Recife (Portuguese pronunciation: [ʁeˈsifi] ( listen), heh-see-fee) is the fift-lairgest[1] metropolitan aurie in Brazil wi 3,743,854 indwallers, the lairgest metropolitan aurie o the North/Northeast Regions, the 5t-lairgest metropolitan influence aurie in Brazil, an the caipital an lairgest ceety o the state o Pernambuco. The population o the ceety proper wis 1,555,039 in 2012.[2]

Recife
The Municipality o Recife
Frae upper left: Auld centre o Recife; Recife an its bridges; Aereal View o Boa Viagem Beach; Boa Viagem Beach; The Crystal Touer; Capibaribe River; The neighborhuid o Boa Viagem; Agamenon Magalhães Avenue; Recife Sunset.
Frae upper left: Auld centre o Recife; Recife an its bridges; Aereal View o Boa Viagem Beach; Boa Viagem Beach; The Crystal Touer; Capibaribe River; The neighborhuid o Boa Viagem; Agamenon Magalhães Avenue; Recife Sunset.
Banner o Recife
Banner
Eik-name(s): 
Veneza Brasileira (Brazilian Venice), Caipital o the Northeast an Mauricéia/Mauritsstad (efter the Dutch colonization)
Motto(s): 
["Ut Luceat Omnibus"] error: {{lang-xx}}: text has italic markup (help)
"That it mey shine on aw" (Matthew 5:15)
Lua error in Module:Location_map at line 501: Unable to find the specified location map definition: "Module:Location map/data/Brazil" dinnae exist.
Coordinates: 8°3′S 34°54′W / 8.050°S 34.900°W / -8.050; -34.900
Kintra Brazil
RegionNortheast
State Pernambuco
FoonditMairch 12, 1537
Incorporatit (as veelage)1709
Incorporatit (as ceety)1823
Govrenment
 • MayorGeraldo Júlio de Mello Filho (Geraldo Júlio) (PSB)
Area
 • Municipality218 km2 (84.17 sq mi)
 • Metro
2,768 km2 (1,068.7 sq mi)
Elevation
10 m (33 ft)
Population
 (2012)
 • Municipality1,555,039 (9t)
 • Density7133.2/km2 (18537.9/sq mi)
 • Metro
3,743,854(6t)
 • Metro density1,352.5/km2 (3,527/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-3 (UTC-3)
Postal Code
50000-000
Area code(s)+55 81
WebsiteRecife, Pernambuco

Recife is locatit whaur the Beberibe River meets the Capibaribe River tae flaw intae the Atlantic Ocean. It is a major port on the Atlantic Ocean. Its name is an allusion tae the coral reefs that are present bi the ceety's shores. The mony rivers, smaa islands an ower 50 brigs foond in Recife ceety centre characterize its geografie an gies it the moniker o the "Brazilian Venice."

The Metropolitan Region o Recife is the main industrial zone o the State o Pernambuco; maist relevant products are those derived frae cane (succar an ethanol), electronics, fuid, an ithers; thanks tae the fiscal incentives o govrenment, mony industrial enterprises wur stairtit in the 1970s an 1980s. Recife haes a tradeetion o bein the maist important commercial centre o the North/Northeastern region o Brazil wi mair nor 52,500 business enterprises in Recife itself plus 32,500 in the Metro Aurie which tots mair nor 85,000.[3]

A combination o a lairge supply o labor an signeeficant private investments turned Recife intae Brazil's seicont lairgest medical centre (seicont anly tae São Paulo);[4] modren hospitals wi state-o-the-airt equipment receive patients frae several neighborin States.[5][6] Lik aw ither ceeties in the Northeast, Recife is developin its tourist sector. The beach o Porto de Galinhas, 60 kilometer (37 mi) sooth o the ceety, haes been repeatitly awairdit the title o baist beach in Brazil an haes drawn mony tourists.[7] Recife's infrastructur is amang the maist developed in Brazil for travellers an business fowk, tho thare is wide room for improvement.[8]

The ceety is an aa a renowned eddicational centre, an home tae the Federal Varsity o Pernambuco, the lairgest varsity in Pernambuco. Several Brazilian historical figures, sic as the poet an abolitionist Castro Alves, moved tae Recife tae attain thair eddication.

