War in Afghanistan (2001–present)

The War in Afghanistan (2001–present) refers tae the intervention bi NATO an allied forces in the Afghan poleetical struggle, follaein the terrorist attacks o September 11, 2001, tae dismantle the al-Qaeda terrorist organisation an tae remove frae pouer the Taliban govrenment, which at the time controlled 90% o Afghanistan an hostit al-Qaeda leadership. U.S. Preses George W. Bush demandit that the Taliban haund ower Osama bin Laden an expel the al-Qaeda network which wis supportin the Taliban in its war wi the Afghan Northren Alliance. The Taliban recommendit that bin Laden leave the kintra but declined tae extradite him wioot evidence o his involvement in the 9/11 attacks. The Unitit States refused tae negotiate an launched Operation Enduring Freedom on 7 October 2001 wi the Unitit Kinrick an later jyned bi Germany an ither wastren allies, tae attack the Taliban an al-Qaeda forces in conjunction wi the Northren Alliance.[28][29]

War in Afghanistan
Pairt o the conflict in Afghanistan an the Global War on Terrorism
2001 War in Afghanistan collage 3.jpg
Clockwise frae tap-left: Breetish Ryal Marines tak pairt in the clearance o Nad-e Ali District o Helmand Province; twa F/A-18 strike fechters conduct combat missions ower Afghanistan; an anti-Taliban fechter during an operation tae secure a compoond in Helmand Province; A French sauldier patrols a valley in Kapisa Province; U.S. Marines prepare tae board buses shortly efter arrivin in soothren Afghanistan; Taliban fechters in a cave hideoot; U.S. soldiers prepare tae fire a mortar during a mission in Paktika Province.
Date7 October 2001 – present
(19 years, 1 week and 1 day)
LocationAfghanistan
Status

Conflict ongangin

Belligerents

Coalition:

 Afghanistan

Insurgent groups:

2001  Unitit States
 Unitit Kinrick
 Australie
Afghanistan Northren Alliance

Iran Iran

2001 Flag of Jihad.svg Al-Qaeda

Afghanistan Taliban
Commanders an leaders
Afghanistan Hamid Karzai
Afghanistan Ashraf Ghani
United States Donald Trump
Unitit Kinrick Boris Johnson
Australie Scott Morrison
Italy Giuseppe Conte
Germany Angela Merkel
Austin S. Miller
Leet o umwhile ISAF Commanders

Afghanistan Mohammed Omar#
Afghanistan Akhtar Mansoor 
Afghanistan Abdul Ghani Baradar (POW)[4]
Afghanistan Hibatullah Akhundzada[5]
Afghanistan Jalaluddin Haqqani [6]
Afghanistan Obaidullah Akhund [4]
Afghanistan Dadullah Akhund [4]
Gulbuddin Hekmatyar
Flag of Jihad.svg Osama bin Laden 
Flag of Jihad.svg Ayman al-Zawahiri


Afghanistan Muhammad Rasul  (POW)[7]
Haji Najibullah[8]
Strenth

ISAF: 87,207[9]

Afghanistan Afghan Naitional Security Forces: 380,586[10]

Afghanistan Taliban: 25,000 (tentative estimate) Flag of Jihad.svg Al-Qaeda: 50-100 [11][12]

Haqqani netwirk: 4,000-15,000[13][14][15]
Casualties an losses

Coalition:
Killed: 3,374 (USA: 2,271, UK: 446, CAN: 158, FRA: 86, GER: 54, Ithers: 359)[16]
Woondit: 23,500+
Missing/captured (U.S.): 1
Contractors:
Killed: 1,143[17][18]
Woondit: 15,000+*[17][18]
Afghan Security Forces:
10,086+ killed[19][20][21]
Afghan Northren Alliance:
200 killed[22][23][24][25]

Tot killed: 14,449+
No reliable estimate[26] but reports suggest heich nummer compare tae coalition forces
Civilians killed: 16,725–19,013 (2001–2013)[27]

