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Northren Cyprus or North Cyprus (Turkis: Kuzey Kıbrıs), formally named the Turkish Republic o Northren Cyprus (TRNC) (Turkis: Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti (KKTC),[4]), is a de facto state[5][6][7] locatit in the northren portion o the island o Cyprus. Tensions atween the Greek Cypriot an Turkish Cypriot populations culminatit in 1974 wi a coup d'état, an attempt tae annex the island tae Greece an a military invasion bi Turkey in response resultit in a partitionin o the island,[8][9][10][11] the resettlement o mony o its indwallers, an, eventually, a unilateral declaration o unthrildom bi the north in 1983. Northren Cyprus haes received diplomatic recognition anerlie frae Turkey,[12][13][14][15] upon which it is dependent for economic, poleetical an military support. The rest o the internaitional community, includin the Unitit Naitions an the European Union, recognises the de jure sovereignty o the Republic o Cyprus ower the entire island.

Turkis Republic o Northren Cyprus
Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti  (Turkis)
Banner o Northern Cyprus
Banner
{{{coat_alt}}}
Coat o airms
Anthem: İstiklal Marşı
Unthirldom Mairch
Location o Northern Cyprus
Status Recognised anerly bi Turkey
Caipital
and largest city
North Nicosia
35°11′N 33°22′E / 35.183°N 33.367°E / 35.183; 33.367
Offeecial leids Turkis
Demonym Turkis Cypriot
Govrenment Unitar semi-presidential republic
• Preses
Mustafa Akıncı
Tufan Erhürman
Legislatur Assemmly o the Republic
Unthirldom frae the Republic o Cyprus
• Proclaimed
15 November 1983[1]
Aurie
• Total
3,355 km2 (1,295 sq mi) (unranked)
• Water (%)
2.7
Population
• 2017 estimate
326,000[2]
• 2011 census
286,257
• Density
93/km2 (240.9/sq mi) (117t)
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Tot
$3.685 billion[2]
• Per capita
$12,702[2]
Currency Turkis lira Turkish lira symbol 8x10px.png (TRY)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)[3]
• Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (EEST)
Drivin side left
Cawin code +90 392

Attempts tae reach a solution tae the dispute hae sae far been unsuccessful. In 2004 a fift revision o the UN Annan Plan tae settle the Cyprus dispute wis acceptit bi a majority o Turkish Cypriots in a referendum, but rejectit bi a majority o Greek Cypriots. The Turkish Airmy maintains a lairge force in Northren Cyprus; its presence is supportit an approved bi the de facto local govrenment, but the Republic o Cyprus an the internaitional community regaird it as an illegal occupation force, an its presence haes an aa been denoonced in several United Nations Security Council resolutions.

Northren Cyprus extends frae the tip o the Karpass Peninsula (Cape Apostolos Andreas) in the northeast, wastward tae Morphou Bay an Cape Kormakitis (the Kokkina/Erenköy exclave marks the wastrenmaist extent o the aurie), an soothward tae the veelage o Louroujina/Akıncılar. A buffer zone unner the control o the Unitit Naitions stretches atween Northren Cyprus an the rest o the island an divides Nicosia, the island's lairgest ceety an caipital o baith states.

ReferencesEedit

  1. "Historical Background". Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 3 April 2016. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "KKTC". Turkish Ministry of Economy. Retrieved 28 July 2015. 
  3. "Saatler geri alınıyor!". Yeni Düzen. Retrieved 18 October 2017. 
  4. "The social and economic impact of EU membership on northern Cyprus", Diez, Thomas (2002). The European Union and the Cyprus Conflict: Modern Conflict, Postmodern Union. Manchester University Press. p. 187. ISBN 0719060796. 
  5. Antiwar.com. In Praise of 'Virtual States', Leon Hadar, 16 November 2005
  6. Carter Johnson, University of Maryland. Sovereignty or Demography? Reconsidering the Evidence on Partition in Ethnic Civil Wars, 2005
  7. Emerson, Michael (2004). The Wider Europe Matrix. CPSE. ISBN 9290794690. 
  8. New York Times Quote: The dinner follows a meal Mr. Denktash held on Dec. 6, when Mr. Clerides made his first visit to northern Cyprus, which was invaded by Turkey in 1974 and has been governed by Turkish Cypriots ever since. Mr. Clerides is recognized internationally as the president of Cyprus, but Turkey is the only country that....
  9. BBC News Quote: "Cyprus has been split into the Greek Cypriot-controlled south and the Turkish-occupied north since Turkey invaded in 1974, in the wake of an abortive coup by supporters of union with Greece."
  10. Unity talks under threat as hardliner elected President The Times Quote: on divided island a stance that would scuttle a deal. Cyprus was split on ethnic and religious lines by a Turkish invasion in 1974, triggered by a brief, Greek-inspired coup.
  11. Cyprus problem is fuelling racism The Guardian Quote: "Whether one chooses to date the situation to the invasion by Turkey in 1974, the coup by junta-officered Greek Cypriots the same year, the bombings by Turkey in 1964, the attempt..."
  12. BBC: The status o Northren Cyprus as a separate entity is recognised anerlie bi Turkey, which keeps aroond 30,000 troops in the north o the island.
  13. Europe Review, Kogan Page, 2003, p.79
  14. Nurşin Ateşoğlu Güney, Contentious issues of security and the future of Turkey, Ashgate Publishing, 2007, p.161
  15. The CIA World Factbook 2010, Central Intelligence Agency (U.S.), p.182