Boston (pronooncit /ˈbɒstən/ ( listen)) is the caipital o an lairgest ceety in Massachusetts, an is ane o the auldest ceeties in the Unitit States. The lairgest ceety in New Ingland, Boston is regardit as the unoffeecial "Caipital o New Ingland" for its economic an cultural impact on the entire New Ingland region.[9] The ceety proper haed a 2009 estimatit population o 645,169, makin it the twintiet lairgest in the kintra.[3] Boston is an aa the anchor o a substantially lairger metropolitan aurie cried Greater Boston, hame tae 4.5 million fowk an the tent-lairgest metropolitan aurie in the kintra.[6] Greater Boston as a commutin region includes sax Massachusetts coonties: Essex, Middlesex, Norfolk, Suffolk, Plymouth, Worcester,[10] northren Bristol Coonty, aw o Rhode Island an pairts o New Hampshire; it is hame tae 7.6 million fowk, makkin it the fift-lairgest Combined Statistical Aurie in the Unitit States.[7][11]

Boston
Ceety
City of Boston
St. Paul Street MBTA station, Boston MA.jpg
Banner o Boston
Banner
Official seal of Boston
Seal
Eik-name(s): 
Beantown,[1] The Hub,[1] The Cradle of Liberty,[2] The Cradle of Modern America,[1] The Athens of America,[2] The Walking City[1]
Motto(s): 
Sicut patribus sit Deus nobis (Latin "As God wis wi oor faithers, so mey He be wi us")
Location in Massachusetts heichlichtit in reid. The remainder o Suffolk Coonty is heichlichtit in pink.
Location in Massachusetts heichlichtit in reid. The remainder o Suffolk Coonty is heichlichtit in pink.
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Coordinates: 42°21′29″N 71°03′49″W / 42.35806°N 71.06361°W / 42.35806; -71.06361Coordinates: 42°21′29″N 71°03′49″W / 42.35806°N 71.06361°W / 42.35806; -71.06361
Kintra Unitit States
Historic KintrasKinrick o Ingland, Kinrick o Great Breetain
State Massachusetts
Historic ColonyProvince o Massachusetts Bay
CoontySuffolk
Settled (toun)7 September 1630 (date o namin, O.S.)
Incorporatit (ceety)4 Mairch 1822
Govrenment
 • TeepStrang mayor – cooncil
 • MayorThomas M. Menino (D), tae be succeedit bi Marty Walsh (D)
 • CooncilBoston City Council
Area
 • Ceety232 km2 (90 sq mi)
 • Laund125 km2 (48 sq mi)
 • Water107 km2 (41 sq mi)
 • Urban
4600 km2 (1770 sq mi)
 • Metro
11700 km2 (4500 sq mi)
 • CSA27600 km2 (10600 sq mi)
Elevation
43 m (141 ft)
Population
 • Ceety636,479 (US: 21st)
 • Density4980/km2 (12,900/sq mi)
 • Urban
4,180,000 (US: 10th)
 • Metro
4,590,000 (US: 10t)
 • CSA
7600000 (US: 6t)
 • Demonym
Bostonian
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code(s)
Area code(s)617 and 857
FIPS code25-07000
GNIS feature ID0617565
Websitecityofboston.gov

Sister ceetiesEedit

Boston haes aicht offeecial sister ceeties as recognised bi Sister Cities International.[12] The date column indicates the year in which the relationship wis established. Kyoto wis Boston's first sister ceety.

Ceety Kintra Date References
Kyoto   Japan 1959 [13]
Strasbourg   Fraunce 1960 [14][15]
Barcelona   Spain 1980 [16][17]
Hangzhou   Fowkrepublic o Cheenae 1982 [12]
Padua   Italy 1983 [18]
Melbourne   Australie 1985

[19]

Taipei   Republic o Cheenae (Taiwan) 1996 [20]
Sekondi-Takoradi   Ghana 2001 [12]

Boston an aa haes less formal friendship or pairtnership relationships wi a additional three ceeties.

