New Sooth Wales

New Sooth Wales (abbreviatit as NSW), is Australie's maist populous state, an is locatit in the sooth-east o the kintra, north o Victoria, sooth o Queensland, east o Sooth Australie, wast o Jervis Bay Territory an encompasses the whole o the Australian Caipital Territory. The colony o New Sooth Wales wis foondit in 1788 an oreeginally comprised muckle o the Australian mainland, as well as Van Diemen's Land, Lord Howe Island an Norfolk Island in addition tae the aurie currently referred tae as the state o New Sooth Wales, which wis formed during the Federation in 1901.

New Sooth Wales
alt text for flag alt text for coat of arms
Flag Coat o airms
Slogan or elk-nameThe First State
The Premier State
Motto(s)Orta Recens Quam Pura Nites
(Newly Risen, How Brightly You Shine)
Map o Australie wi New Sooth Wales hielichtit
Ither Australie states an territories
Coordinates32°S 147°E / 32°S 147°E / -32; 147
Caipital ceetySydney
DemonymNew Sooth Welshman[1][2]
GovrenmentConstitutional monarchy
 • GovrenorMargaret Beazley
 • PremierDominic Perrottet (LP)
Australie state 
 • Established as Colony26 Januar 1788
 • Responsible govrenment6 Juin 1856
 • Became Australie state1 Januar 1901
 • Australie Act3 Mairch 1986
 • Total809,444 km² (5t)
312,528 sq mi
 • Laund800,642 km²
309,130 sq mi
 • Watter8,802 km² (1.09%)
3,398 sq mi
(Mairch 2016)[3]
 • Population7,704,300 (1st)
 • Densitie9.62/km² (3rd)
24.9 /sq mi
 • Heichest pointMount Kosciuszko
2,228 m (7,310 ft)
Gross state product
 • Product ($m)$486,482[4] (1st)
 • Product per caipita$67,841 (3rd)
Time zone(s)UTC+10 (AEST)
UTC+9:30 (ACST)
(Broken Hill)
UTC+10:30 (ACDT)
(Broken Hill)
UTC+10:30 (LHST)
(Lord Howe Island)
UTC+11:00 (LHDT)
(Lord Howe Island)
Federal representation 
 • Hoose seats48/150
 • Senate seats12/76
 • PostalNSW
 • ISO 3166-2AU-NSW
 • FloralWaratah
(Telopea speciosissima)[5]
 • AinimalPlatypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
 • BirdKookaburra
(Dacelo gigas)
 • FishBlue groper
(Achoerodus viridis)
 • Mineral or gemstaneBlack Opal
 • FossilMandageria fairfaxi
 • ColoursSky blue
(Pantone 291)[6]

When Breetain annexed New Zealand in 1840, it briefly became a pairt o New Sooth Wales.[9] Durin the 19t century lairge auries wur successively separatit tae form the Breetish colonies o Tasmanie (established as a separate colony named Van Diemen's Land in 1825), Sooth Australie (1836), Victoria (1851) an Queensland (1859).

Inhabitants o New Sooth Wales are referred tae as New Sooth Welsh or New Sooth Welshmen. New Sooth Wales's lairgest ceety an caipital is Sydney.

New Sooth Wales conteens ane third (33%) o Australie's population.


  1. "The origin of the term 'cockroach'". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 13 Juin 2012. Retrieved 29 Januar 2013.
  2. Jopson, Debra (23 Mey 2012). "Origin of the species: what a state we're in". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 29 Januar 2013.
  3. "3101.0 – Australian Demographic Statistics, Sep 2016". Australian Bureau of Statistics. 6 October 2016. Retrieved 22 September 2016.
  4. "5220.0 - Australian National Accounts: State Accounts, 2014-15". Retrieved 17 Julie 2016.
  5. "Floral Emblem of New South Wales". Retrieved 23 Januar 2013.
  6. "New South Wales". Parliament@Work. Archived frae the original on 26 December 2018. Retrieved 22 Januar 2013.
  7. "New South Wales". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geografical Names Buird o New Sooth Wales. Retrieved 9 December 2013.
  8. "NSW State Flag & Emblems". NSW Government. Archived frae the original on 18 September 2015. Retrieved 5 October 2015. Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (help)
  9. A.H. McLintock (ed), An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand”, 3 vols, Wellington, NZ:R.E. Owen, Government Printer, 1966, vol 3 p. 526.