ReferencesEedit

  1. Pakistan militants preparing for Afghanistan civil war. Fox News. Retrieved on 2013-10-29.
  2. Roggi, Bill (31 August 2009). "Pakistan's most-wanted: look at who isn't listed". The Long War Journal. Public Multimedia Inc. Retrieved 2 September 2009.
  3. 2012 UNHCR country operations profile - Afghanistan unhcr.org
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "'Afghan Taliban leader Mullah Omar is dead'". The Express Tribune. 29 Julie 2015. Retrieved 29 Julie 2015.
  5. The Taliban's new leadership is allied with al Qaeda, The Long War Journal, 31 July 2015
  6. "'The Kennedys of the Taliban movement' lose their patriarch". NBC News (in Inglis). Retrieved 19 Mairch 2019.
  7. Matthew DuPée (Januar 2018). "Red on Red: Analyzing Afghanistan's Intra-Insurgency Violence". Combating Terrorism Center. Retrieved 18 Februar 2018.
  8. "Mullah Najibullah: Too Radical for the Taliban". Newsweek. 30 August 2013. Retrieved 22 August 2015.
  9. "International Security Assistance Force (ISAF): Key Facts and Figures" (PDF). ISAF. 3 December 2012. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
  10. "Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF)" (PDF). NATO. 18 Apryle 2012.
  11. How many al Qaeda operatives are now left in Afghanistan? - Threat Matrix
  12. Al Qaeda In Afghanistan Is Attempting A Comeback
  13. Rassler, Don; Vahid Brown (14 Julie 2011). "The Haqqani Nexus and the Evolution of al-Qaida" (PDF). Harmony Program. Combating Terrorism Center. Retrieved 2 August 2011.
  14. Sirajuddin Haqqani dares US to attack N Waziristan, by Reuters, Published: September 24, 2011
  15. "Rebuffing U.S., Pakistan Balks at Crackdown". The New York Times. 14 December 2009.
  16. "OEF: Afghanistan: Fatalities By Year". icasualties.org. 9 September 2005. Retrieved 14 September 2013.
  17. 17.0 17.1 "U.S. Department of Labor – Office of Workers' Compensation Programs (OWCP) – Defense Base Act Case Summary by Nation". Dol.gov. Retrieved 2 August 2011.
  18. 18.0 18.1 T. Christian Miller (23 September 2009). "U.S. Government Private Contract Worker Deaths and Injuries". Projects.propublica.org. Retrieved 2 August 2011.
  19. "While U.S. debates Afghanistan policy, Taliban beefs up". Mcclatchydc.com. 14 October 2009. Retrieved 9 Februar 2010.
  20. "Violence kills 100 afghan police every month".
  21. "Police killed in Afghan bombing".
  22. Morello, Carol; Loeb, Vernon (6 December 2001). "Friendly fire kills 3 GIs". Post-gazette.com. Retrieved 2 October 2008.
  23. Terry McCarthy/Kunduz (18 November 2001). "A Volatile State of Siege After a Taliban Ambush – Printout – TIME". Time. Retrieved 2 October 2008.
  24. John Pike (9 December 2001). "VOA News Report". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 9 Februar 2010.
  25. "US Bombs Wipe Out Farming Village". Rawa.org. Retrieved 9 Februar 2010.
  26. Wyatt, Caroline. "Reporting Afghanistan casualties". The Editors. BBC. Retrieved 24 Mey 2012.
  27. Brown University Watson Institute for International Studies (27 Februar 2001). "Afghan Civilians". Costs of War. Retrieved 30 Juin 2013.
  28. Vulliamy, Ed; Wintour, Patrick; Traynor, Ian; Ahmed, Kamal (7 October 2001). "After the September Eleventh Terrorist attacks on America, "It's time for war, Bush and Blair tell Taliban – We're ready to go in – PM|Planes shot at over Kabul"". London: Guardian News and Media. Retrieved 2 August 2011. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)
  29. "Canada in Afghanistan: 2001". National Post. Retrieved 7 Juin 2013.