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Yerevan (Armenie: Երևան or Երեւան, Armenian pronunciation: [jɛɾɛˈvɑn]) is the caipital an lairgest ceety o Armenie an ane o the warld's auldest continuously-inhabitit ceeties. Situatit alang the Hrazdan River, Yerevan is the admeenistrative, cultural, an industrial centre o the kintra. It haes been the caipital syne 1918, the thirteent in the history o Armenie.

Yerevan

Երևան
Ceety
Yerevan skyline wi Munt Ararat in the backgrund
Yerevan skyline wi Munt Ararat in the backgrund
Banner o Yerevan
Banner
Offeecial seal o Yerevan
Seal
Yerevan is locatit in Armenie
Yerevan
Yerevan
Location o Yerevan in Armenie
Coordinates: 40°11′N 44°31′E / 40.183°N 44.517°E / 40.183; 44.517Coordinates: 40°11′N 44°31′E / 40.183°N 44.517°E / 40.183; 44.517
KintraArmenie
Established782 BC
Govrenment
 • MayorKaren Karapetyan
Area
 • Total300 km2 (100 sq mi)
Elevation
989.4 m (3,246.1 ft)
Population
 (2009)
 • Tot1,119,000
 • Density4,896/km2 (12,680/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+4 (GMT+4)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+5 (GMT+5)
Aurie code(s)+374 10
Wabsteidwww.yerevan.am
Sources: Yerevan city area [1] Sources: City population [2]

The history o Yerevan dates back tae the 8t century BC, wi the foondin o the fortress o Erebuni in 782 BC bi keeng Argishti I at the wastren extreme o the Ararat plain.[3] Efter Warld War I, Yerevan became the caipital o the Democratic Republic o Armenie as thoosans o survivors o the Armenie Genocide settled in the aurie. The ceety expandit rapidly durin the 20t century as Armenie became ane o the fifteen republics in the Soviet Union. In fiftie years, Yerevan wis transformed frae a toun o a few thoosan residents athin the Roushie Empire, tae Armenie's principal cultural, airtistic, an industrial center, as well as becomin the seat o naitional govrenment.

Wi the growthe o the economy o the kintra, Yerevan haes been unnergoin major transformation as mony pairts o the ceety hae been the recipient o new construction syne the early 2000s, an retail ootlets sic as restaurants, shops an street cafes, which wur rare durin Soviet times, hae multiplied.

In 2009, the population o Yerevan wis estimatit tae be 1,119,000 fowk wi the agglomeration aroond the ceety regroupin 1,245,700 fowk (2007 offeecial estimate),[4] mair nor a third o aw the population o Armenie.

SportsEedit

The maist played an popular sport in Yerevan is fitbaa. Yerevan haes mony fitbaa clubs wi five in the 2010 saison o the Armenian Premier League.

Club Stadium
FC Banants Banants Stadium
Kilikia FC Hrazdan Stadium
Mika FC Mika Stadium
Pyunik FC Republican Stadium
Ulisses FC Hrazdan Stadium

Yerevan haes fower major stadiums which are Banants Stadium, Mika Stadium, Republican Stadium an Hrazdan Stadium, alang wi twa sma anes; Nairi Stadium an Erebuni Stadium. Hrazdan is the main an biggest stadium which an aa hooses a sports complex that is componed o boxin an karate trainin facilities, soummin puil, basketbaw arena an tennis courts.

The biggest indoor arena o the ceety an the whole kintra is the Karen Demirchyan Sports an Concerts Complex, which is maistly uised for Figure Skatin shows an concerts.

