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For the ceety, see Rio de Janeiro.

Rio de Janeiro (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈʁi.u dʒi ʒaˈnejɾu] [1]) is ane o the 26 states o Brazil.

Rio de Janeiro
Estado do Rio de Janeiro
State of Rio de Janeiro
Banner o Rio de Janeiro
Coat o airms o Rio de Janeiro
Coat o airms
Motto(s): Recte Rem Publicam Gerere (Laitin)
"Conduct the affairs o the public wi richteousness"
Anthem: November 15th
Location o State o Rio de Janeiro in Brazil
Location o State o Rio de Janeiro in Brazil
Coordinates: 22°54′S 43°12′W / 22.900°S 43.200°W / -22.900; -43.200
Kintra  Brazil
Caipital an Lairgest Ceety Rio de Janeiro
 • Govrenor Sérgio Cabral Filho
 • Vice Govrenor Luís Fernando de Sousa
 • Total 43,696.1 km2 (16,871.2 sq mi)
Aurie rank 24t
Population (2011 census)
 • Tot 16,030,110
 • Rank 3rd
 • Density 370/km2 (950/sq mi)
 • Density rank 2nt
Demonym(s) Fluminense
 • Year 2008 estimate
 • Total R$ 343,182,000,000 (2nt)
 • Per caipita R$ 21,621 (3rd)
 • Year 2005
 • Category 0.832 – heich (5t)
Time zone BRT (UTC-3)
 • Simmer (DST) BRST (UTC-2)
Postal Code 20000-000 to 28990-000
ISO 3166 code BR-RJ

The state o Rio de Janeiro is locatit athin the Brazilian geopolitical region classified as the Sootheast (assigned bi IBGE) an its boondaries, aw o them wi ither Brazilian states in the Southeast region (Rio de Janeiro is the ae state in the Sootheast tae share borders wi aw ither states in the same macroregion), are wi Minas Gerais (N an NW), Espírito Santo (NE) an São Paulo (SW), an plus its shore line, in the Atlantic Ocean, tae its East an Sooth.

Rio de Janeiro haes an aurie o 43,653 km². Its caipital is the ceety o Rio de Janeiro, which wis the caipital o the Portuguese Colony o Brazil frae 1763 tae 1806, caipital o the Unitit Kinrick o Portugal, Brazil an the Algarves frae 1806 tae 1822, an caipital o independent Brazil frae 1822 tae 1960.

The state's lairgest ceeties are Rio de Janeiro, Nova Iguaçu, Niterói, Duque de Caxias, São Gonçalo, São João de Meriti, Campos dos Goytacazes, Petrópolis an Volta Redonda.

Its principal rivers are the Guandu, the Piraí, the Paraíba do Sul, the Macaé an the Muriaé. Its climate is considered tae be tropical.

Rio de Janeiro is made up o twa distinct morphological auries: a plain, kent as baixada, an a plateau, which are disposed in parallel fashion frae the shoreline inland (towards Minas Gerais).

In the Brazilian banner, the state is representit bi the Beta star in the Soothren Cross (β = Mimosa).


  1. In the variety o Brazilian Portuguese spoken in Rio de Janeiro. The European Portuguese pronunciation is: [ˈʁiu dɨ ʒɐˈnɐjɾu].