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Coordinates: 35°N 38°E / 35°N 38°E / 35; 38

Sirie Arab Republic
الجمهورية العربية السورية (Arabic)
al-Jumhūrīyah al-ʻArabīyah as-Sūrīyah
Anthem: "حماة الديار" (Arabic)
Humat ad-Diyar
Gairdians o the Hameland
Location o Sirie
Location o Sirie
and largest city
33°30′N 36°18′E / 33.500°N 36.300°E / 33.500; 36.300
Offeecial leids Arabic
Ethnic groups
Releegion 87% Islam
10% Christianity
3% Druzism[1]Template:Update inline
Govrenment Unitary dominant-party semi-presidential republic[2]
• Preses
Bashar al-Assad
Imad Khamis
Hammouda Sabbagh
Legislatur Fowk's Cooncil
• Proclamation o Arab Kinrick o Sirie
8 Mairch 1920
• State o Sirie established unner French Mandate
1 December 1924
• Sirie Republic established bi merger o States o Jabal Druze, Alawites an Sirie
• Unthirldom (Jynt UN / French Mandate endit)
24 October 1945
• Last French
truips leave
17 Apryle 1946
28 September 1961
8 Mairch 1963
27 Februar 2012
• Total
185,180[3] km2 (71,500 sq mi) (87th)
• Water (%)
• July 2014 estimate
17,064,854[4] (54t)
• Density
118.3/km2 (306.4/sq mi) (101st)
GDP (PPP) 2010 estimate
• Total
$107.831 billion[5]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal) 2010 estimate
• Tot
$59.957 billion[5]
• Per capita
Gini (2014) 55.8[6]
HDI (2016) Decrease 0.536[7]
law · 149t
Currency Sirie pound (SYP)
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
• Summer (DST)
Drivin side right
Cawin code +963
ISO 3166 code SY
Internet TLD .sy

Sirie, offeecially the Sirie Arab Republic (Arabic: الجمهورية العربية السورية‎), is a kintra in Wastren Asie, borderin Lebanon an the Mediterranean Sea tae the wast, Turkey tae the north, Iraq tae the east, Jordan tae the sooth, an Israel tae the soothwast.

Admeenistrative diveesionsEedit

Sirie is dividit intae fowerteen govrenorates, or muhafazat (singular: muhafazah). The govrenorates are dividit intae a total o saxty destricts, or manatiq (sing. mintaqah), which are further dividit intae sub-destricts, or nawahi (sing. nahiya).

A govrenor, whose appointment is proposed bi the meenister o the interior, approved bi the cabinet, an annoonced bi executive decree, heids each govrenorate. The govrenor is assistit bi an electit provincial cooncil.

The caipital Damascus is the seicont lairgest ceety in Sirie, an the metropolitan aurie is a govrenorate on its awn. Aleppo (population 1,671,673) in northren Sirie, the lairgest ceety, is an' a' a major industrial, urban an cultural center. Aleppo's auld toun haes been designatit bi the UNESCO as a Warld Heritage Steid. Latakia (population 554,000) alang wi Tartus are Sirie's main ports on the Mediterranean sea. Ither major ceeties include Hama (population 696,863) in central o Sirie, Homs (population 1,033,000) in the sooth o Hama an Deir ez-Zor (population 230,000) on the Euphrates river in eastren Sirie.


  1. "Background Note: Syria". United States Department of State, Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs, May 2007. 
  2. "Constitution of Syria 2012". Scribd. 15 February 2012. Retrieved 25 January 2013. 
  3. "Syrian ministry of foreign affairs". Archived frae the oreeginal on 2012-05-11. 
  4. "The World Factbook". CIA. Retrieved 24 July 2014. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 "Syria". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 22 April 2012. 
  6. "World Bank GINI index". World Bank. Retrieved 22 January 2013. 
  7. "2015 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2015. Retrieved 15 December 2015.