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Guangzhou,[6] an aa kent as Canton or Kwangchow,[7] is a sub-provincial ceety an the caipital o the Guangdong province in the Fowkrepublic o Cheenae. It is ane o the five National Central Ceeties.[8] Locatit in soothren Cheenae on the Pearl River, aboot 120 km (75 mi) northwast o Hong Kong, Guangzhou is a key transportation hub an tradin port.[9]

Guangzhou
广州
Sub-provincial ceety
广州市
Frae top: Tianhe CBD, the Canton Tower & Chigang Pagoda, Haizhu Bridge, Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall, Statue o Five Goats, Zhenhai Tower in Yuexiu Park, an Sacred Heart Cathedral.
Frae top: Tianhe CBD, the Canton Tower & Chigang Pagoda, Haizhu Bridge, Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall, Statue o Five Goats, Zhenhai Tower in Yuexiu Park, an Sacred Heart Cathedral.
Location o Guangzhou Ceety (yellae) in Guangdong
Location o Guangzhou Ceety (yellae) in Guangdong
Guangzhou is locatit in China
Guangzhou
Guangzhou
Location in Cheenae
Coordinates: 23°08′N 113°16′E / 23.133°N 113.267°E / 23.133; 113.267Coordinates: 23°08′N 113°16′E / 23.133°N 113.267°E / 23.133; 113.267
Kintra Fowkrepublic o Cheenae
Province Guangdong
Govrenment
 • Teep Sub-provincial ceety
 • CPC Ctte Secretary Wan Qingliang
 • Mayor Chen Jianhua
Aurie[1]
 • Sub-provincial ceety 7,434 km2 (2,870 sq mi)
 • Urban 3,843 km2 (1,484 sq mi)
Elevation 21 m (68 ft)
Population (2014)[2]
 • Sub-provincial ceety 14,080,500
 • Density 1,900/km2 (4,900/sq mi)
 • Urban[3] 11,547,491
 • Metro (2010)[4] 25,000,000
Demonym(s) Cantonese
Time zone Cheenae Staundart time (UTC+8)
Postal code 510000
Aurie code(s) 20
GDP[5] 2014
 - Tot CN¥1,67 trillion
(US$271.84 billion)
 - Per capita CN¥111,333
(US$18,123)
 - Growth Increase 8.6%
Licence plate prefixes A
Flouer Bombax ceiba
Bird Cheenese Hwamei
Wabsteid english.gz.gov.cn

Guangzhou is the third lairgest ceety in Cheenae an soothren Cheenae's lairgest ceety. As o the 2000 census, the ceety haed a population o 6 million, an an urban aurie population o roughly 11.85 million,[10] makin it the maist populous ceety in the province an the third maist populous metropolitan auriea in Cheenae. Some estimates place the population o the entire urban agglomeration as heich as 24.2 million, makin it the 2nt biggest urban aurie in the warld efter Tokyo.[11] The Guangzhou govrenment's offeecial estimate o the ceety's population at the end o 2009 wis 10,334,500, an addition o 152,500 fowk frae the previous year.[12] Includin registrated migrant population (present in the ceety 6 months or mair) ceety population is ower 14 mln[13]. In 2008 Guangzhou wis identified as a Beta Warld Ceety bi the Global ceety index produced bi GaWC.[14]

Internaitional relationsEedit

Sister ceetiesEedit

Guangzhou is twinned wi the follaein ceeties:[15]

Kintra Ceety Coonty/Destrict/Province/Region/State Date
  Fukuoka Fukuoka 2 Mey 1979
  Los Angeles Californie 8 December 1981
  Manila Metro Manila 5 November 1982
  Vancouver Breetish Columbie 27 Mairch 1985
  Sydney New Sooth Wales 12 Mey 1986
  Bari Bari 12 November 1986
  Lyon Rhône 19 Januar 1988
  Frankfurt Hesse 11 Aprile 1988
  Auckland Auckland 17 Februar 1989
  Gwangju Gwangju 25 October 1996
  Linköping Östergötland 24 November 1997
  Durban KwaZulu-Natal 17 Julie 2000
  Bristol Ingland 23 Mey 2001
  Yekaterinburg Sverdlovsk 10 Julie 2002
  Arequipa Arequipa 27 October 2004
  Surabaya East Java 21 December 2005
  Vilnius Vilnius 12 October 2006
  Birmingham Ingland 4 December 2006
  Hambantota Hambantota 27 Februar 2007
  Recife Pernambuco 22 October 2007
  Tampere Pirkanmaa 2 December 2008
  Bangkok Bangkok 13 November 2009

Friendship ceetiesEedit

Guangzhou haes the follaein friendship ceeties:[16]

Kintra Ceety County/District/Province/Region/State Date
  Salvador Bahia 6 Aprile 1996
  Ho Chi Minh Ceety Municipality o Vietnam 11 Aprile 1996
  Ōita Ōita 9 October 1997
  Khabarovsk Khabarovsk 15 October 1997
  Dubai Dubai 1 Juin 2000
  Guam Unincorporated organized territories 28 Mairch 2002
  Noboribetsu Hokkaidō 19 Mey 2002
  Melbourne Victoria 9 Aprile 2003
  Alexandria Alexandria 17 Julie 2003
  Barcelona Catalonie 23 October 2003
  Bishkek Chuy 1 December 2004
  Havana Havana 15 Juin 2005
  Düsseldorf North Rhine-Westphalie 15 Julie 2006

ReferencesEedit

  1. "土地面积、人口密度(2008年)[[Category:Airticles conteenin Cheenese-leid text]]". Statistics Bureau of Guangzhou. Retrieved 2010-02-08.  URL–wikilink conflict (help)
  2. 2014年广州市国民经济和社会发展统计公报 [Guangzhou Economic and Social Development Statistics Bulletin 2014]. Guangzhou Daily. 2015-03-22. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2016-03-12. Retrieved 2015-05-01. 
  3. 统计年鉴2014 [Statistical Yearbook 2014] (in Chinese
    Guangzhou Cantonese). Statistics Bureau of Guangzhou. 7 April 2015. Retrieved 1 May 2015.
     
  4. "OECD Urban Policy Reviews: China 2015". OECD. Retrieved 2015-05-01. 
  5. 2010年广州市国民经济和社会发展统计公报 (in Chinese). Statistics Bureau of Guangzhou. April 7, 2011. Retrieved 2011-05-25. 
  6. "MapMachine". Maps.nationalgeographic.com. Retrieved 2010-05-06. 
  7. "Guangzhou (China)". Encyclopædia Britannica. Accessed 12 September 2010.
  8. "全国城镇规划确定五大中心城市[[Category:Airticles conteenin Cheenese-leid text]]". Southern Metropolitan Daily. 2010-02-09. Retrieved 2010-07-29.  URL–wikilink conflict (help)
  9. "Tourism Administration of Guangzhou Municipality". visitgz.com. Retrieved 21 March 2010. 
  10. "Demographia World Urban Areas population projections" (PDF). Retrieved 2010-05-06. 
  11. http://www.citypopulation.de/world/Agglomerations.html
  12. 2009年广州市国民经济和社会发展统计公报 03-29-2010
  13. Guangzhou Population is over 14 mln. Xinghua Agency. 2010-06-18
  14. http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2008/10/15/the_2008_global_cities_index
  15. "Sister Cities of Guangzhou". Guangzhou Foreign Affairs Office. Retrieved 2010-02-10. 
  16. "Friendship Cities of Guangzhou". Retrieved 2010-03-25.