Haute-Garonne

French depairtment

Haute-Garonne (French pronunciation: ​[ot ɡaʁɔn]; Occitan: Nauta Garona; Inglis: Upper Garonne) is a depairtment in the soothwast o Fraunce namit efter the Garonne river. Its main ceety is Toulouse.

Haute-Garonne
Prefectur biggin o the Haute-Garonne depairtment, in Toulouse
Prefectur biggin o the Haute-Garonne depairtment, in Toulouse
Coat o airms o Haute-Garonne
Coat o airms
Location o Haute-Garonne in Fraunce
Location o Haute-Garonne in Fraunce
Coordinates: 43°25′N 1°30′E / 43.417°N 1.500°E / 43.417; 1.500
KintraFraunce
RegionMidi-Pyrénées
PrefecturToulouse
SubprefectursSaint-Gaudens
Muret
Govrenment
 • Preses o the General CooncilPierre Izard
Aurie
 • Total6,309 km2 (2,436 sq mi)
Population
 (2007)
 • Tot1,202,920
 • Rank14t
 • Density190/km2 (490/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Depairtment nummer31
Arrondissements3
Cantons53
Communes589
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuars, an lakes, ponds, an glaciers lairger than 1 km2

HistoryEedit

Haute-Garonne is ane o the oreeginal 83 depairtments creatit durin the French Revolution on 4 Mairch 1790. It wis creatit frae pairt o the umwhile province o Languedoc.

The depairtment wis oreeginally lairger. The reduction in its aurie resultit frae an imperial decree datit 21 November 1808 an which establishtd the neebourin depairtment o Tarn-et-Garonne, norlins. The new depairtment, creatit in response tae the pleadins o various locally pouerful politeecians, teuk territory frae five surroondin depairtments includin Haute-Garonne. The destricts lost tae Tarn-et-Garonne in 1808 wis the anes o Montech an Castelsarrasin.

GeografieEedit

Haute-Garonne is pairt o the current region o Midi-Pyrénées an is surroondit bi the depairtments o Hautes-Pyrénées, Gers, Tarn-et-Garonne, Tarn, Aude, an Ariège. It borders Spain in the sooth an aw (province o Lleida an province o Huesca).

The depairtment is crossed bi the upper course o the Garonne River (hence the name) for near 200 kilometre (120 mi)*. The mairches o the depairtment follae the river. The Garonne enters Fraunce frae Spain at the toun o Fos, gaes throu Toulouse an leaves the depairtment The yondermaist sooth o the depairtment lees in the Pyrenees muntain range an is vera muntainous. The heichest elevation is the Peak of Perdiguère, at 3,222 metres (10,571 ft) abuin sea level.

PoliticsEedit

The Preses o the General Cooncil is Pierre Izard o the Socialist Pairty.

Pairty seats
Socialist Pairty 43
Union for a Popular Movement 3
Miscellaneous Right 3
Miscellaneous Left 2
Left Radical Pairty 1
French Communist Pairty 1

DemograficsEedit

The indwellers o the depairtment is cried Haut-Garonnais. The greatest population concentration is aroond Toulouse. The sooth o the depairtment is quite spairsely populate. Mair nor a million fowk indwell the depairtment at the lest census in 1999. Young fowk is weel representit wi 55% o the population unner the age o 40 an o thaim, 16% is atween the ages o 20 an 29. This is acause Toulouse is a varsity toun.

The lairgest touns are:

Commune Population (1999) Commune Population (1999)
Toulouse 390,350 Colomiers 28,538
Tournefeuille 22,758 Muret 20,735
Blagnac 20,586 Plaisance-du-Touch 14,164
Cugnaux 12,997 L'Union 12,141
Balma 11,944 Ramonville-Saint-Agne 11,696
Saint-Orens-de-Gameville 11,142 Saint-Gaudens 10,845
Castanet-Tolosan 10,250 Portet-sur-Garonne 8,737
Saint-Jean 8,362 Villeneuve-Tolosane 8,252
Revel 7,985 Castelginest 7,735
Pibrac 7,440 Fonsorbes 6,909

TourismEedit

Winter SportsEedit

The department haes fower ski resorts.

  • Peyragudes (1600 m -2450 m), 55 km o slopes
  • Luchon-Superbagnères (1440 m - 2260 m), 30 km o slopes
  • Le Mourtis (1380 m - 1816 m), 22 km o slopes
  • Bourg-d'Oueil (1350 m - 1500 m)

See an awEedit

ReferencesEedit

Freemit airtinsEedit