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Connecticut

state o the Unitit States o Americae

Coordinates: 41°36′N 72°42′W / 41.6°N 72.7°W / 41.6; -72.7

State o Connecticut
Banner o Connecticut State seal o Connecticut
Banner Seal
Nickname(s):
  • The Constitution State (offeecial)
  • The Nutmeg State
  • The Proveesions State
  • The Laund o Steady Habits
Motto(s):
State sang(s): "Yankee Doodle"
Cairt o the Unitit States wi Connecticut heichlichtit
Offeecial leid None
Demonym
Caipital Hartford[5]
Lairgest ceety Bridgeport[6]
Lairgest metro Greater Hartford[7]
Aurie Ranked 48th
 • Tot 5,543 sq mi
(14,357 km2)
 • Width 70 miles (113 km)
 • Lenth 110 miles (177 km)
 • % watter 12.6
 • Latitude 40°98′ N tae 42°04′ N
 • Longitude 71°08′ W tae 73°72′ W
Population Ranked 29t
 • Tot 3,590,886 (2015 est)[8]
 • Density 739/sq mi  (285/km2)
Ranked 4t
 • Median hoosehauld income $72,889[9] (4t)
Elevation
 • Heichest pynt Massachusetts border on sooth slope o Moont Frissell[10][11]
2,379 ft (725 m)
 • Mean 500 ft  (150 m)
 • Lawest pynt Long Island Soond[10][11]
sea level
Afore statehuid Connecticut Colony
Admission to Union Januar 9, 1788 (5t)
Govrenor Dannel P. Malloy (D)
Lieutenant Governor Nancy Wyman (D)
Legislatur General Assembly
 • Upper hoose Senate
 • Lawer hoose Hoose o Representatives
U.S. Senators

Richard Blumenthal (D)

Christopher S. Murphy (D)
U.S. Hoose delegation 5 Democrats (leet)
Time zone Eastren: UTC −5/−4
ISO 3166 US-CT
Abbreviations CT, Conn.
Wabsteid www.ct.gov

Connecticut is the soothrenmaist state in the New Ingland region o the northeastren Unitit States. As o the 2010 Census, it haes the heichest per-capita income, Human Development Index (0.962), an median hoosehaud income in the Unitit States.[12][13][14] It is mairchit bi Rhode Island tae the east, Massachusetts tae the north, New York tae the wast, an Long Island Sound tae the sooth. Its caipital is Hartford an its maist populous ceety is Bridgeport. It is pairt o New Ingland, awtho portions o it are eften grouped wi New York an New Jersey as the Tri-state area. The state is named for the Connecticut River, a major US river that approximately bisects the state. The wird "Connecticut" is derived frae various anglicised spellins o an Algonquian wird for "lang tidal river".[15]

Connecticut's first settlers war Dutchmen that established a smaw, short-leevit settlement cried Fort Hoop in Hartford at the confluence o the Park an Connecticut Rivers. Hauf o Connecticut wis ineetially pairt o the Dutch colony New Netherland, that includit muckle o the laund atween the Connecticut an Delaware Rivers. The first major settlements war established in the 1630s bi the Inglis. Thomas Hooker led a baund o follaers owerland frae the Massachusetts Bay Colony an foondit the Connecticut Colony; ither settlers frae Massachusetts foondit the Saybrook Colony an the New Haven Colony. The Connecticut an New Haven colonies established documents o Fundamental Orders, conseedert the first constitutions in North Americae. In 1662, the three colonies war merged unner a ryal chairter, makkin Connecticut a croun colony. This wis ane o the Thirteen Colonies that rejectit Breetish rule in the American Revolution.

Connecticut is the third smawest state bi aurie,[16] the 29t maist populous,[17] an the fowert maist densely populatit[16] o the 50 states. It is kent as the "Constitution State", the "Nutmeg State", the "Provisions State", an the "Land of Steady Habits".[1] It wis influential in the development o the federal govrenment o the Unitit States.

The Connecticut River, Thames River, an ports alang Long Island Sound hae given Connecticut a strang maritime tradeetion that conteenas the day. The state an aw has a lang history o hostin the financial services industrie, includin insurance companies in Hartford an hedge funds in Fairfield Coonty.

ReferencesEedit

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Sites, Seals & Symbols". Secretary of the State. State of Connecticut. August 28, 2015. Retrieved October 25, 2015. 
  2. "Style Manual". U.S. Government Printing Office. 2000. §5.23. Archived frae the oreeginal on August 31, 2008. 
  3. "Connecticutian". Merriam-Webster Online. Retrieved October 25, 2015. 
  4. "State Resident's Names". eReference Desk. Retrieved October 25, 2015. 
  5. "General Description and Facts". State of Connecticut. 
  6. "2014 Population Estimate". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Archived frae the oreeginal on April 17, 2016. Retrieved October 25, 2015. 
  7. Table B-1. Metropolitan Areas — Area and Population (PDF). State and Metropolitan Area Data Book: 2006 (Report). United States Census Bureau. July 2006. 
  8. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Archived frae the oreeginal on November 29, 2014. Retrieved December 26, 2015. 
  9. "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved December 9, 2016. 
  10. 10.0 10.1 "Highest and Lowest Elevations". Elevations and Distances in the United States. United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived frae the oreeginal on November 9, 2013. Retrieved October 25, 2015. 
  11. 11.0 11.1 Elevation adjuistit tae North American Vertical Datum o 1988.
  12. Ohlemacher, Stephen (November 29, 2005). "Highest wages in East, lowest in South". USA Today. Archived frae the oreeginal on November 18, 2010. Retrieved April 30, 2010. 
  13. "Median Household Income". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau. 2013. Archived frae the oreeginal on April 17, 2016. Retrieved October 25, 2015. 
  14. "US slips down development index". BBC News. July 17, 2008. Archived frae the oreeginal on November 18, 2010. 
  15. Trumbull, James Hammond (1881). [Connecticut at Google Books Indian Names of Places, Etc., in and on the Borders of Connecticut: With Interpretations of Some of Them] Check |url= value (help). Harford, Connecticut: Press of the Case, Lockwood & Brainard Company. p. 60. 
  16. 16.0 16.1 Table 18, Area Measurements: 2010; and Population and Housing Unit Density: 1990 to 2010 (PDF). United States Summary: 2010, Population and Housing Unit Counts (Report). United States Census Bureau. September 2012. p. 41. Retrieved May 16, 2014. 
  17. Table 19, Population by Urban and Rural and Type of Urban Area: 2010 (PDF). United States Summary: 2010, Population and Housing Unit Counts (Report). United States Census Bureau. September 2012. p. 42. Retrieved May 16, 2014. 

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