Singapore, offeecially the Republic o Singapore, is a wee island kintra aff the soothren tip o the Malay Peninsula, 137 kilometres (85 mi) north o the equator, in the Sootheast Asien region o the Asien continent. It is separate frae Malaysie bi the Straits o Johor tae its north, an frae Indonesie's Riau Islands bi the Singapore Strait tae its sooth. A ceety-state, Singapore is the warld's fowert leadin financial centre an a cosmopolitan warld ceety, playin a key role in internaitional trade an finance.

Republic o Singapore

Republik Singapura  (Malay)
新加坡共和国 (Cheenese)
சிங்கப்பூர் குடியரசு (Tamil)
"Majulah Singapura" (Malay)
(Scots: "Onwart, Singapore")
AnthemMajulah Singapura
(Scots: "Onwart, Singapore")
Location o  Singapore  (red)
Location o  Singapore  (red)
CaipitalSingapore (ceety-state)
1°17′N 103°50′E / 1.283°N 103.833°E / 1.283; 103.833
Lairgest PABedok[1]
1°19′24.97″N 103°55′38.43″E / 1.3236028°N 103.9273417°E / 1.3236028; 103.9273417
Offeecial leids
Offeecial scripts
Ethnic groups
GovrenmentUnitar dominant-pairty pairlamentary republic
• Preses
Tharman Shanmugaratnam
Lee Hsien Loong
Sundaresh Menon
• Total
719.9 km2 (278.0 sq mi)[3] (176th)
• 2016[3] estimate
5,607,300 (113t)
• Density
7,797/km2 (20,194.1/sq mi) (3rd)
GDP (PPP)2018[4] estimate
• Total
$537.447 billion (39th)
• Per capita
$93,678 (3rd)
GDP (nominal)2018[4] estimate
• Tot
$316.872 billion (41st)
• Per capita
$55,231 (10t)
Gini (2014)negative increase 46.4[5]
heich · 30t
HDI (2015)Increase 0.925[6]
verra heich · 5t
CurrencySingapore dollar (SGD)
Time zoneUTC+8 (SST)
Date formatdd-mm-yyyy
Drivin sidecaur
Cawin code+65
ISO 3166 codeSG
Internet TLD
Territorial Organization

Singapore haes a lang history o immigration. It haes a diverse population o close tae 5 million fowk made up o Chinese, Malay, Indians, Asians o sindry strynd, an Caucasians.[7] 42% o the population in Singapore are foreigners who wirk an study thare. Furrn wirkers mak up 50% o the service sector.[8][9] The kintra is the seicont maist densely populatit in the warld efter Monaco.[10] A.T. Kearney named Singapore the maist globalised kintra in the warld in 2006 in its Globalization Index.[11]

Afore unthirldom in 1965, Singapore wis a vibrant tradin port wi a GDP per capita o $511, the third heichest in East Asie then.[12] Efter unthirldom, foreign direct investment an a state-led drive for industrialisation based on plans bi umwhile Deputy Prime Meenister Dr. Goh Keng Swee creatit a modren economy.[13]

The Economist Intelligence Unit in its "Quality-Of-Life Index" ranks Singapore as haein the best quality o life in Asie and eleivent oweraw in the warld.[14] Singapore possesses the warld's nint lairgest foreign reserves.[15][16] The kintra an aa maintains airmed forces that are technologically advanced an well-equipped.[17][18]

Efter a contraction o -6.8% in the 4t quarter of 2009,[19] Singapore claimed the title o fastest-growin economy in the warld, wi GDP growth o 17.9% in the first hauf o 2010.[20]



The Inglis name o Singapore is derived frae the Malay name Singapura (Sanskrit सिंहपुर "Lion City"). The day it is sometimes referred tae as the Lion City. Studies indicate that lions probably niver lived thare; the beast seen bi Sang Nila Utama, foonder o Singapore, that gied the city its name, wis maist likely a tiger.[21][22]


  1. "Singapore Residents by Planning Area/Subzone, Age Group and Sex, June 2000 – 2015". Statistics Singapore. Archived frae the original (XLS) on 30 Januar 2016. Retrieved 7 Januar 2016. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help) Archived 2018-12-25 at the Wayback Machine
  2. Statistics Singapore: 2015 General Household Survey Archived 2018-02-12 at the Wayback Machine. Religion data Archived 2016-04-09 at the Wayback Machine
  3. a b "Population & Land Area (Mid-Year Estimates)". Statistics Singapore. Juin 2014. Archived frae the original on 29 November 2015. Retrieved 25 September 2014.
  4. a b "Singapore". International Monetary Fund.
  5. "Distribution of family income – Gini Index". CIA. 2015. Archived frae the original on 25 December 2018. Retrieved 30 September 2015.
  6. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 23 Mairch 2017.
  7. "Statistics Singapore - Latest Data". Archived frae the original on 26 December 2018. Retrieved 23 August 2010.
  8. "Trends in international migrant stock: The 2008 revision", United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2009).
  9. "Population Trends 2009", Singapore Department of Statistics. ISSN 1793-2424
  10. Leet kintras an dependencies bi population density.
  11. "Measuring Globalization", Foreign Policy, no date.
  12. GDP (per capita) (1968) by country,
  13. Murphy, Craig (2006). The United Nations Development Programme: A Better Way?. Cambridge University Press. p. 101. ISBN 9780521864695.
  14. "The Economist Intelligence Unit's quality-of-life index", 2005.
  15. Official Foreign Reserves Archived 2011-10-21 at the Wayback Machine, Monetary Authority of Singapore.
  16. Top 10 countries with Largest Foreign Exchange Reserves Archived 2011-11-08 at the Wayback Machine, Shine, 8 September 2009.
  17. Moss, Trefor (18 Januar 2010). "Buying an advantage". Jane's Defence Review. Archived frae the original on 23 Januar 2010. Retrieved 22 Januar 2011.
  18. "The Impact of Singapore's Military Development on Malaysia's Security". Journal of Politics and Law. Canadian Center of Science and Education. 2 (2): P68. 2009. ISSN 1913-9047. Unknown parameter |coauthors= ignored (|author= suggested) (help)
  19. "Singapore GDP Contracts By 6.8% In The Fourth Quarter". Gov Monitor. 3 Januar 2010. Retrieved 1 November 2010.
  20. Ramesh, S. (8 August 2010). "Govt's goal is to ensure all S'poreans enjoy fruits of growth: PM Lee". Channel News Asia. Singapore. Archived frae the original on 2 December 2012. Retrieved 22 Januar 2011.
  21. "Studying In Singapore". Search Singapore. Archived frae the original on 21 Mey 2011. Retrieved 14 Apryle 2006.
  22. "Sang Nila Utama" (PDF). 24hr Art. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 19 August 2006. Retrieved 14 Apryle 2006."Archived copy" (PDF). Archived frae the original on 19 August 2006. Retrieved 19 December 2021.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)