Cyprus (Greek: Κύπρος, Kýpros; Turkish: Kıbrıs), offeecially the Republic o Cyprus (Greek: Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία, Kypriakí Dhimokratía; Turkish: Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti) is a Eurasian island kintra in the eastren pairt o the Mediterranean Sea. It is the third maist muckle island in the Mediterranean. The northren pairt o the island haes been unner the owerins o the Turkish airmy syne 1974 efter thay invadit the island. This haes meant that a northren seperatist regime haes cried itsel the Turkis Republic o Northren Cyprus houaniver this haesna been offeecially recogneesed. Cyprus haes been a member o the European Union syne 2004.

Republic o Cyprus

Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία (Greek)
Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti  (Turkis)
Location o  Cyprus  (dark green) in the European Union  (light green)  —  [Legend]
Location o  Cyprus  (dark green)

in the European Union  (light green)  —  [Legend]

35°10′N 33°22′E / 35.167°N 33.367°E / 35.167; 33.367
Offeecial leids
Minority leids
Ethnic groups
GovrenmentUnitary presidential constitutional republic
• Preses
Nicos Anastasiades
Adamos Adamou
LegislaturHoose o Representatives
Unthirldom frae the Unitit Kinrick
19 Februar 1959
• Unthirldom proclaimed
16 August 1960
1 October 1960
1 Mey 2004
• Tot[i 1]
9,251 km2 (3,572 sq mi) (168t)
• Water (%)
• 2011 estimate
1,117,000[i 1][1]
• 2011 census
838,897[i 2][2]
• Density
90.7/km2 (234.9/sq mi) (114t)
GDP (PPP)2013 estimate
• Total
$23.613 billion[3]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2012 estimate
• Tot
$23.006 billion[3]
• Per capita
Gini (2011)29.1[4]
law · 19th
HDI (2013)Increase 0.848[5]
verra heich · 31st
CurrencyEuro (EUR)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
• Summer (DST)
Drivin sideleft
Cawin code+357
ISO 3166 codeCY
Internet[i 3]
  1. a b Includin Northren Cyprus, the UN buffer zone an Akrotiri an Dhekelia.
  2. Excludin Northren Cyprus.
  3. The .eu domain is an aa uised, shared wi ither European Union member states.
Territorial organization


  1. United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2011). "World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision, Highlights and Advance Tables (ESA/P/WP.220)" (PDF). New York: 80. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)CS1 maint: multiple names: authors leet (link)
  2. "Statistical Service – Population and Social Conditions – Population Census – Announcements – Preliminary Results of the Census of Population, 2011" (in Greek). Statistical Service of the Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Cyprus. 29 December 2011. Archived frae the original on 15 Januar 2013. Retrieved 29 Januar 2012.
  3. a b c d "Report for Cyprus". World Economic Outlook Database. International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 17 Apryle 2013.
  4. "Gini coefficient of equivalised disposable income (source: SILC)". Eurostat Data Explorer. Archived frae the original on 4 Mairch 2016. Retrieved 13 August 2013.
  5. "2013 Human Development Report". United Nations Publications. 14 Mairch 2013. Archived frae the original on 15 Apryle 2019. Retrieved 14 Mairch 2013.