Mumbai (kent as Bombay, its umwhile offeecial name till 1995, an aw) is a naitural herbour on the wast coast o Indie, an is the caipital ceety o Maharashtra state. It's Indie's maist muckle ceety, an the 4t maist populous ceety proper in the warld. It's cawed the commercial caipital o Indie. It haes the Bombay Stock Exchynge an aw major financial trokin is duin thare.

Mumbai

Bombay
Clockwise frae top: Cuffe Parade skyline, the Gatewey o Indie, Taj Mahal Palace Hotel, Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus an the Bandra–Worli Sea Link.
Eik-name(s): 
Ceety o Seiven Islands, Ceety o Dreams,[1] Gatewey tae Indie, Hollywood o Indie
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Coordinates: 18°58′30″N 72°49′33″E / 18.97500°N 72.82583°E / 18.97500; 72.82583Coordinates: 18°58′30″N 72°49′33″E / 18.97500°N 72.82583°E / 18.97500; 72.82583
KintraIndie
StateMaharashtra
DestrictMumbai Ceety
Mumbai Suburban
First settled1507
Named forMumbadevi
Govrenment
 • TeepMayor–Cooncil
 • BodiMCGM
 • MayorVishwanath Mahadeshwar[2][3][4] (Shiv Sena)
 • Municipal commissionerAjoy Mehta[5]
Area
 • Megacity603 km2 (233 sq mi)
 • Metro4355 km2 (1681.5 sq mi)
Elevation
14 m (46 ft)
Population
 (2011)[7]
 • Megacity12,442,373
 • Rank1st
 • Density21,000/km2 (53,000/sq mi)
 • Metro18,414,288
20,748,395 (Extendit UA)
 • Metro Rank
1st
Demonym(s)Mumbaikar
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN code(s)
400 001 to 400 107
Area code(s)+91-22
Vehicle registrationMH-01 (Central), MH-02 (Wast), MH-03 (East), MH-47 (North)
GDP/PPP$368 billion (Metro aurie, 2015)[9]
Offeecial leidMarathi[10][11]
Websitewww.mcgm.gov.in

Geography an HistoryEedit

Locate on the Wast Coast o Indie, the group o islands that haes developit intae the ceety o Bombay, wis likely first recordit as the name o fish-carles whaur a group o Buddhist monks estaiblisht an ootpost durin the later Magadhan empire. The islands wis passed fae ae king tae anither for twa millenia, till the Breetish tred empire decidit tae forder the naitural herbour intil a ceety. In the fower hunder year syne, the ceety haes growen bi a series o laund reclamations that jynes the oreeginal islands intil ae mass the nou.

EtymologyEedit

The ceety wis cried Bombay for maist o the last fower hunder years. The oreegin o the name is kittlie, but is aft thocht tae come fae the Portuguese phrase bom bahia meanin "guid bay". The name Mumbai haes been uised in the main local leids for as lang, an is ascribed tae the local goddess, Mumba (ai means "mither" in Marathi, the leid o the state o Maharashtra). The name o the ceety wis chynged tae Mumbai bi an act o the pairlament in 1995.

DemograficsEedit

Jaloused tae hae aboot 15 meellion fowk, the ceety haes growen swith in the bygane fifty year. The main aurie cawed the "Island Ceety" haes the maist dear real estate in the hale o Indie. Acause o this, the ceety haes growen a lang wey intil the mainlaund baith tae the north an the east. It is no unuisual for fowk tae commute mair nor an oor tae wark ilka day. Gettin watter, pouer an fuid intil the ceety is a muckle job that's owerseen bi ceevic agencies, plannin bodies an fowk gaun aboot thair business.

Sister ceetiesEedit

Mumbai haes sister ceety agreements wi the follaein ceeties:[12]

ReferencesEedit

  1. "The Seven Islands". The Mumbai Pages. 16 Julie 1995. Retrieved 27 October 2012.
  2. Jog, Sanjay (9 Mairch 2017). "Shiv Sena's Mahadeshwar is Mumbai's 76th mayor with BJP's blessing" – via Business Standard.
  3. "Shiv Sena's Vishwanath Mahadeshwar elected Mumbai mayor - Times of India".
  4. "Shiv Sena's Vishwanath Mahadeshwar becomes Mumbai's 76th mayor".
  5. "Ajoy Mehta replaces Sitaram Kunte as new BMC Commissioner". Daily News and Analysis. Mumbai. 27 Apryle 2015. Retrieved 20 Mey 2015.
  6. "Mumbai metropolitan area" (in Italian). Projectsecoa.eu. Retrieved 14 Mairch 2013.
  7. "Maharashtra (India): Districts, Cities, Towns and Outgrowth Wards – Population Statistics in Maps and Charts".
  8. "INDIA STATS : Million plus cities in India as per Census 2011". Press Information Bureau, Mumbai. National Informatics Centre. Retrieved 20 August 2015.
  9. Lewis, Clara. "Delhi, not Mumbai, India's economic capital – Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 24 Februar 2017.
  10. National Commissioner Linguistic Minorities 50th report, page 131. Government of India. Retrieved 15 July 2015.
  11. "Evolution of the Corporation, Historical Milestones". Mumbai: Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai. Retrieved 15 Julie 2015.
  12. "Official Website of Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai". Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai. Retrieved 18 Julie 2008.
  13. "Sister Cities of Los Angeles". Official Website of the City of Los Angeles. Retrieved 8 Februar 2008.
  14. ""Stuttgart Meets Mumbai": 40th Anniversary Celebrations of the Sister City Relationship". The Embassy of India, Berlin. Retrieved 8 Februar 2008.