Amsterdam (pronounced /ˈæmstərdæm/ (deprecatit template); Dutch [ˌɑmstərˈdɑm] ( listen)) is the caipital an lairgest ceety o the Netherlands, wi an urban population o 1,364,422 an a metropolitan population o 2,158,372. The ceety is locatit in the province o North Holland in the wast o the kintra. It comprises the northren pairt o the Randstad, the saxt-lairgest metropolitan aurie in Europe, wi a population o approximately 8.1 million.

Eemages, frae tap doun, left tae richt: the Rijksmuseum,
canals o Amsterdam, Ryal Palace at Dam Squerr,
Royal Concertgebouw, Naitional Maritime Museum,
a cannabis coffee shop, De Wallen reid-licht destrict,
Zuidas business destrict bi nicht
Banner o Amsterdam
Coat of airms o Amsterdam
Coat airms
Mokum, Damsko
Heldhaftig, Vastberaden, Barmhartig (Valiant, Steadfast, Compassionate)
Heichlichtit poseetion o Amsterdam in a municipal cairt o North Holland
Location in North Holland
Coordinates: 52°22′N 4°54′E / 52.367°N 4.900°E / 52.367; 4.900Coordinates: 52°22′N 4°54′E / 52.367°N 4.900°E / 52.367; 4.900
Province North Holland
 • BodiMunicipal cooncil
 • MayorFemke Halsema (GroenLinks)
 • Municipality219.32 km2 (84.68 sq mi)
 • Laund165.76 km2 (64.00 sq mi)
 • Water53.56 km2 (20.68 sq mi)
 • Randstad3043 km2 (1,175 sq mi)
Elevation−2 m (−7 ft)
 (municipality & urban, September 2016 (CBS); metro 2014 (OIS Amsterdam); Randstad, 2011)[3][5][6][7][8]
 • Municipality844,667
 • Density5269/km2 (13,650/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Metro region
 • Randstad
Demonym(s)Amsterdammer, A'dammer
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Aurie code020

Its name is derived frae Amstellerdam,[9] indicative o the ceety's oreegin: a dam in the river Amstel. Settled as a smaw fishin veelage in the late 12t century, Amsterdam became ane o the maist important ports in the warld durin the Dutch Gowden Age, a result o its innovative developments in trade. Durin that time, the ceety wis the leadin centre for finance an diamonds.[10] In the 19t an 20t centuries, the ceety expandit, an mony new neebourheids an suburbs war formed. The 17t-century canals o Amsterdam (in Dutch: 'Grachtengordel'), locatit in the hert o Amsterdam, wur eikit tae the UNESCO Warld Heritage Leet in Julie 2010.

The ceety is the financial an cultural caipital o the Netherlands.[11] Mony lairge Dutch institutions hae thair heidquarters thare, an 7 o the warld's tap 500 companies, includin Philips an ING, are based in the ceety.[12] In 2010, Amsterdam wis ranked 13t globally on quality o livin[13] bi Mercer, an previously ranked 3rd in innovation bi 2thinknow in the Innovation Cities Index 2009.[14]

The Amsterdam Stock Exchynge, the auldest stock exchynge in the warld, is locatit in the ceety centre. Amsterdam's main sichts, includin its historic canals, the Rijksmuseum, the Van Gogh Museum, Stedelijk Museum, Hermitage Amsterdam, Anne Frank Hoose, its reid-licht destrict, an its mony cannabis coffee shops draw mair nor 3.66 million internaitional veesitors ilka year.[15]

Internaitional relations


Sister ceeties

Ceety Municipality / Destrict / Canton / Province / State / Region Kintra Syne
  Algiers Algiers Province   Algerie
Athens   Attica   Greece
Beijing Beijing Municipality   Cheenae
Beira Sofala Province   Mozambique 1993
  Brasília   Brazilian Federal Destrict   Brazil
Istanbul Marmara   Turkey
  Kiev Kiev Ceety Municipality   Ukraine
  Los Angeles   Californie   Unitit States o Americae
  Managua Managua Municipality   Nicaragua
  Montreal   Quebec   Canadae
  Moscow   Federal Ceety o Moscow   Roushie
New York Ceety   New York   Unitit States o Americae
Nicosia Nicosia Destrict   Cyprus
  Recife   Pernambuco   Brazil 2009
  Riga Riga Municipality   Latvie
  Sarajevo   Sarajevo Canton   Bosnie an Herzegovinae
Toronto   Ontario   Canadae


  1. "Portfolios: Mayor & Alderpersons". Gemeente Amsterdam. Archived frae the original on 28 Februar 2014. Retrieved 18 Februar 2014. Cite has empty unkent parameter: |trans_title= (help)
  2. "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 Julie 2013. Retrieved 12 Mairch 2014.
  3. a b Anita Bouman–Eijs; Thijmen van Bree; Wouter Jonkhoff; Olaf Koops; Walter Manshanden; Elmer Rietveld (17 December 2012). De Top 20 van Europese grootstedelijke regio's 1995–2011; Randstad Holland in internationaal perspectief (PDF) (Technical report) (in Dutch). Delft: TNO. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 3 Mairch 2014. Retrieved 25 Julie 2013. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)
  4. "Postcodetool for 1012JS (Dam Square)". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 18 Februar 2014. Cite has empty unkent parameter: |trans_title= (help)
  5. "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 1 Januar 2021. Retrieved 2 Januar 2022.
  6. "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 26 Juin 2014. Retrieved 24 Julie 2014.
  7. "CBS Amsterdam Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand".
  8. "Economische Verkenningen Metropool Regio Amsterdam". Archived frae the original (PDF) on 25 December 2018. Retrieved 27 Januar 2017.
  9. Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, Vol 1, p896-898.
  10., Capitals of Capital -A History of International Financial Centres – 1780–2005, Youssef Cassis, ISBN 978-0-521-84535-9
  11. Efter Athens in 1888 an Florence in 1986, Amsterdam wis in 1986 chosen as the European Caipital o Cultur, confirmin its eminent position in Europe an the Netherlands. See for an owerview o the European ceeties an caipitals o cultur ower the years.
  12. Archived 2017-06-09 at the Wayback Machine, Forbes Global 2000 Largest Companies – Dutch rankings.
  13. "Best cities in the world (Mercer)". City Mayors. 26 Mey 2010. Retrieved 10 October 2010.
  14. "2thinknow Innovation Cities Global 256 Index - worldwide innovation city rankings". 30 Julie 2009. Archived frae the original on 9 Apryle 2014. Retrieved 10 October 2010.
  15. "Key Figures Amsterdam 2009: Tourism". City of Amsterdam Department for Research and Statistics. 2009. Archived frae the original on 1 Mey 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2009.