Cape Verde /ˌkp ˈvɜːrd/ (Portuguese: Cabo Verde, pronounced: [ˈkabu ˈveɾdɨ]), offeecially the Republic o Cabo Verde,[7] is a wee island kintra, spannin an archipelago o 10 islands locatit in the central Atlantic Ocean, 570 kilometres aff the coast o Wastren Africae. The islands, kiverin a combined aurie o slichtly ower 4,000 square kilometre (1,500 sq mi), are o volcanic origin an while three o them (Sal, Boa Vista an Maio) are fairly flat, sandy an dry, the remainin anes are generally rockier an haes mair vegetation. Acause o the infrequent occurrence o rainfaa, the oweraw landscape isnae parteecularly green, in maugre o whit the kintra's name suggests (verde is Portuguese for "green"). The name o the kintra stems insteid frae the naurhaun Cap Vert, on the Senegalese coast.[8]

Republic o Cabo Verde

República de Cabo Verde
AnthemCântico da Liberdade  (Portuguese)
Chant o Freedom
Location o  Cape Verde  (dark blue) – in Africa  (light blue & dark grey) – in the African Union  (light blue)
Location o  Cape Verde  (dark blue)

– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union  (light blue)

and largest city
14°55′N 23°31′W / 14.917°N 23.517°W / 14.917; -23.517
Offeecial leidsPortuguese
Recognised naitional leidsCape Verdean Creole
Demonym(s)Cabo Verdean[1]
GovrenmentUnitar semi-presidential republic[2]
• Preses
José Maria Neves
Ulisses Correia e Silva
LegislaturNational Assembly
• frae Portugal
5 Julie 1975
• Total
4,033 km2 (1,557 sq mi) (172nt)
• Water (%)
• 2020 estimate
550.000 (167t)
• Density
136/km2 (352.2/sq mi) (89t)
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
• Total
$4.323 billion
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Tot
$3,651 billion[4]
• Per capita
Gini (2008)47.2[5]
HDI (2015)Increase 0.646[6]
medium · 122nt
CurrencyCape Verdean escudo (CVE)
Time zoneUTC-1 (CVT)
• Summer (DST)
UTC-1 (no observit)
Drivin sidericht
Cawin code+238
ISO 3166 codeCV


  1. John Kerry (8 Julie 2014). "On the Occasion of the Republic of Cabo Verde's National Day". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 11 Julie 2014. On behalf of President Obama and the people of the United States, I send best wishes to Cabo Verdeans as you celebrate 39 years of independence on July 5.
  2. Neto, Octávio Amorim; Lobo, Marina Costa (2010). "Between Constitutional Diffusion and Local Politics: Semi-Presidentialism in Portuguese-Speaking Countries". Social Science Research Network. Retrieved 29 December 2015. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  3. "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects".
  4. a b Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named imf2
  5. "GINI index". World Bank. Retrieved 26 Julie 2013.
  6. "2015 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2015. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
  7. Tanya Basu (12 December 2013). "Cape Verde Gets New Name: 5 Things to Know About How Maps Change". National Geographic. Retrieved 12 December 2013.
  8. Lobban, p. 4 Archived 2011-05-11 at the Wayback Machine.