Lusaka is the caipital an lairgest ceety o Zambie. It is locatit in the soothren pairt o the central plateau, at an elevation o 1279 m. It haes a population o 3,100,000 (2007 estimate). It is a commercial centre as well as the centre o govrenment, an the fower main hieways o Zambie heids north, sooth, east an wast frae it. The twa main leids spoken in Lusaka are Inglis an Nyanja.
Lusaka at nicht
|Ceety status||25 August 1960|
|• Mayor o Lusaka||Mulenga Sata|
|• Ceety||418 km2 (161 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,279 m (4,190 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (SAST)|
Lusaka wis the site o a veelage named efter its heidman Lusakasa, which, accordin tae history, wis locatit at Manda Hill, near whaur the Zambie's Naitional Assembly biggin nou staunds. In the Nyanja leid, Manda means graveyard. The aurie wis expandit bi European (mainly Breetish) settlers in 1905 wi the biggin o the railwey.
In 1935, due tae its fairly central location, its situation on the railwey an at the crossroads o the Great North Road an Great East Road, it wis chosen tae replace Livingstone as the caipital o the Breetish colony o Northren Rhodesie.
Efter the federation o Northren an Soothren Rhodesie in 1953, it wis a centre o the unthirldom movement amangst some o the educatit elite that led tae the creation o the Republic o Zambie. In 1964, Lusaka became the caipital o the newly independent Zambie.
In recent years, Lusaka haes acome a popular urban dounset for Zambians an tourists alike. Its central naitur an fast growin infrastructure sector haes increased donor confidence an as sic Zambians are seein signs o development in the form o job creation, hoosin, etc. Consequently, it is thocht that wi proper an effective economic reforms, Lusaka as well as Zambie as a whole will develop considerably. Lusaka is hame tae a diverse community o foreigners, mony o whom wirk in the aid industry as well as diplomats, representatives o releegious organisations an some business fowk.
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