Tourism is travel for recreational, leisur, or business purposes. The Warld Tourism Organization defines tourists as fowk "travelin tae an stayin in places ootside thair uisual environment for nae mair nor ane consecutive year for leisur, business an ither purposes".[1]

Modren tourists takin photos frae an open-topped tour bus.

Tourism haes acome a popular global leisur activity. Efter slowly recovering frae the contraction resultin frae the late-2000s recession, whaur tourism suffered a strang slowdoun frae the seicont hauf o 2008 throu the end o 2009, an the ootbreak o the H1N1 influenza virus,[2][3] internaitional tourist arrivals surpassed the milestone 1 billion tourists globally for first time in history in 2012.[4] Internaitional tourism receipts (the travel item o the balance o payments) grew tae US$1.03 trillion (€740 billion) in 2011, correspondin tae an increase in real terms o 3.8% frae 2010.[5] In 2012, Cheenae acame the lairgest spender in internaitional tourism globally wi US$102 billion, surpassin Germany an United States. Cheenae an emergin mercats significantly increase thair spendin ower the past decade, wi Roushie an Brazil as noteworthy examples.[6]

Tourism is important, an in some cases, vital for mony kintras. It wis recognised in the Manila Declaration on Warld Tourism o 1980[7] as "an activity essential tae the life o naitions acause o its direct effects on the social, cultural, eddicational, an economic sectors o naitional societies an on thair internaitional relations."[1][8] Tourism brings in lairge amoonts o income in payment for guids an services available, accoontin for 30% o the warld's exports o services, an 6% o owerall exports o guids an services.[5] It an aa creates opportunities for employment in the service sector o the economy, associatit wi tourism.[9] Thir service industries include transportation services, sic as airlines, cruise ships, an taxicabs; hospitality services, sic as accommodations, includin hottles an resorts; an entertainment venues, sic as amusement pairks, casinos, shoppin maws, muisic venues, an theatres.


  1. 1.0 1.1 "UNWTO technical manual: Collection of Tourism Expenditure Statistics" (PDF). World Tourism Organization. 1995. p. 10. Retrieved 26 Mairch 2009.
  2. "International tourism challenged by deteriorating global economy" (PDF). UNWTO World Tourism Barometer. World Tourism Organization. 7 (1). 2009. Retrieved 17 November 2011. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  3. "UNWTO World Tourism Barometer Interim Update" (PDF). UNWTO World Tourism Barometer. World Tourism Organization. 2010. Retrieved 17 November 2011. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  4. "UNWTO World Tourism Barometer" (PDF). UNWTO World Tourism Barometer. World Tourism Organization. 11 (1). 2013. Retrieved 9 Apryle 2013. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  5. 5.0 5.1 "International tourism receipts surpass US$ 1 trillion in 2011" (Press release). UNWTO. 7 Mey 2012. Retrieved 15 Juin 2012.
  6. "China - the new number one tourism source market in the world". World Tourism Organization. 4 Apryle 2013. Retrieved 9 Apryle 2013.
  7. "Manila Declaration on World Tourism" (PDF). Retrieved 10 August 2013.
  8. Manila Declaration on World Tourism (PDF). World Tourism Conference. Manila, Philippines. 10 October 1980. pp. 1–4.
  9. "2012 Tourism Highlights" (PDF). UNWTO. 2012. Retrieved 17 Juin 2012. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)