This airticle is aboot the U.S. state. For ither uisses, see California an Californie (disambiguation).

Californie is a state in the Unitit States o Americae, on the wast coast. Californie haes the maist indwallers o aa the States o the U.S., an is the third lairgest state bi aurie. The state is the maist physically, and ane of the maist demographically diverse forbye. If Californie wis an unthirlt kintra, it woud hae the 6t lairgest economy in the warld (efter the rest o the U.S., Japan, Germany, the Unitit Kinrick, an the Fowkrepublic o Cheenae). The state's offeecial byname is "The Gowden State," hairkin back tae California's 1849 Gowd Rush.

State o Californie
Banner o Californie State seal o Californie
Flag Seal
Nickname(s): The Gowden State
Motto(s): Eureka[1]
Cairt o the Unitit States wi Californie heichlichtit
Offeecial leidInglis
Spoken leidsLeid spoken at home[2]
Lairgest ceetyLos Angeles
Lairgest metroGreater Los Angeles Area
AurieRanked 3rd
 • Tot163,696 sq mi
(423,970 km2)
 • Width250 miles (400 km)
 • Lenth770 miles (1,240 km)
 • % watter4.7
 • Latitude32° 32′ N tae 42° N
 • Longitude114° 8′ W tae 124° 26′ W
PopulationRanked 1st
 • Tot38,340,000 (2014 est)[3]
 • Density246/sq mi  (95.0/km2)
Ranked 11t
 • Median hoosehauld incomeUS$61,021 (9t)
 • Heichest pyntMount Whitney
14,505 ft (4,421.0 m)
 • Mean2,900 ft  (880 m)
 • Lawest pyntBadwater Basin in Death Valley
−282 ft (−86.0 m)
Afore statehuidCalifornia Republic
Admission to Union9 September 1850 (31st)
GovrenorGavin Newsom (D)
Lieutenant GovernorEleni Kounalakis (D)
LegislaturCalifornia State Legislature
 • Upper hooseCalifornia State Senate
 • Lawer hooseCalifornia State Assembly
U.S. SenatorsDianne Feinstein (D)
Kamala Harris (D)
U.S. Hoose delegation46 Democrats
7 Republicans (leet)
Time zonesPaceefic Time Zone
 • Staundart timePST (UTC−8)
 • Summer time (DST)PDT (UTC−7)
AbbreviationsCA, Calif., Cali.,


  1. "Government Code Section 420-429.8". State of California Legislative Council. Retrieved December 24, 2009.
  2. "Languages in California (State)". Statistical Atlas. Archived frae the oreeginal on August 15, 2018. Retrieved August 15, 2018.