Hartford is the caipital o the U.S. state o Connecticut an the historic seat o Hartford Coonty till Connecticut disbandit coonty govrenment in 1960. As o the 2010 Census, Hartford's population wis 124,775,[1] makin it Connecticut's fowert-lairgest ceety efter the coastal ceeties o Bridgeport, New Haven, an Stamford.

The City of Hartford
The Insurance Capital of the World, The Heartbeat, New England's Rising Star
Location in Hartford Coonty, Connecticut
Coordinates: 41°45′45.85″N 72°40′27.43″W / 41.7627361°N 72.6742861°W / 41.7627361; -72.6742861
KintraUnitit States
RegionCapitol Region
Incorporatit (city)1784
 • TeepMayor-cooncil
 • MayorPedro Segarra (D)
 • Ceety46.5 km2 (18.0 sq mi)
 • Laund44.8 km2 (17.3 sq mi)
 • Water1.7 km2 (0.7 sq mi)
 • Urban
1216 km2 (469 sq mi)
18 m (59 ft)
 • Ceety124,893
 • Density2776/km2 (7025.5/sq mi)
 • Metro
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s)860
FIPS code09-37000
GNIS feature ID0213160
AirportBradley Internaitional Airport (Windsor Locks, CT) – BDL (International/Major)

Elk-namit the "Insurance Caipital o the Warld", Hartford hooses mony insurance company heidquairters, an insurance remains the region's major industry.[2] Amaist 400 year auld, Hartford is amang the auldest ceeties in the Unitit States. Follaein the American Ceevil War, Hartford wis the walthiest ceety in the Unitit States for several decades.[3] In 1868, Mark Twain wrote afore he dee'd, "Of all the beautiful towns it has been my fortune to see this is the chief."[4] The day, Hartford is ane o the poorest ceeties in the naition wi 3 oot o ivery 10 faimilies livin belaw the poverty line.[5]

In 2004, the Hartford metropolitan aurie rankit seicont naitionally in per caipita economic activity, ahint anerly San Francisco. Hartford is hame tae the naition's auldest public airt museum, the Wadsworth Atheneum; the auldest public paurk, Bushnell Park; the auldest continuously published newspaper, The Hartford Courant; the seicont-auldest seicontar schuil, Hartford Public, an the Mark Twain House whaur the author wrote his maist famous wirks an raised his faimily, amang ither historically significant attractions.

Sister ceeties


Hartford featurs numerous sister ceeties. Thay include:[6]

  •   Bydgoszcz, Poland: A ceety in north-central Poland. It is pairt o the metroplex Bydgoszcz-Toruń wi Toruń, anerly 45 km awa, an ower 358,000 indwallers.
  •   Caguas, Puerto Rico: A midsizit ceety in central Puerto Rico. The ceety o Hartford haes the heichest percentage o indwallers wi Puerto Rican ancestry in the continental Unitit States.
  •   Floridia, Italy: A smaw suburb o Siracusa locatit on the sootheastren coast o the island o Sicily.
  •   Freetown, Sierra Leone: Caipital Ceety o Sierra Leone.
  •   Hertford, England: The toun haes a population o aboot 24,000 an serves mony commuters tae Lunnon. The toun haes a kintra feel while anerly 20 mile (30 km) north o Lunnon.
  •   Mangualde, Portugal: A smaw toun in Centro Region that is vera close tae the Serra da Estrela Muntains.
  •   Morant Bay, Jamaica: A toun in sootheastren Jamaica. It wis the stairtin pynt o the anerly peasant rebellion in Jamaican history.
  •   New Ross, Ireland: A smaw toun in sootheast Ireland, at the confluence o the River Barrow an the River Nore. It is the ancestral hame o the Kennedy faimily.
  •   Ocotal, Nicaragua: A lairge toun in northren Nicaragua.
  •   Thessaloniki, Greece This mediterranean port is Greece's seicont lairgest ceety, wi a population o juist ower 1 million fowk.
  •   Dongguan, Cheenae: A famous big ceety in sooth Cheenae.


  1. "Archived copy". Archived frae the original on 21 December 2012. Retrieved 4 December 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. City of Hartford History Archived 2006-02-05 at the Wayback Machine (The State of Connecticut is sometimes known as "the land of steady habits.")Connecticut Nicknames, Connecticut State Library
  3. Paul Zielbauer, "Poverty in a Land of Plenty: Can Hartford Ever Recover?[deid airtin]" New York Times, August 26, 2002.
  4. "Letter from Mark Twain". Twainquotes.com. Retrieved 9 Juin 2012.
  5. part 2: follow the money from city to suburbs | On The Line Archived 2012-12-25 at the Wayback Machine. Ontheline.trincoll.edu (2013-01-09). Retrieved on 2013-07-15.
  6. "Hartford Sister Cities International". Hartford Public Library. Archived frae the original on 9 Juin 2011. Retrieved 3 Julie 2011.

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