This is aboot the U.S. state. For the ceety see New York Ceety. For ither uises, see New York (disambiguation).

New York (/njuː ˈjɔrk/; locally [nɪu ˈjoək] or [nuː ˈjɔrk]) is a state in the Mid-Atlantic an Northeastren regions o the Unitit States an is the nation's thrid maist populous. The state haes laundmairches wi New Jersey an Pennsylvania tae the sooth, an Connecticut, Massachusetts an Vermont tae the east. The state haes a maritime mairch wi Rhode Island east o Long Island, as weel as an international mairch wi the Canadian provinces o Ontario tae the wast, an Quebec tae the north. New York is aft referred tae as New York State tae distinguish it frae New York Ceety.

State o New York
Banner o New York State seal o New York
Banner Seal
Nickname(s): The Empire State
Motto(s): Excelsior (in Laitin)[1]
Ever upward
State sang(s): "I Love New York"
Cairt o the Unitit States wi New York heichlichtit
Offeecial leidNone
Spoken leids
DemonymNew Yorker
Lairgest ceetyNew York Ceety
Lairgest metroNew York metropolitan aurie
AurieRanked 27t
 • Tot54,555[3] sq mi
(141,300 km2)
 • Width285 miles (455 km)
 • Lenth330 miles (530 km)
 • % watter13.5
 • Latitude40° 30′ N tae 45° 1′ N
 • Longitude71° 51′ W tae 79° 46′ W
PopulationRanked 4t
 • Tot19,542,209 (2018 est.)[4]
 • Density416.42/sq mi  (159/km2)
Ranked 7t
 • Median hoosehauld income$58,005 (2016)[5] (23rd)
 • Heichest pyntMunt Marcy[6][7][8]
5,344 ft (1,629 m)
 • Mean1,000 ft  (300 m)
 • Lawest pyntAtlantic Ocean[7][8]
sea level
Afore statehuidProvince o New York
Admission to Union26 Julie 1788 (11th)
GovrenorAndrew Cuomo (D)
Lieutenant GovernorKathy Hochul (D)
LegislaturNew York Legislatur
 • Upper hooseState Senate
 • Lawer hooseState Assembly
U.S. Senators
U.S. Hoose delegation
  • 21 Democrats
  • 6 Republicans
Time zoneEastren: UTC −5/−4
AbbreviationsNY, N.Y.

New York Ceety, whilk is geographically the lairgest ceety in the state an maist populous in the Unitit States, is weel-kent for its history as a yett for immigration tae the Unitit States o Americae an its status as a financial, cultural, transportation, an manufacturin centre. Accordin tae the U.S. Department o Commerce, it is a destination o chyce for mony fremd veesitors an aw. Baith state an ceety war named efter the 17t century Duke o York, James Stuart, futur James VII o Scotland an II o Ingland.

In the bygane New York wis cried New Amsterdam, an wis pairt o the New Netherlands acause the Dutch that conquered an bocht it oreeginally. The Inglis made weir tae tak it ower an American sodgers an aw: the Inglis won the battle.


  1. "New York State Motto". New York State Library. January 29, 2001. Archived frae the oreeginal on May 24, 2009. Retrieved November 16, 2007. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  2. "Language spoken at home by ability to speak English for the population 5 years and over – 2014 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates". Retrieved January 24, 2016.
  3. "Land and Water Area of States (2000)". Retrieved April 11, 2008.
  4. "New York; UNITED STATES". QuickFacts. Retrieved January 4, 2019.
  5. "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
  6. "Marcy". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived frae the oreeginal on February 1, 2009. Retrieved October 24, 2011.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Elevation adjuistit tae North American Vertical Datum o 1988.

Freemit airtinsEedit

State govrenment
  • [ New York state govrenment wabsteid]

Relatit informationEedit

Precedit bi
List of U.S. states by date of statehood
Ratified Constitution on July 26, 1788 (11th)
Succeedit bi
North Carolina