Coordinates: 29°33′30″N 106°34′00″E / 29.55833°N 106.56667°E / 29.55833; 106.56667

Chongqing (Cheenese: ; pinyin: Chóngqìng; Sichuanese Pinyin: Cong2qin4; Sichuanese pronunciation: [tsʰoŋ˨˩tɕʰin˨˩˦]; Postal map spellin: Chungking) is a major ceety in soothwestern mainland Cheenae an ane o the five naitional central ceeties. Admeenistratively, it is ane o the Fowkrepublic o Cheenae's fower direct-controlled municipalities (the ither three are Beijing, Shanghai an Tianjin), an the ae such municipality in wastren Cheenae.

Location o Chongqing Municipality athin Cheenae

The municipality wis creatit on 14 Mairch 1997, succeedin the sub-provincial ceety admeenistration that wis pairt o Sichuan Province. In 2007, the municipality o Chongqing haed a population o 31.4 million.[1] It haes jurisdiction ower 19 destricts, 17 coonties, an fower autonomous coonties. Wi an aurie o 82,300 km² (31,800 mi²), it is the lairgest direct-controlled municipality, lairger even than ane province an an autonomous region, as well as Taiwan.[2] It is possibly the warld's lairgest municipality bi population an ane o the lairgest bi aurie.

The municipal abbreviation, (Yú), wis approved bi the State Cooncil on 18 Aprile 1997. Chongqing wis an aa a municipality o the Republic o Cheenae admeenistration, servin as its wartime caipital durin the Seicont Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945). Its abbreviatit name is derived frae the auld name o a pairt o the Jialing River that runs through Chongqing an feeds the Yangtze River.

The ceety is ane o the ceeties notable for history an cultur in Cheenae (历史文化名城), an notably, serves as the economic centre o the Upstream Yangtze aurie, a modren manufacturin centre an a transportation hub for Soothwast Cheenae.

Internaitional relations


Twin touns — sister ceeties


Chongqing is twinned wi:

Chongqing Municipality haes a Memorandum o Unnerstaundin (a form o twinnin arrangement) wi Wales, UK an became a 'sister region' o Wales in Mairch 2008.[4]

In Juin 2007, a twinning agreement atween Chongqing an Sør-Trøndelag wis signed.[5]


  1. "Demographic". Chongqing Municipal Government. 12 Juin 2007.
  2. Leet o Cheenese admeenistrative diveesions bi aurie
  3. "Twin Towns". Archived frae the original on 17 October 2014. Retrieved 29 October 2009.
  4. "Why Chongqing? Wales Week The Trade Mission Chongqing, 1 – 8 March" (PDF). Archived frae the original (PDF) on 13 Julie 2011. Retrieved 29 Januar 2011.
  5. Chongqing Municipality and Sør-Trøndelag county signs Twinning-Agreement (Norway - the official site in China) Archived 2009-01-08 at the Wayback Machine