Tartu is the seicont lairgest ceety o Estonie. In contrast tae Estonie's poleetical an financial caipital Tallinn, Tartu is aften considert the intellectual an cultural hub, especially syne it is hame tae Estonie's auldest an maist renouned varsity. Situatit 186 km sootheast o Tallinn, the ceety is the centre o soothren Estonie. The Emajõgi river, that connects the twa lairgest lochs o Estonie, crosses Tartu. The ceety is served bi Tartu Airport.

Owerleukin Toun Haw Square frae Toome Hill.
Owerleukin Toun Haw Square frae Toome Hill.
Banner o Tartu
Coat of airms o Tartu
Coat airms
Heade mõtete linn (ceety o guid thochts)
Tartu is located in Estonie
Location in Estonie
Coordinates: 58°23′N 26°43′E / 58.383°N 26.717°E / 58.383; 26.717
Kintra Estonie
CoontyTartumaa lipp.svg Tartu Coonty
First settled5t century AD
First mentioned1030
Ceety richtsafore 1262
Named forTaara or tarvas (Aurochs)
 • MayorUrmas Kruuse (Reform Pairty)
 • Total38.86 km2 (15 sq mi)
 • Laund37.9 km2 (14.6 sq mi)
 • Water1.3 km2 (0.5 sq mi)  3.39%
57.2 m (188 ft)
Highest elevation
79 m (259 ft)
 • Total98,449
 • Density2679/km2 (6936/sq mi)
 • Estonies80%
 • Roushies15%
 • ither5%
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

Historical namesEedit

As Tartu haes been unner the guidal o sindry rulers ootthrou its history, thare are sindry names for the ceety in unalike leids. Maist o thaim derive frae the earliest attestit form, the Estonie Tarbatu. In German, Swadish an Polish the toun haes been, an whiles still is, kent as  Dorpat , a variant o Tarbatu. In Roushie, the ceety haes been kent as Юрьев (Yuryev) efter Yaroslav I the Wise an Дерпт (Derpt), a variant o Dorpat (housomeivver, syne 1917 the Estonie name Tartu is uised). Similarly, the ceety haes been kent as Tērbata in Latvian.

Internaitional relationsEedit

Twin touns — Sister ceetiesEedit

Tartu is twinned wi:


  1. "Population by sex, age group and county, 1 January". Statistics Estonia. 16 Mairch 2012. Retrieved 19 Februar 2014.
  2. "Frederiksberg Municipality – Twin Towns" (in Dens). ©2007 -2009 Frederiksberg Municipality. Archived frae the original on 5 December 2012. Retrieved 9 September 2009. freemit airtin in |publisher= (help) Archived 2011-06-15 at the Wayback Machine