In Greek religion an meethologie, Athena or Athene (/əˈθnə/ or /əˈθn/; Attic: Ἀθηνᾶ, Athēnā or Ἀθηναία, Athēnaia; Epic: Ἀθηναίη, Athēnaiē; Ionic: Ἀθήνη, Athēnē; Doric: Ἀθάνα, Athānā), referred tae as Pallas Athena/Athene (/ˈpæləs/; Παλλὰς Ἀθηνᾶ; Παλλὰς Ἀθήνη) an aw, is the goddess o wiceheid, courage, inspiration, ceevilization, law an juistice, juist warfare, mathematics, strenth, strategie, the airts, crafts, an skill. Minerva is the Roman goddess identifee'd wi Athena.[4]

Goddess o Wiceheid, Warfare, Divine intelligence, Airchitectur an Crafts[1]
Patron Goddess o Athens[1]
Marble Greek copy signed "Antiokhos", a first century BC variant o
Phidias' fift-century Athena Promachos that stuid on the Acropolis
AbodeMunt Olympus, Athens, Mani
SymbolOuls, Olive trees, Snakes, Aegis, Airmor,
Helms, Spears, Gorgoneion
Personal Information
ParentsZeus an Metis[3]
Roman equivalentMinerva

Athena is a shrewd companion o heroes an aw an is the goddess o heroic endeavour. She is the virgin patroness o Athens. The Athenians foondit the Parthenon on the Acropolis o her namesak ceety, Athens (Athena Parthenos), in her honour.[4]

Athena's veneration as the patron o Athens seems tae hae existit frae the earliest times, an wis sae persistent that archaic meeths aboot her wur recast tae adapt tae cultural changes. In her role as a protector o the ceety (polis), mony fowk throuoot the Greek warld wirshipit Athena as Athena Polias (Ἀθηνᾶ Πολιάς "Athena o the ceety"). The ceety o Athens an the goddess Athena essentially bear the same name,[5] "Athenai" meanin "[mony] Athenas".


  1. a b "Athena". Myths Encyclopedia. Archived frae the original on 4 Januar 2010. Retrieved 24 November 2009. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  2. Porus wis Athena's hauf-brither acause he wis the son o Metis alane while Athena wis the dochter o Zeus an, accordin tae Hesiod, Metis.
  3. Accordin tae Hesiod's Theogony, Metis wis Athena's mither, but, accordin tae Homer's Iliad, she sprang fort frae Zeus' heid an haed nae mither.
  4. a b Deacy, Susan, and Alexandra Villing. Athena in the Classical World. Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 2001. Print.
  5. "Whether the goddess was named after the city or the city after the goddess is an ancient dispute" (Burkert 1985:139)

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  Media relatit tae Athena at Wikimedia Commons