Malawi, kent offeecially as the Republic o Malawi (/[unsupported input]məˈlɑːwi/; Chichewa [malaβi][need tone]) is a landlocked kintra in sootheast Africae that wis umwhile kent as Nyasaland. It is bordered bi Zambie tae the northwast, Tanzanie tae the northeast, an Mozambique on the east, sooth an wast. The kintra is separatit frae Tanzanie an Mozambique bi Lake Malawi. Its size is ower 118,000 km2 (45,560 sq mi) wi an estimatit population o mair nor 13,900,000. Its caipital is Lilongwe, the seicont lairgest ceety is Blantyre an the third lairgest is Mzuzu. The name Malawi comes frae the Maravi, an auld name o the Nyanja fowk that inhabit the area.

Republic o Malawi

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Banner o Malawi
Coat o airms o Malawi
Coat o airms
Motto: "Unity an Freedom"[1]
AnthemMulungu dalitsa Malaŵi  (Chichewa)
O God Bless Our Land of Malawi [2]
Location o Malawi
and largest city
13°57′S 33°42′E / 13.950°S 33.700°E / -13.950; 33.700
Offeecial leids[3]
Ethnic groups
GovrenmentUnitary presidential republic
• Preses
Lazarus Chakwera
Saulos Chilima
LegislaturNaitional Assembly
• frae the Unitit Kinrick
6 Julie 1964
• republic
6 Julie 1966
• Current constitution
18 Mey 1994
• Total
118,484 km2 (45,747 sq mi) (99th)
• Water (%)
• 2013 estimate
16,407,000[4] (64t)
• 1998 census
• Density
128.8/km2 (333.6/sq mi) (86t)
GDP (PPP)2012 estimate
• Total
$14.265 billion[6]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2012 estimate
• Tot
$4.212 billion[6]
• Per capita
Gini (2010)43.9[7]
HDI (2008)Increase 0.493[8]
law · 171st
CurrencyKwacha (D) (MWK)
Time zoneUTC+2 (CAT)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+2 (nae observed)
Drivin sideleft
Cawin code+265[3]
ISO 3166 codeMW
• Population estimates for this kintra explicitly tak intae accoont the effects o excess mortality due tae AIDS; this can result in lawer life expectancy, heicher infant mortality an daith rates, lawer population an growth rates, an chynges in the distribution o population bi age an sex than would itherwise be expected.
• Information is drawn frae the CIA Factbook unless itherwise notit.
Territorial Organization

Malawi wis first settled durin the 10t century an remained unner native rule till 1891 whan it wis colonised bi the Breetish, wha ruled the kintra till 1964. Upon gainin unthrildom it became a single-pairty state unner Preses Hastings Banda, wha remained preses till 1994, whan he wis oostit frae pouer. Malawi haes a democratic, multi-pairty govrenment. Malawi haes a sma military force that includes an airmy, a navy an an air wing. Malawi's foreign policy is pro-Wastren an includes positive diplomatic relations wi maist kintras an participation in several internaitional organisations.

Malawi is amang the warld's least developed an maist densely populatit kintras. The economy is hivily based in agricultur, wi a lairgely rural population. The Malawian govrenment depends hivily on ootside aid tae meet development needs, awtho this need (an the aid affered) haes decreased syne 2000. The Malawian govrenment faces challenges in growin the economy, improvin eddication, heal care an the environmental protection an becomin financially independent. Malawi haes several programmes developed syne 2005 that focus on thir issues, an the kintra's ootleuk appears tae be impruivin, wi impruivements in economic growthe, eddication an heal care seen in 2007 an 2008.


  1. Berry, Bruce (6 Februar 2005). "Malawi". Flags of the World Website. Flags of the World. Archived frae the original on 21 August 2010. Retrieved 22 September 2010.
  2. "Malawi National Anthem Lyrics". National Anthem Lyrics. Lyrics on Demand. Retrieved 24 August 2008.
  3. a b c "Country profile: Malawi". BBC News Online. BBC. 13 Mairch 2008. Retrieved 17 August 2008.
  4. FAO estimate for year 2013
  5. Benson, Todd. "Chapter 1: An Introduction" (PDF). Malawi: An Atlas of Social Statistics. National Statistical Office, Government of Malawi. p. 2. Retrieved 24 August 2008.
  6. a b c d "Malawi". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 17 Apryle 2013.
  7. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 2 Mairch 2011.
  8. "2008 Statistical Update: Malawi". United Nations Development Programme. Archived frae the original on 27 Februar 2009. Retrieved 19 Apryle 2009.