal history o the Saar for details. Atween 1950 an 1956, Saarland wis a member o the Cooncil o Europe. Ane o Lufthansa's Boeing 747-400s (registered D-ABVS) is namit Saarland.


  1. "Fläche und Bevölkerung - Stand: 31.12.2015 (Basis Zensus 2011)" (PDF). Statistisches Amt des Saarlandes (in German). July 2016. 
  2. "State population". Portal of the Federal Statistics Office Germany. Retrieved 2012-07-03. 

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