Open main menu
This airticle is aboot the U.S. state. For ither uisses, see California an Californie (disambiguation).

Californie is a state in the Unitit States o Americae, on the wast coast. Californie haes the maist indwallers o aa the States o the U.S., an is the third lairgest state bi aurie. The state is the maist physically, and ane of the maist demographically diverse forbye. If Californie wis an unthirlt kintra, it woud hae the 6t lairgest economy in the warld (efter the rest o the U.S., Japan, Germany, the Unitit Kinrick, an the Fowkrepublic o Cheenae). The state's offeecial byname is "The Golden State," hairkin back tae California's 1849 Gold Rush.

State of California
Banner o Californie State seal o Californie
Flag Seal
Nickname(s): The Golden State
Motto(s): Eureka[1]
Cairt o the Unitit States wi Californie heichlichtit
Offeecial leid Inglis
Demonym Californie
Caipital Sacramento
Lairgest ceety Los Angeles
Lairgest metro Greater Los Angeles Area
Aurie Ranked 3rd
 • Tot 163,696 sq mi
(423,970 km2)
 • Width 250 miles (400 km)
 • Lenth 770 miles (1,240 km)
 • % watter 4.7
 • Latitude 32° 32′ N tae 42° N
 • Longitude 114° 8′ W tae 124° 26′ W
Population Ranked 1st
 • Tot 38,340,000 (2014 est)[2]
 • Density 246/sq mi  (95.0/km2)
Ranked 11t
 • Median hoosehauld income US$61,021 (9t)
 • Heichest pynt Mount Whitney
14,505 ft (4,421.0 m)
 • Mean 2,900 ft  (880 m)
 • Lawest pynt Badwater Basin in Death Valley
−282 ft (−86.0 m)
Afore statehuid California Republic
Admission to Union 9 September 1850 (31st)
Govrenor Jerry Brown (D)
Lieutenant Governor Gavin Newsom (D)[3]
Legislatur California State Legislature
 • Upper hoose California State Senate
 • Lawer hoose California State Assembly
U.S. Senators Dianne Feinstein (D)
Kamala Harris (D)
U.S. Hoose delegation 38 Democrats, 15 Republicans (leet)
Time zones Paceefic Time Zone
 • Staundart time PST (UTC−8)
 • Summer time (DST) PDT (UTC−7)
ISO 3166 US-CA
Abbreviations CA, Calif., Cali.,


  1. "Government Code Section 420-429.8". State of California Legislative Council. Retrieved December 24, 2009. 
  3. Coté, John (December 31, 2010). "Lt. Gov.-elect Gavin Newsom to be sworn in by Jan. 10". San Francisco Chronicle. Hearst Newspapers. Retrieved January 3, 2010.