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For ither uises, see San Francisco (disambiguation).

San Francisco, offeecially the City an Coonty of San Francisco, is the fowert maist populous ceety in Californie an the 12t maist populous ceety in the Unitit States, wi a 2009 estimatit population o 815,358.[10] The anerlie consolidated ceety-coonty in Californie,[11] it encompasses a land aurie o 46.7 square miles (121 km2)[12] on the northren end o the San Francisco Peninsula, givin it a density o 17,323 fowk/mi² (6,688.4 fowk/km²). It is the maist densely settled lairge ceety (population greater than 200,000) in the state o Californie an the seicont-maist densely populatit lairge ceety in the Unitit States.[13] San Francisco is the financial, cultural, an transportation centre o the San Francisco Bay Area, a region o mair nor 7.4 million fowk which includes San Jose an Oakland.[14]

San Francisco
Ceety an coonty
City and County of San Francisco
San Francisco from the Marin Headlands, with the Golden Gate Bridge in the foreground
San Francisco from the Marin Headlands, with the Golden Gate Bridge in the foreground
Banner o San Francisco
Nickname(s): The Ceety bi the Bay
Fog Ceety
Frisco (deprecated)[1][2][3]
The City that Knows How (antiquated)[4]
Baghdad by the Bay (antiquated)[5]
The Paris o the Wast[6]
Motto(s): Oro en Paz, Fierro en Guerra
(Spanish for "Gowd in Peace, Iron in War")
Location o San Francisco
Location o San Francisco
San Francisco is locatit in the US
San Francisco
San Francisco
Location in the Unitit States
Coordinates: 37°46′45.48″N 122°25′9.12″W / 37.7793000°N 122.4192000°W / 37.7793000; -122.4192000Coordinates: 37°46′45.48″N 122°25′9.12″W / 37.7793000°N 122.4192000°W / 37.7793000; -122.4192000
Kintra Unitit States
State Californie
Founded 29 Juin 1776
Incorporatit 15 Aprile 1850[7]
Foondit bi Lieutenant José Joaquin Moraga an Francisco Palóu
Named for St. Francis o Assisi
 • Teep Mayor-cooncil govrenment
 • Mayor o San Francisco Edwin M. Lee
 • San Francisco Board of Supervisors
 • Californie State Assembly Fiona Ma (D)
Tom Ammiano (D)
 • Californie State Senate Mark Leno (D)
Leland Yee (D)
 • Unitit States Hoose o Representatives Nancy Pelosi (D)
Jackie Speier (D)
 • Ceety an coonty 600.6 km2 (231.89 sq mi)
 • Laund 121.4 km2 (46.87 sq mi)
 • Watter 479.2 km2 (185.02 sq mi)  79.79%
 • Metro 9,128 km2 (3,524.4 sq mi)
Elevation 16 m (52 ft)
Heichest elevation 282 m (925 ft)
Lawest elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Population (2010)[8][9] CSA: 7,563,460
 • Density 6,632.9/km2 (17,179.2/sq mi)
 • Urban 3,273,190
 • Metro 4,335,391
Demonym(s) San Franciscan
Time zone Pacific Staundart Time (UTC-8)
 • Simmer (DST) Paceefic Daylicht Time (UTC-7)
ZIP Code 94101–94112, 94114–94147, 94150–94170, 94172, 94175, 94177
Aurie code(s) 415

In 1776, the Spaingie establisht a fort at the Golden Gate an a mission namit for Francis o Assisi on the steid.[15] The Californie Gowd Rush in 1848 propelled the ceety intae a period o rapid growthe, increasin the population very much, an sicweys transformin it intae the lairgest ceety on the Wast Coast at the time. Efter three-quarters o the ceety wis destroyed bi the 1906 earthquake an fire,[16] San Francisco wis quickly rebuilt, hostin the Panama-Paceefic Internaitional Exposition nine years later. Durin Warld War II, San Francisco wis the port o embarkation for service members shippin oot tae the Paceefic Theater.[17] Efter the war, the confluence o returnin servicemen, massive immigration, leeberalizin attitudes, an ither factors led tae the Simmer o Love an the gay richts movement, cementin San Francisco as a centre o leeberal activism in the Unitit States.

