Coordinates: 18°15′S 35°00′E / 18.250°S 35.000°E / -18.250; 35.000

Mozambique, offeecially the Republic o Mozambique (Portuguese: Moçambique or República de Moçambique, pronounced: [ʁɛˈpublikɐ di musɐ̃ˈbiki]), is a kintra in sootheastren Africae bordered bi the Indian Ocean tae the east, Tanzanie tae the north, Malawi an Zambie tae the northwast, Zimbabwe tae the wast an Swaziland an Sooth Africae tae the soothwast.

Republic o Mozambique

Banner o Mozambique
Emblem o Mozambique
AnthemPátria Amada  (Script error: The function "name_from_code" does not exist.)
Beluved Hameland
Location o  Mozambique  (daurk blue) in the African Union  (licht blue)
Location o  Mozambique  (daurk blue)

in the African Union  (licht blue)

25°57′S 32°35′E / 25.950°S 32.583°E / -25.950; 32.583
Lairgest ceetycapital
Offeecial leidsPortuguese
GovrenmentUnitar semi-presidential republic[1][2][3]
• Preses
Filipe Nyusi
Carlos Agostinho do Rosário[4]
LegislaturAssembly o the Republic
• frae Portugal
25 Juin 1975
• Current constitution
30 November 1990
• Total
801,590 km2 (309,500 sq mi) (35t)
• Water (%)
• 2014 estimate
24,692,144[5] (50t)
• 2007 census
21,397,000 (52nt)
• Density
28.7/km2 (74.3/sq mi) (178t)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$37.321 billion[6]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Tot
$11.170 billion[6]
• Per capita
Gini (2008)45.7[7]
HDI (2015)Increase 0.418[8]
law · 181st
CurrencyMozambican metical (MZN)
Time zoneUTC+2 (CAT)
Drivin sidecaur
Cawin code+258
ISO 3166 codeMZ
  1. Makhuwa, Tsonga, Lomwe, Sena an ithers.
Estimates for this kintra explicitly tak intae accoont the effects o excess mortality due tae AIDS; this can result in lawer life expectancy, heicher infant mortality an daith rates, lawer population an growthe rates, an cheenges in the distribution o population bi age an sex than wad itherwise be expectit.

The aurie wis explored bi Vasco da Gama in 1498 an colonized bi Portugal in 1505. Mozambique became independent in 1975, an became the Fowkrepublic o Mozambique shortly efter. It wis the scene o an intense ceevil war lastin frae 1977 tae 1992. The kintra wis named Moçambique bi the Portuguese efter the Island o Mozambique, derived frae Musa Al Big or Mossa Al Bique or Mussa Ben Mbiki, an Arab trader who first visitit the island an later lived thare.

Mozambique is a member o the Commonweel o Naitions, the Community o Portuguese Leid Kintras an a observer o the Francophonie.


  1. Neto, Octávio Amorim; Lobo, Marina Costa (2010). "Between Constitutional Diffusion and Local Politics: Semi-Presidentialism in Portuguese-Speaking Countries". Social Science Research Network. SSRN 1644026. Cite journal requires |journal= (help); |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  2. Shugart, Matthew Søberg (September 2005). "Semi-Presidential Systems: Dual Executive and Mixed Authority Patterns" (PDF). Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies. United States: University of California, San Diego. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 19 August 2008. Retrieved 20 August 2016. Cite has empty unkent parameter: |dead-url= (help)
  3. Shugart, Matthew Søberg (December 2005). "Semi-Presidential Systems: Dual Executive And Mixed Authority Patterns" (PDF). Palgrave Macmillan. 3 (3): 323–351. doi:10.1057/palgrave.fp.8200087. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 4 Mairch 2016. Of the contemporary cases, only four provide the assembly majority an unrestricted right to vote no confidence, and of these, only two allow the president unrestricted authority to appoint the prime minister. These two, Mozambique and Namibia, as well as the Weimar Republic, thus resemble most closely the structure of authority depicted in the right panel of Figure 3, whereby the dual accountability of the cabinet to both the president and the assembly is maximized. Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (help)
  4. "Moçambique tem novo governo". VOA. 17 Januar 2015.
  5. "The World Factbook – Field Listing – Population – CIA". Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 7 Mairch 2015.
  6. a b c d "Mozambique". International Monetary Fund.
  7. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 2 Mairch 2011.
  8. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). HDRO (Human Development Report Office) United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 21 Mairch 2017.