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Michigan is a Midwastren state o the Unitit States o Americae. It wis named efter Loch Michigan, whase name is a French adaption o the Ojibwe term mishigama, meanin "lairge loch" or "lairge watter".[8][9]

State o Michigan
Banner o Michigan State seal o Michigan
Banner Seal
Nickname(s): "The Great Loch(s) State", "The Wolverine State", "The Mitten State", "Watter (Winter) Wonderland"
Motto(s): Si quaeris peninsulam amoenam circumspice
(Scots: "If ye seek a pleasant peninsula, leuk aboot ye")
Cairt o the Unitit States wi Michigan heichlichtit
Offeecial leid None (Inglis, de facto)
Spoken leids Inglis 91.11%
Spaingie 2.93%
Arabic 1.04%
Ither 4.92%
Demonym Michigander, Michiganian, Yooper (for residents o the Upper Peninsula)[1]
Caipital Lansing
Lairgest ceety Detroit
Lairgest metro Metro Detroit
Aurie Ranked 11t
 • Tot 96,716 sq mi
(250,493 km2)
 • Width 386[2][3] miles (621 km)
 • Lenth 456[2] miles (734 km)
 • % watter 41.5
 • Latitude 41° 41' N tae 48° 18' N
 • Longitude 82° 7' W tae 90° 25' W
Population Ranked 10t
 • Tot 9,928,300 (2016 est)[4]
 • Density 174/sq mi  (67.1/km2)
Ranked 17t
 • Median hoosehauld income $54,203 [5] (31st)
 • Heichest pynt Moont Arvon[6][lower-alpha 1]
1,979 ft (603 m)
 • Mean 900 ft  (270 m)
 • Lawest pynt Loch Erie[6][7]
571 ft (174 m)
Afore statehuid Michigan Territory
Admission to Union Januar 26, 1837 (26t)
Govrenor Rick Snyder (R)
Lieutenant Governor Brian Calley (R)
Legislatur Michigan Legislature
 • Upper hoose Senate
 • Lawer hoose Hoose o Representatives
U.S. Senators
U.S. Hoose delegation 9 Republicans
5 Democrats (leet)
Time zones  
 • maist o state Eastren: UTC −5/−4
 • 4 U.P. coonties (Gogebic, Iron, Dickinson, an Menominee) Central: UTC −6/−5
ISO 3166 US-MI
Abbreviations MI, Mich.

Michigan is the aicht maist populous state in the Unitit States. It haes the longest freshwatter shoreline o ony political subdivision in the warld, being bounded bi fower o the five Muckle Lochs, plus Loch Saint Clair.[10]


  1. Elevation adjuistit tae North American Vertical Datum o 1988.


  1. Hansen, Liane (September 27, 2009). "What Is a Yooper?". Weekend Edition Sunday. NPR. Retrieved June 13, 2013. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Michigan in Brief: Information About the State of Michigan" (PDF). Department of History, Arts and Libraries. Retrieved November 28, 2006. 
  3. "Freelang Ojibwe Dictionary". 
  4. Population Division (December 23, 2015). "Table 2. Cumulative Estimates of Resident Population Change for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico and Region and State Rankings: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" (CSV). 2015 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 23, 2015. 
  5. "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved December 9, 2016. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived frae the oreeginal on October 15, 2011. Retrieved October 24, 2011. 
  7. Elevation adjustit tae North American Vertical Datum o 1988.
  8. "Michigan in Brief: Information About the State of Michigan" (PDF). Retrieved 2006-11-28. 
  9. "Freelang Ojibwe Dictionary". 
  10. "NOAA Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management: My State: Michigan". 

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