The day, San Francisco is a popular internaitional tourist destination,[18] renouned for its chilly simmer fog, steep rollin hills, eclectic mix o Victorian an modren architecture an its famous laundmerks, includin the Golden Gate Bridge, cable caurs, an Chinatown. The ceety is an aa a principal bankin an finance center, an the hame tae mair nor 30 internaitional financial institutions,[19] helpin tae mak San Francisco aichteent place in the warld's top producin ceeties, nint in the Unitit States, an fifteent place in the tap twintie Global Financial Centers.


  1. "Don't Call It Frisco". San Francisco Examiner, San Francisco Chronicle. April 3, 1918. p. 6. Retrieved July 11, 2011. 
  2. Although many residents still maintain that the nickname "Frisco" is taboo, many residents, especially younger and working-class natives, have kept the term alive and well. In any case, this is a matter of ongoing debate that reflects certain cultural divisions within The City. Sullivan, James (October 14, 2003). "Frisco, that once-verboten term for the city by the bay, is making a comeback among the young and hip. Herb Caen is spinning at warp speed". San Francisco Chronicle. p. D-1. Retrieved June 12, 2008. 
  3. Some tourists refer to San Francisco as "Frisco." However, locals discourage this. Samuel D. Cohen writes that many credit "Friscophobia" to newspaper columnist Herb Caen, whose first book, published in 1953, was "Don't Call it Frisco" after a 1918 newspaper article of the same name. Caen was considered by many to be the recognized authority on what was, and what was not, beneath the city's dignity, and to him, Frisco was intolerable. Cohen, Sam (September 11, 1997). "Locals know best: only tourists call it 'Frisco'". Golden Gater Online. San Francisco State University. Retrieved July 13, 2008. 
  4. "PPIE: The City That Knows How". Amusing America. San Francisco Public Library. March 29, 2005. Retrieved June 14, 2008. 
  5. Caen, Herb (1949). Baghdad-by-the-Bay. Garden City, New York: Doubleday. ISBN 978-0-89174-047-6. OCLC 31060237. LC F869.S3 C12. 
  6. "The City". UnknownWW2InColor. UnknownWW2InColor (Ramano-Archives). 1939. Retrieved June 5, 2009. 
  7. "San Francisco: Government". Retrieved March 8, 2012. San Francisco was incorporated as a City on April 15th, 1850 by act of the Legislature. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 "GCT-PH1 – Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 – County – Census Tract". 2010 Unitit States Census Summary File 1. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 11, 2011. 
  9. "GCT-PL2 – Population and Housing Occupancy Status: 2010 – United States – Combined Statistical Area with Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Area Components; and for Puerto Rico". 2010 Unitit States Census Summary File 1. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 11, 2011. 
  10. "San Francisco city, Population Finder". US Census Bureau. Retrieved September 15, 2010. 
  11. "Board of Supervisors – Does San Francisco have a City Council?". SFGov SF311. Archived frae the oreeginal on July 26, 2010. Retrieved June 16, 2008. 
  12. "San Francisco County, California QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. Retrieved November 26, 2009. 
  13. After New York City, only for cities with greater than 200,000 population. Otherwise it is not 2nd."2000 Census: US Municipalities Over 50,000: Ranked by 2000 Density". Demographia. Retrieved August 23, 2007. 
  14. "Annual Estimates of the Population of Combined Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2008". US Census Bureau. Retrieved June 30, 2008. 
  15. Edward F. O'Day (October 1926). "The Founding of San Francisco". San Francisco Water. Spring Valley Water Authority. Retrieved February 14, 2009. 
  16. Montagne, Renée (April 11, 2006). "Remembering the 1906 San Francisco Earthquake". People & Places. National Public Radio. Retrieved June 13, 2008. 
  17. "Port of Embarkation Essay—World War II in the San Francisco Bay Area". A National Register of Historic Places Travel Itinerary:. US Department of the Interior. August 28, 2007. Retrieved June 22, 2011. 
  18. Top U.S. Destinations for International Visitors. The Hotel Price Index. Retrieved on April 12, 2014.
  19. "San Francisco: Economy". Advameg Inc. Retrieved June 15, 2008.