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Cyprus (Greek: Κύπρος, Kýpros; Turkish: Kıbrıs), offeecially the Republic o Cyprus (Greek: Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία, Kypriakí Dhimokratía; Turkish: Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti) is a Eurasian island kintra in the eastren pairt o the Mediterranean Sea. It is the third maist muckle island in the Mediterranean. The northren pairt o the island haes been unner the owerins o the Turkish airmy syne 1974 efter thay invadit the island. This haes meant that a northren seperatist regime haes cried itsel the Turkis Republic o Northren Cyprus houaniver this haesna been offeecially recogneesed. Cyprus haes been a member o the European Union syne 2004.

Republic o Cyprus
Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία (Greek)
Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti  (Turkis)
Banner o Cyprus
Location o  Cyprus  (dark green) in the European Union  (light green)  —  [Legend]
Location o  Cyprus  (dark green)

in the European Union  (light green)  —  [Legend]

Caipital Nicosia
35°10′N 33°22′E / 35.167°N 33.367°E / 35.167; 33.367
Offeecial leids
Minority leids
Ethnic groups
Demonym Cypriot
Govrenment Unitary presidential constitutional republic
• Preses
Nicos Anastasiades
Legislatur Hoose o Representatives
Unthirldom frae the Unitit Kinrick
19 Februar 1959
• Unthirldom proclaimed
16 August 1960
1 October 1960
1 Mey 2004
• Tot[i 1]
9,251 km2 (3,572 sq mi) (168t)
• Water (%)
• 2011 estimate
1,117,000[i 1][1]
• 2011 census
838,897[i 2][2]
• Density
90.7/km2 (234.9/sq mi) (114t)
GDP (PPP) 2013 estimate
• Total
$23.613 billion[3]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal) 2012 estimate
• Tot
$23.006 billion[3]
• Per capita
Gini (2011) 29.1[4]
law · 19th
HDI (2013) Increase 0.848[5]
verra heich · 31st
Currency Euro (EUR)
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
• Summer (DST)
Drivin side left
Cawin code +357
ISO 3166 code CY
Internet TLD .cy[i 3]
  1. 1.0 1.1 Includin Northren Cyprus, the UN buffer zone an Akrotiri an Dhekelia.
  2. Excludin Northren Cyprus.
  3. The .eu domain is an aa uised, shared wi ither European Union member states.


  1. United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2011). "World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision, Highlights and Advance Tables (ESA/P/WP.220)" (PDF). New York: 80. 
  2. "Statistical Service – Population and Social Conditions – Population Census – Announcements – Preliminary Results of the Census of Population, 2011" (in Greek). Statistical Service of the Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Cyprus. 29 December 2011. Retrieved 29 January 2012. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "Report for Cyprus". World Economic Outlook Database. International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 17 April 2013. 
  4. "Gini coefficient of equivalised disposable income (source: SILC)". Eurostat Data Explorer. Retrieved 13 August 2013. 
  5. "2013 Human Development Report". United Nations Publications. 14 March 2013. Retrieved 14 March 2013.