Coordinates: 6°18′25″S 34°51′14″E / 6.307°S 34.854°E / -6.307; 34.854

The Unitit Republic o Tanzanie (/ˌtænzəˈnə/ Swahili: Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania)[12] is a kintra in central East Africae bordered bi Kenyae an Uganda tae the north, Rwanda, Burundi an the Democratic Republic o the Congo tae the wast, an Zambie, Malawi an Mozambique tae the sooth. The kintra's eastren borders lie on the Indien Ocean.

The Unitit Republic O Tanzanie

Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania  (Swahili)
Banner o Tanzanie
Coat o airms o Tanzanie
Coat o airms
Motto: "Uhuru na Umoja" (Swahili)
"Freedom an Unity"
Anthem"Mungu ibariki Afrika"
(Scots: "God Bless Africae")
Location o Tanzanie
Location o Tanzanie
CaipitalDodoma (de jure) Dar es Salaam (de facto)
Lairgest ceetyDar es Salaam
Offeecial leidsNone de jure
Naitional leidSwauheely[1]
Ither leidsInglis[1]
(2010 estimate)[2]
GovrenmentUnitar presidential republic[3][4]
• Preses
Samia Hassan Suluhu
Kassim Majaliwa
• Speaker
Job Ndugai
Ibrahim Hamis Juma
LegislaturNaitional Assemmly
Unthirldom frae the Unitit Kinrick
9 December 1961
10 December 1963
• Merger
26 Apryle 1964
• Current constitution
25 Apryle 1977
• Total
947,303 km2 (365,756 sq mi) (31st)
• Water (%)
• 2016 estimate
55,572,201[6] (28t)
• 2012 census
• Density
47.5/km2 (123.0/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$163.522 billion[8]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Tot
$51.194 billion[8]
• Per capita
Gini (2012)37.8[9]
HDI (2015)Increase 0.531[10]
law · 151st
CurrencyTanzanian shilling (TZS)
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)
Drivin sidecaur
Cawin code+255[note 1]
ISO 3166 codeTZ
  1. Revised tae $41.33 billion[11]
Territorial Organization

The Unitit Republic o Tanzanie is a unitary republic composed o 26 mikoa (regions).[13] The heid o state is Preses Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete, electit in 2005. Syne 1996, the offeecial caipital o Tanzanie haes been Dodoma, whaur parliament an some govrenment offices are locatit.[14] Atween unthirldom an 1996, the major coastal ceety o Dar es Salaam served as the kintra's poleetical caipital. The day, Dar es Salaam remains the principal commercial ceety o Tanzanie an the de-facto seat o maist govrenment institutions.[13][15] It is the major seaport for the kintra an its landlockit neighbours.

The name Tanzanie derives frae the names o the twa states Tanganyika an Zanzibar that unitit in 1964 tae form the Unitit Republic o Tanganyika an Zanzibar, which later the same year wis renamed the Unitit Republic o Tanzania.[16]


  1. +007 frae Kenyae an Uganda.


  1. a b "Tanzania". Ethnologue. SIL International.
  2. [ Archived 2020-11-27 at the Wayback Machine | CIA World Factbook]] 2010. Retrieved 23 May 2017.
  3. David Lawrence (2009). Tanzania: The Land, Its People and Contemporary Life. Intercontinental Books. p. 146. ISBN 978-9987-9308-3-8.
  4. "About the United Republic of Tanzania". Permanent Representative o Tanzanie tae the Unitit Naitions. Archived frae the original on 19 Februar 2011. Retrieved 31 Januar 2015. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  5. a b "Basic Facts and Figures on Human Settlements, 2012", National Bureau of Statistics, Tanzania Ministry of Finance, 2013, page 1, accessed 10 November 2014
  6. "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  7. Population Distribution by Administrative Areas, 2012 Population an Hoosin Census, Naitional Bureau o Stateestics, Unitit Republic o Tanzanie, 2013
  8. a b c d Tanzania.
  9. "GINI Index". The World Bank. Retrieved 14 October 2014.
  10. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 21 Mairch 2017.
  11. "UPDATE 2-Tanzania's GDP expands by 32 pct after rebasing – officials". Reuters. 19 December 2014. Archived frae the original on 8 Februar 2018. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
  12. Tanzania. Unabridged (v 1.1). Random House, Inc. (accessed: 27 March 2007). This approximates the Swahili pronunciation [tanzaˈni.a]. However, /tænˈzeɪniə/ is also heard in English.
  13. a b Central Intelligence Agency (2009). "Tanzania". The World Factbook. Archived frae the original on 27 November 2020. Retrieved 25 Januar 2010.
  14. "The Tanzania National Website". Archived frae the original on 29 Mey 2012. Retrieved 1 Mey 2010.
  15. "The Tanzania National Website: Country Profile". Archived frae the original on 29 Mey 2012. Retrieved 1 Mey 2010.
  16. "The World Factbook - Tanzania" Archived 2020-11-27 at the Wayback Machine, CIA, 2006