Riga (Latvie: Rīga, pronounced [riːɡa] ( listen)) is the caipital an lairgest ceety o Latvie, a major industrial, commercial, cultural an financial centre o the Baltics, an an important seaport, situatit on the mouth o the Daugava. Wi 706,413 inhabitants (2010), it is the lairgest ceety o the Baltic states an third-lairgest in the Baltic region, ahint Saunt Petersburg an Stockholm (coontin residents athin the ceety limits). Riga's territory covers 307.17 km2 (118.60 sq mi) an lies atween 1 an 10 metres (3.3 an 33 ft) abuin sea level, on a flat an sandy plain.

Riga

Rīga
Ceety
A view frae St. Peter's Kirk in Riga Auld Toun.
A view frae St. Peter's Kirk in Riga Auld Toun.
Banner o Riga
Banner
Official seal of Riga
Seal
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Coordinates: 56°56′56″N 24°6′23″E / 56.94889°N 24.10639°E / 56.94889; 24.10639Coordinates: 56°56′56″N 24°6′23″E / 56.94889°N 24.10639°E / 56.94889; 24.10639
Kintra Latvie
Govrenment
 • TeepCeety cooncil
 • MayorNils Ušakovs
Area
(2002) [2]
 • Ceety307.17 km2 (118.60 sq mi)
 • Water48.50 km2 (18.73 sq mi)  15.8%
 • Metro
10132 km2 (3,912 sq mi)
Population
 (2010[3]
 • Ceety706,413
 • Density2,300/km2 (6,000/sq mi)
 • Metro
1,098,523 (Riga Region)
 • Metro density108.3/km2 (280/sq mi)
 • Demonym
Rīdzinieki
Ethnicity
(2010) [4]
 • Latvies42.5 %
 • Roushies40.7 %
 • Belaroushies4.0 %
 • Ukrainians3.9 %
 • Poles2.0 %
 • Ithers6.7 %
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Cawin codes66 & 67
Websitewww.riga.lv

Riga's historical centre haes been declared a UNESCO Warld Heritage Steid, an the ceety is pairticularly notable for its extensive Jugendstil (German Art Nouveau) airchitecture, which UNESCO considers tae be unparalleled onywhere in the warld.[5]

EtymologyEedit

Ane theory for the oreegin o the name Riga is that it is a corruptit borraein frae the Liv ringa meanin luip, referrin tae the auncient natural harbour formed bi the tributary luip o the Daugava.[6][7] The ither is that Riga awes its name tae this awready-established role in commerce atween East an Wast,[8] as a borraein o the Latvian rija, for threshin barn, the "j" becomin a "g" in German—notably, Riga is cried Rie bi Inglis geographer Richard Hakluyt (1589),[9][10] an German historian Dionysius Fabricius (1610) confirms the oreegin o Riga frae rija.[9][11] Anither theory coud be that Riga wis named efter Riege, the German name for the River Rīdzene, a tributary o the Daugava.[12]

SportsEedit

Sports clubsEedit

Sports facilitiesEedit

Sports eventsEedit

Internaitional relationsEedit

Twin touns — Sister ceetiesEedit

Riga maintains sister ceety relationships wi the follaein ceeties:[13]

  Aalborg, Denmark[14]   Almaty, Kazakhstan   Amsterdam, Netherlands   Astana, Kazakhstan
  Beijing, Cheenae[15]   Bordeaux, Fraunce   Bremen, Germany   Cairns, Australie
  Calais, Fraunce   Dallas, Texas, Unitit States   Florence, Italy   Kiev, Ukraine
  Kobe, Japan [16]   Minsk, Belaroushie   Moscow, Roushie   Norrköping, Swaden
  Pori, Finland   Providence, Rhode Island, Unitit States[17]   Rostock, Germany   Saunt Petersburg, Roushie:[18]
  Santiago, Chile   Slough, Unitit Kinrick[19]   Stockholm, Swaden   Suzhou, Cheenae
  Taipei, Taiwan[20]   Tallinn, Estonie   Tashkent, Uzbekistan   Tartu, Estonie
  Tbilisi, Georgie   Vilnius, Lithuanie   Warsaw, Poland [21]

ReferencesEedit

  1. "Riga City Council". Riga City Council. Retrieved 22 Julie 2009.
  2. "Riga in Figures". Riga Ceety Cooncil. Retrieved 2 August 2007.
  3. "Table IE52:Resident Population by Region, City and District at the beginning of the year". csb.gov.lv. Archived frae the original on 27 Mey 2012.
  4. "Resident Population by Ethnicity and by Region, Cityr and District at the Bebinning of the Year". csb.gov.lv. Retrieved 22 Julie 2010.[deid airtin]
  5. "World Heritage List — Riga (Latvia); No. 852" (PDF). unesco.org. pp. 3 (67). Retrieved 25 Julie 2009.
  6. "Teritorija un administratīvās robežas vēsturiskā skatījumā" (in Latvian). Cities Environmental Reports on the Internet. Retrieved 2 August 2007.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  7. Endzelīns, Did Celts Inhabit the Baltics (1911 Dzimtene's Vēstnesis (Homeland Messenger) No. 227). Retrieved July 24, 2009.
  8. Vauchez et al. Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages. Routledge, 2001
  9. a b Bilmanis, A. Latvia as an Independent State. Latvian Legation. 1947.
  10. Pronouncing the "i" and "e" separately, REE-eh, is the best approximation tae the Latvian rija, as "Ria" wad result in an "i" no "ee" soond.
  11. Fabrius, D. Livonicae Historiae Compendiosa Series, 1610: Riga nomen sortita est suum ab aedificiis vel horreis quorum a litus Dunae magna fuit copia, quas livones sua lingua Rias vocare soliti. (in Laitin)
  12. Rīdziņa
  13. "Twin cities of Riga". Riga City Council. Retrieved 27 Julie 2009.
  14. "Aalborg Kommune - Venskabsbyer". Web.archive.org. 14 November 2007. Archived frae the original on 14 November 2007. Retrieved 26 Julie 2009.
  15. "Sister Cities". Beijing Municipal Government. Retrieved 23 Juin 2009.
  16. "Sister City, Friendly City, Friendship & Cooperation City" (in Japanese). © 2007-2009 City of Kobe. Retrieved 14 Julie 2009. freemit airtin in |publisher= (help)
  17. "Mayor Announces Sister City — Meeting (7/30/2003)". Providence, RI, Office of the Mayor. Retrieved 17 Januar 2007.
  18. "Saint Petersburg in figures - International and Interregional Ties". Saint Petersburg City Government. Retrieved 27 Julie 2009.
  19. "British Latvian Trade – the magazine of the British Chamber of Commerce in Latvia" (PDF). pp. 10, col. 2. Retrieved 11 Februar 2008.
  20. Sister city list (.DOC)
  21. (in Pols) "Miasta partnerskie Warszawy". um.warszawa.pl. Biuro Promocji Miasta. 4 Mey 2005. Retrieved 29 August 2008.

Freemit airtinsEedit