Thegither wi Natal thir are the anly Brazilian ceeties wi direct flichts tae the islands o Fernando de Noronha, Warld Heritage Steid syne 2001.[9]

GeografieEedit

Due tae the ceety's proximity tae the equator, Recife wather is generally warm. Recife haes a nummer o islands, rivers, watterwyes an brigs that crisscross the ceety. Recife is locatit amidst tropical forests which are distinguished bi heich rainfaw levels resultin in poor soil quality as the rainfall washes away the nutrients. Thare is an absence o extreme temperatures an a cuil breeze due tae the tred winds frae the Atlantic Ocean.[10]

 
Recife, seen frae the Internaitional Space Station

VegetationEedit

Recife haes a tropical forest. Rainforests are characterized bi heich rainfall, wi definitions settin minimum normal annual rainfaw atween 2,000 millimetre (79 in) an 1,700 millimetre (67 in). The soil can be poor acause heich rainfall tends tae leach oot soluble nutrients. Thare are several common characteristics o tropical rainforest trees. The ceety o Recife is fairmed bi three islands (Recife, Santo Antônio, an Boa Vista).[11] Atween the islands are the rivers Beberibe an Capibaribe.[12]

HydrographyEedit

Rivers

Beaches

Lochs

  • Araçá

Lairge watter supplier (Dams)

  • Prata do Meio an Apipucos

ClimateEedit

Recife haes a year-roond tropical climate, wi warm tae het temperaturs an heich relative humidity throughout the year. Houever, thir conditions are relieved bi pleasant tred winds blowin in frae the ocean.[13] Unner the Köppen climate classification, the ceety featurs a tropical monsoon climate. Januar is the warmest month, wi mean temperatures rangin frae 31 °C (88 °F) tae 22 °C (72 °F), wi sun; Julie experiences the cuilest temperatures, wi mean temperatures rangin frae 27 °C (81 °F) tae 20 °C (68 °F), wi rain. Juin is the wettest month an the seicont-cloudiest, receivin an average o 390 mm (15.4 in) o precipitation, an surpassed in cloudiness anly bi August. Indeed, August is incredibly cloudy in Recife, wi a mere daily average o 3.5 oors o sunshine throughoot the month. The driest an sunniest month is November, whan maximum temperatures hover aroond 30 °C an an average o 48 mm (1.9 in) o precipitation is recordit. November is an aa Recife's anly true dry saison month, as aw ither months in the ceety are wet saison months.[14]

Notable fowkEedit

Sister ceetiesEedit

Recife's sister ceeties are:[18]

Kintra Ceety State / Region Syne
  Portugal   Porto   Norte Region 1987
  Fraunce   Nantes Pays de la Loire 2003
  Cheenae   Guangzhou   Guangdong 2007
  Netherlands   Amsterdam   North Holland 1900
  Unitit States   Dallas   Texas 1948
  Spain   A Coruña   Galicia ?

ReferencesEedit

  1. Cities Influence Areas
  2. IBGE 2012 Census Population
  3. Recife Municipal Profile
  4. Recife Medical Pool
  5. Pernambuco A-Z
  6. Pernambuco Daily
  7. Porto de Galinhas Beach
  8. Business in Recife
  9. Unesco - Fernando de Noronha Islands
  10. Weather of Recife
  11. Islands of Recife
  12. Rivers of the city
  13. [1]
  14. [2]
  15. Climate Information for Recife, World Weather Information Service, accessed 05 May 2012.
  16. Climatological Information for Recife, Brazil, Hong Kong Observatory, accessed 05 May 2012.
  17. "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Recife". Julie 2011.
  18. "Mayor's International Council Sister Cities Program". Recife, Pernambuco. Retrieved 18 August 2008.

Freemit airtinsEedit

Offeecial

Tourism