Ceety Kintra Date References
Boston, Lincolnshire   Unitit Kinrick 1999 [21][22]
Haifa   Israel 1999 [23]
Valladolid   Spain 2007 [24]

ReferencesEedit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Dalager, Norman (10 August 2006). "What's in a nickname?". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 8 Apryle 2009.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Wechter 2009, p. 14.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Population and Housing Occupancy Status: 2010 – State – County Subdivision, 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 23 Mairch 2011.
  4. "State & County QuickFacts – Boston (city), Massachusetts". United States Census Bureau. 10 Januar 2013. Retrieved 5 Februar 2013.
  5. "Alphabetically sorted list of Census 2000 Urbanized Areas" (TXT). United States Census Bureau, Geography Division. Retrieved 11 Apryle 2009.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Metropolitan and micropolitan statistical area population and estimated components of change: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2008 (CBSA-EST2008-alldata)" (CSV). United States Census Bureau, Population Division. Retrieved 11 Apryle 2009.
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Combined statistical area population and estimated components of change: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2008 (CSA-EST2008-alldata)" (CSV). United States Census Bureau, Population Division. Retrieved 11 Apryle 2009.
  8. "ZIP Code Lookup – Search By City". United States Postal Service. Retrieved 20 Apryle 2009.
  9. Steinbicker, Earl (2000). 50 one day adventures—Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Vermont, Maine, and New Hampshire. Hastings House/Daytrips Publishers. p. 7. ISBN 0-8038-2008-9.
  10. "Boston Worcester Manchester Demographic Profile: Region 19". Federal Transit Administration. 31 Januar 2007. Retrieved 30 August 2010. 21 pp.
  11. "Boston-Worcester-Manchester, MA-RI-NH Combined Statistical Area" (PDF). U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Economics and Statistics Administration U.S. Census Bureau. 2007. Retrieved 20 Juin 2009. Included in the CSA: MA counties: Bristol, Essex, Middlesex, Norfolk, Plymouth, Suffolk and Worcester; NH counties: Belknap, Hillsborough, Merrimack, Rockingham and Strafford; RI counties (entire state): Bristol, Kent, Newport, Providence and Washington (South County)
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 "Boston Sister Cities". The City of Boston. Retrieved 5 Apryle 2009.
  13. "Sister and Other Associated Cities". Kyoto City Web. City of Kyoto. Retrieved 5 Apryle 2009.
  14. "Twinning, cooperation and international solidarity" (in French). Strasbourg.eu. Retrieved 5 Apryle 2009.
  15. "Boston Strasbourg Sister City Association". Boston-Strasbourg Sister City Association (BSSCA). Retrieved 5 Apryle 2009.
  16. "Twinning agreements – Boston". Barcelona City Council. Retrieved 5 Apryle 2009.
  17. "Barcelona internacional - Ciutats agermanades" (in Spanish). © 2006–2009 Ajuntament de Barcelona. Retrieved 13 Julie 2009. freemit airtin in |publisher= (help)CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  18. "The twin cities of Padua". Padovanet (in Italian). Comune di Padova. 4 Juin 2008. Retrieved 5 Apryle 2009.
  19. "Sister cities – Boston". City of Melbourne. Retrieved 5 Apryle 2009.
  20. "International Sister Cities". Taipei City Council. Retrieved 5 Apryle 2009.
  21. "Town twinning". Boston Borough Council. Retrieved 5 Apryle 2009.
  22. "Partnership of the Historic Bostons". Partnership of the Historic Bostons. Retrieved 5 Apryle 2009.
  23. "Boston" (in Hebrew). Haifa Municipality. Retrieved 5 Apryle 2009.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  24. Press Office of the Municipality of Valladolid (18 September 2007). "Valladolid and Boston have signed a protocol of friendship between the two cities" (in Spanish). Ayuntamiento de Valladolid. Retrieved 5 Apryle 2009.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)