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Amsterdam (pronounced /ˈæmstərdæm/ (deprecatit template); Dutch [ˌɑmstərˈdɑm] ( listen)) is the caipital an lairgest ceety o the Netherlands, wi an urban population o 1,364,422 an a metropolitan population o 2,158,372. The ceety is locatit in the province o North Holland in the wast o the kintra. It comprises the northren pairt o the Randstad, the saxt-lairgest metropolitan aurie in Europe, wi a population o approximately 8.1 million.

Amsterdam
RijksmuseumAmsterdamMuseumplein2.50,1.jpg
KeizersgrachtReguliersgrachtAmsterdam.jpgPaleis op de dam.JPG
Concertgebouw3x2.jpgReplica VOC-schip Amsterdam.jpg
Amsterdam rainbow coffeeshop.jpgAmsterdam red light district 24-7-2003.JPG
Zuidas by night, Amsterdam.jpg
Eemages, frae tap doun, left tae richt: the Rijksmuseum,
canals o Amsterdam, Ryal Palace at Dam Squerr,
Royal Concertgebouw, Naitional Maritime Museum,
a cannabis coffee shop, De Wallen reid-licht destrict,
Zuidas business destrict bi nicht
Banner o Amsterdam
Banner
Coat o airms o Amsterdam
Coat o airms
Nickname(s): 
Mokum, Damsko
Motto(s): 
Heldhaftig, Vastberaden, Barmhartig (Valiant, Steadfast, Compassionate)
Heichlichtit poseetion o Amsterdam in a municipal cairt o North Holland
Location in North Holland
Coordinates: 52°22′N 4°54′E / 52.367°N 4.900°E / 52.367; 4.900Coordinates: 52°22′N 4°54′E / 52.367°N 4.900°E / 52.367; 4.900
KintraNetherlands
Province North Holland
Boroughs
Govrenment
 • BodiMunicipal cooncil
 • MayorFemke Halsema (GroenLinks)
Area
 • Municipality219.32 km2 (84.68 sq mi)
 • Land165.76 km2 (64.00 sq mi)
 • Water53.56 km2 (20.68 sq mi)
 • Randstad3,043 km2 (1,175 sq mi)
Elevation−2 m (−7 ft)
Population
 (municipality & urban, September 2016 (CBS); metro 2014 (OIS Amsterdam); Randstad, 2011)[3][5][6][7][8]
 • Municipality844,667
 • Density5,135/km2 (13,300/sq mi)
 • Urban
1,343,647
 • Metro region
2,431,000
 • Randstad
7,100,000
Demonym(s)Amsterdammer, A'dammer
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postcode
1000–1109
Aurie code020
Wabsteidwww.amsterdam.nl

Its name is derived frae Amstellerdam,[9] indicative o the ceety's oreegin: a dam in the river Amstel. Settled as a smaw fishin veelage in the late 12t century, Amsterdam became ane o the maist important ports in the warld durin the Dutch Gowden Age, a result o its innovative developments in trade. Durin that time, the ceety wis the leadin centre for finance an diamonds.[10] In the 19t an 20t centuries, the ceety expandit, an mony new neebourheids an suburbs war formed. The 17t-century canals o Amsterdam (in Dutch: 'Grachtengordel'), locatit in the hert o Amsterdam, wur eikit tae the UNESCO Warld Heritage Leet in Julie 2010.

The ceety is the financial an cultural caipital o the Netherlands.[11] Mony lairge Dutch institutions hae thair heidquarters thare, an 7 o the warld's tap 500 companies, includin Philips an ING, are based in the ceety.[12] In 2010, Amsterdam wis ranked 13t globally on quality o livin[13] bi Mercer, an previously ranked 3rd in innovation bi 2thinknow in the Innovation Cities Index 2009.[14]

The Amsterdam Stock Exchynge, the auldest stock exchynge in the warld, is locatit in the ceety centre. Amsterdam's main sichts, includin its historic canals, the Rijksmuseum, the Van Gogh Museum, Stedelijk Museum, Hermitage Amsterdam, Anne Frank Hoose, its reid-licht destrict, an its mony cannabis coffee shops draw mair nor 3.66 million internaitional veesitors ilka year.[15]

Internaitional relationsEedit

Sister ceetiesEedit

Ceety Municipality / Destrict / Canton / Province / State / Region Kintra Syne
  Algiers Algiers Province   Algerie
Athens   Attica   Greece
Beijing Beijing Municipality   Cheenae
Beira Sofala Province   Mozambique 1993
  Brasília   Brazilian Federal Destrict   Brazil
Istanbul Marmara   Turkey
  Kiev Kiev Ceety Municipality   Ukraine
  Los Angeles   Californie   Unitit States o Americae
  Managua Managua Municipality   Nicaragua
  Montreal   Quebec   Canadae
  Moscow   Federal Ceety o Moscow   Roushie
New York Ceety   New York   Unitit States o Americae
Nicosia Nicosia Destrict   Cyprus
  Recife   Pernambuco   Brazil 2009
  Riga Riga Municipality   Latvie
  Sarajevo   Sarajevo Canton   Bosnie an Herzegovinae
Toronto   Ontario   Canadae

ReferencesEedit

  1. "Portfolios: Mayor & Alderpersons". Gemeente Amsterdam. Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  2. "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Anita Bouman–Eijs; Thijmen van Bree; Wouter Jonkhoff; Olaf Koops; Walter Manshanden; Elmer Rietveld (17 December 2012). De Top 20 van Europese grootstedelijke regio's 1995–2011; Randstad Holland in internationaal perspectief (PDF) (Technical report) (in Dutch). Delft: TNO. Retrieved 25 July 2013.  Unkent parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)
  4. "Postcodetool for 1012JS (Dam Square)". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  5. "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 27 October 2017. Retrieved 27 October 2017. 
  6. "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 26 June 2014. Retrieved 24 July 2014. 
  7. "CBS Amsterdam Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand". 
  8. "Economische Verkenningen Metropool Regio Amsterdam" (PDF). 
  9. Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, Vol 1, p896-898.
  10. Cambridge.org, Capitals of Capital -A History of International Financial Centres – 1780–2005, Youssef Cassis, ISBN 978-0-521-84535-9
  11. Efter Athens in 1888 an Florence in 1986, Amsterdam wis in 1986 chosen as the European Caipital o Cultur, confirmin its eminent position in Europe an the Netherlands. See EC.europa.eu for an owerview o the European ceeties an caipitals o cultur ower the years.
  12. Forbes.com, Forbes Global 2000 Largest Companies – Dutch rankings.
  13. "Best cities in the world (Mercer)". City Mayors. 2010-05-26. Retrieved 2010-10-10. 
  14. "2thinknow Innovation Cities Global 256 Index - worldwide innovation city rankings". Innovation-cities.com. 2009-07-30. Retrieved 2010-10-10. 
  15. "Key Figures Amsterdam 2009: Tourism". City of Amsterdam Department for Research and Statistics. 2009. Retrieved 30 September 2009.