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Toulouse (pronoonced [tuluz] ( listen) in staundart French an [tuˈluzə] ( listen) wi a Toulouse accent; Occitan: Tolosa, pronounced [tuˈluzɔ], primarily Tholoza) is a ceety in soothwast Fraunce on the banks o the River Garonne, 590 km (366 mi) away frae Paris an hauf-way atween the Atlantic Ocean an the Mediterranean Sea. Wi 1,250,251 inhabitants as of Januar 2011,[3] the Toulouse metropolitan aurie is the fowert-lairgest in Fraunce, efter Paris (12 million), Lyon (1.8 million), an Marseille (1.7 million).

Coat o airms o Toulouse
Coat o airms
Motto(s): Per Tolosa totjorn mai.
(Occitan for "For Toulouse, always more")
Kintra Fraunce
Region Languedoc-Roussillon-Midi-Pyrénées
Depairtment Haute-Garonne
Arrondissement Toulouse
Intercommunality Grand Toulouse
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Pierre Cohen (PS)
 • Urban (2010) 811.60 km2 (313.36 sq mi)
 • Metro (2010) 5,381.49 km2 (2,077.80 sq mi)
 • Land1 118.3 km2 (45.7 sq mi)
Population (Jan. 2012[1])2 461,190
 • Rank 4t in Fraunce
 • Urban (Jan. 2011) 892,115[2]
 • Metro (Jan. 2011) 1,250,251[3]
INSEE/Postal code 31555

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population withoot dooble coontin: residents o multiple communes (e.g., students an militar personnel) anly coonted ance.

Toulouse is ane o the bases o the European aerospace industry, wi the heidquarters o Airbus, Galileo positionin seestem, the SPOT satellite seestem, an CNES's Toulouse Space Centre (CST), the lairgest space centre in Europe.[4] Thales Alenia Space, Europe's lairgest satellite manufacturer, an Astrium Satellites, EADS's satellite seestem subsidiary, an aa hae a significant presence in Toulouse. Its warld renowned university is ane o the auldest in Europe (foondit in 1229) an, wi mair than 97,000 students, is wi Lille the third-lairgest university campus o Fraunce efter Paris an Lyon.[5]

Toulouse wis the caipital o the umwhile province o Languedoc (provinces wur abolished durin the French Revolution). It is nou the Chef-lieu o the Midi-Pyrénées region, the lairgest region in metropolitan Fraunce. It is an' a' the Chef-lieu o the Haute-Garonne depairtment.

Internaitional relationsEedit

Twin touns — Sister ceetiesEedit

Toulouse is twinned wi:

  Atlanta, Georgie, Unitit States
  Bologna, Italy
  Bristol, Ingland, Unitit Kinrick
  Chongqing, Cheenae
  Elche, Spain
  Kiev, Ukraine
  Tel Aviv, Israel
  Rosario, Argentina

Toulouse an aa haes accords o cooperation wi the follaein touns:

  Bydgoszcz, Poland
  Düsseldorf, Germany
  Hanoi, Vietnam
  N'Djamena, Chad
  Saint-Louis, Senegal
  São José dos Campos, Brazil
  Zaragoza, Spain

In addition, Toulouse haes an adoption ceety:

  Câmpia Turzii, Romanie