Armenie haes aye excelled in chess wi its players bein vera aften amang the heichest ranked an decoratit. The heidquarters o the Armenian Chess Federation is locatit in the Kentron (central destrict) in Yerevan an thare exists plenty o chess clubs in the ceety. In 1996, despite a severe economic crisis, Yerevan hostit the 32nt Chess Olympiad.[5] In 2006, the fower members frae Yerevan o the Armenie chess team wan the 37t Chess Olympiad in Turin an repeatit the feat at the 38t Chess Olympiad in Dresden. The Yerevan-born leader o this team, Levon Aronian, is currently ane o the warld's tap chess players an is nummer sax on the Aprile 2008 FIDE rankins.

Internaitional relationsEedit

Yerevan is member o 6 internaitional organisations: the "International Assembly of CIS Countries' Capitals an Big Cities" (MAG), the "Black Sea Capitals' Association" (BSCA), the "International Association of Francophone Mayors"[6] (AIMF), the "Organization of World Heritage Cities" (OWHC), the "International Association of Large-scale Communities" an the "International Urban Community Lighting Association" (LUCI).

Twin touns — sister ceetiesEedit

Currently, Yerevan haes thirty seester an pairtner ceeties.[7]

Ceety Kintra Year
Carrara   Italy Syne 1965
Podgorica   Montenegro Syne 1974
Antananarivo   Madagascar Syne 1981
Cambridge, MA   Unitit States Syne 1987[8][9]
Marseille   Fraunce Syne 1992
Athens   Greece Syne 1993
Lyon   Fraunce Syne 1993[10]
Stavropol   Roushie Syne 1994
Isfahan   Iran Syne 1995
Kiev   Ukraine Syne 1995
Moscow   Roushie Syne 1995
Odessa   Ukraine Syne 1995
Florence   Italy Syne 1996
Tbilisi   Georgie Syne 1996
Beirut   Lebanon Syne 1997
Damascus   Sirie Syne 1997
Saunt Petersburg   Roushie Syne 1997
Paris   Fraunce Syne 1998
Montreal   Canadae Syne 1998
Volgograd   Roushie Syne 1998
Bratislava   Slovakie Syne 2001[11]
Minsk   Belaroushie Syne 2002
São Paulo   Brazil Syne 2002[12][13]
Chişinău   Moldovae Syne 2005
Rostov-on-Don   Roushie Syne 2005
Rio de Janeiro   Brazil Syne 2007
Los Angeles   Unitit States Syne 2007
Nice   Fraunce Syne 2007[14]
Delhi   Indie Syne 2008
Sofia   Bulgarie Syne 2008
Shanghai   Cheenae Syne 2009
Beijing   Cheenae Syne 2011
Venice   Italy Syne 2011

ReferencesEedit

  1. Armstat Yerevan
  2. "Armenia's Population" (PDF). 
  3. Katsenelinboĭgen, Aron (1990). The Soviet Union: Empire, Nation and Systems. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers. p. 143. ISBN 0887383327. 
  4. "Population of each district in Yerevan according to the city's official website". Yerevan.am. Retrieved 2010-07-02. 
  5. "32nd Chess Olympiad: Yerevan 1996". Retrieved 2008-05-01. 
  6. "AIMF: Liste des membres". 
  7. "Yerevan expanding its international relations" (in Armenian). © 2005-2009 www.yerevan.am. Retrieved 2010-09-14.  Freemit airtin in |publisher= (help)
  8. "A Message from the Peace Commission: Information on Cambridge's Sister Cities," 15 February 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-12.
  9. Richard Thompson. "Looking to strengthen family ties with 'sister cities'," Boston Globe, 12 October 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-12.
  10. "Partner Cities of Lyon and Greater Lyon". © 2008 Mairie de Lyon. Retrieved 2009-07-17. 
  11. "Bratislava City - Twin Towns". © 2003-2008 Bratislava-City.sk. Retrieved 2008-10-26. 
  12. Prefeitura.Sp - Descentralized Cooperation[deid airtin]
  13. "International Relations - São Paulo City Hall - Official Sister Cities". Prefeitura.sp.gov.br. Retrieved 2010-07-02. 
  14. "Yerevan official web: Sister cities: Nice".