Constantinople /ˌkɒnstæntɪˈnpəl/[1] (Greek: Κωνσταντινούπολις Kōnstantinoúpolis (Aboot this soondpronunciation ); Laitin: Cōnstantīnopolis) wis the caipital ceety o the Roman Empire (330–395), o the Byzantine Empire (395–1204 an 1261–1453), o the brief Crusader state kent as the Laitin Empire (1204–1261) an o the Ottoman Empire (1453–1923). In 1923 the caipital of Turkey, the successor state o the Ottoman Empire, wis muivit tae Ankara an the name Constantinople wis offeecially chyngit tae Istanbul; the ceety is still referred tae as Constantinople in Greek-speakin sources. The ceety is locatit in wha is nou the European side an the core o modren Istanbul.

Constantinople
Greek: Κωνσταντινούπολις
Laitin: Constantinopolis
Byzantine Constantinople-en.png
Map o Constantinople, correspondin tae the modren-day Fatih destrict o Istanbul
Alternate nameByzantion (earlier Greek name), Miklagard/Miklagarth (Old Norse), Tsarigrad (Slavic), Basileuousa ("Queen of Cities"), Megalopolis ("the Great City")
LocationIstanbul, Istanbul Province, Turkey
RegionThrace
Coordinates41°00′50″N 28°57′20″E / 41.01389°N 28.95556°E / 41.01389; 28.95556Coordinates: 41°00′50″N 28°57′20″E / 41.01389°N 28.95556°E / 41.01389; 28.95556
TeepImperial ceety
Aurie6 km2 (2.3 sq mi) enclosed within Constantinian Walls 14 km2 (5.4 sq mi) enclosed within Theodosian Walls
History
BiggerConstantine the Great
Foondit11 Mey 330
PeriodsLate antiquity tae Late Middle Ages
CultursRoman, Byzantine

ReferencesEedit

  1. Roach, Peter (2011). Cambridge English Pronouncing Dictionary (18th ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-15253-2.