Armeinie

muntainous kintra in Eurasie atween the Black Sea an the Caspian Sea
(Reguidit frae Armenie)

Coordinates: 40°N 45°E / 40°N 45°E / 40; 45

Armenie, offeecially the Republic o Armenie (Armenie: Հայաստան Hayastan, Հայք Haykh) is a muntainous kintra in Eurasie atween the Black Sea an the Caspian Sea. It haes laund mairches wi Turkey til the wast, Georgie tae the north, Azerbaijan tae the east an Iran tae the sooth. It uised tae be ane o the auld republics o the umwhile Soviet Union. the offeecial leid o armenie is the armenie leid

Republic o Armenie

Հայաստանի Հանրապետություն
Hayastani Hanrapetut’yun
Anthem
Մեր Հայրենիք
Mer Hayrenik
"Our Fatherland"
Location o Armenie
Caipital
and largest city
Yerevan
40°11′N 44°31′E / 40.183°N 44.517°E / 40.183; 44.517
Offeecial leidsArmenie[1]
Recognised naitional leidsArmenie, Assyrian, Greek, Kurdish an Roushie
Spoken an written leid
Eastren Armenie[2][3]
Armenie alphabeta
Ethnic groups
Demonym(s)Armenie
GovrenmentUnitary semi-presidential republic[6]
• Preses
Vahagn Khachaturyan (Վահագն Խաչատուրյան)
Nikol Pashinyan (Նիկոլ Փաշինյան)
Alen Simonyan (Ալեն Սիմոնյան)
LegislaturNaitional Assembly
Formation an unthirldom
• Tradeetional date
2492 BC
1500–1290 BC
14t century–1190 BC
• Urartu[9]
860–590 BC
6t century BC
190 BC[10]
52–428
885–1045
1198–1375

28 Mey 1918
• Unthirldom frae Soviet Union
23 August 1990b
21 September 1991c
26 December 1991d
Aurie
• Total
29,743 km2 (11,484 sq mi) (138th)
• Water (%)
4.71[12]
Population
• Q1 2021 estimate
Template:DecreaseNeutral 2,963,900[13] (137th)
• 2011 census
Template:DecreaseNeutral 3,018,854[14][15]
• Density
101.5/km2 (262.9/sq mi) (99th)
GDP (PPP)2021 estimate
• Total
$43.550 billion[16]
• Per capita
$14,701[16]
GDP (nominal)2021 estimate
• Tot
$13.612 billion[16] (127th)
• Per capita
$4,595[16] (104th)
Gini (2019)positive decrease 29.9[17]
law
HDI (2019)Increase 0.776[18]
heich · 81st
CurrencyDram (֏) (AMD)
Time zoneUTC+4 (AMT)
Drivin sideright
Cawin code+374
ISO 3166 codeAM
Internet TLD.am .հայ
  1. Reformed orthografie.[19]
  2. Declared sovereignty.
  3. Declared unthirldom via an Referendum
  4. Unthirldom wis offeecially widely recognised efter the dissolution o the Soviet Union. The current constitution wis adoptit on 5 Julie 1995.


ReferencesEedit

  1. "The Constitution of the Republic of Armenia (with amendments)". Constitutional Court of the Republic of Armenia. 5 Julie 1995. Retrieved 14 October 2012.
  2. Campbell, George L.; King, Gareth (2013). Compendium of the World's Languages (3rd ed.). New York: Routledge. p. 115. ISBN 978-1-136-25846-6. ...Eastern Armenian is the written and spoken language of the Republic of Armenia.
  3. Dalby, Andrew (1998). Dictionary of Languages: The Definitive Reference to More Than 400 Languages. New York: Columbia University Press. p. 36. ISBN 978-0-231-11568-1. ...Eastern Armenian of the Present Republic of Armenia...
  4. Asatryan, Garnik; Arakelova, Victoria (Yerevan 2002). The Ethnic Minorities in Armenia. Pairt o the OSCE. Archived copy at WebCite (16 April 2010).
  5. Meenistry o Cultur o Armenie [mincult.am/datas/media/azg.poqr.%20ev%20xorhurd%20mshak.nax.%20(1).doc The ethnic minorities in Armenia. Brief information]. As per the maist recent census in 2011. [1]
  6. "National Assembly of the Republic of Armenia – Official Web Site – parliament.am".
  7. Lang, David Marshall. Armenia: Cradle of Civilization. London: Allen and Unwin, 1970, p. 114. ISBN 0-04-956007-7.
  8. Redgate, Anna Elizabeth. The Armenians. Cornwall: Blackwell, 1998, pp. 16–19, 23, 25, 26 (map), 30–32, 38, 43 ISBN 0-631-22037-2.
  9. Redgate, A. E. (2000). The Armenians (Reprint ed.). Oxford: Blackwell. p. 5. ISBN 0-631-22037-2. However, the most easily identifiable ancestors of the later Armenian nation are the Urartians.
  10. Encyclopedia Americana: Ankara to Azusa. Scholastic Library Publishing. 2005. p. 393. It was named for Artaxias, a general of Antiochus the Great, who founded the kingdom of Armenia about 190 B.C.
  11. de Laet, Sigfried J.; Herrmann, Joachim, eds. (1996). History of Humanity: From the seventh century B.C. to the seventh century A.D. (1st ed.). London: Routledge. p. 128. ISBN 9789231028120. The ruler of the part known as Greater Armenia, Artaxias (Artashes), the founder of a new dynasty, managed to unite the country...
  12. "The World Fact Book – Armenia". Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 17 Julie 2010.
  13. "Statistics". Retrieved 2 Julie 2021.
  14. "Statistical Service of Armenia" (PDF). Armstat. Archived (PDF) frae the original on 10 October 2017. Retrieved 20 Februar 2014.
  15. "Armenia Population". countrymeters.info. Archived frae the original on 26 Juin 2015. Retrieved 24 Juin 2015.
  16. a b c d "World Economic Outlook Database, October 2021". IMF.org. International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 3 Januar 2022.
  17. "GINI index (World Bank estimate) - Armenia". World Bank. Archived frae the original on 21 November 2018. Retrieved 17 Juin 2021.
  18. Human Development Report 2020 The Next Frontier: Human Development and the Anthropocene (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 15 December 2020. pp. 343–346. ISBN 978-92-1-126442-5. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
  19. Dum-Tragut, Jasmine (2009). Armenian: Modern Eastern Armenian. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing. p. 12. ISBN 9789027238146. The orthography used in Armenia nowadays goes back to the Soviet orthography reform of 1922 and its revision of 1940.

Fremmit airtinsEedit