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Baghdad (Persie[3][4][5][6]; Arabic: بغداد‎, Baġdād, IPA: [bæɣˈdæːd]) is the caipital o Iraq an o Baghdad Province, wi whilk it is coterminous. Haein a population estimatit atween 7 an 7.5 million, it is the lairgest ceety in Iraq[1][2] an the seicont lairgest ceety in the Arab Warld (efter Cairo, Egyp).

بغداد Baġdād
Baghdad owerleukin the Tigris
Baghdad owerleukin the Tigris
Baghdad is locatit in Iraq
Coordinates: 33°20′00″N 44°26′00″E / 33.33333°N 44.43333°E / 33.33333; 44.43333
Kintra  Iraq
Province Baghdad
Established 762 AD
Foondit bi Abu Jafar al-Mansour
 • Teep Mayor-cooncil
 • Bouk Baghdad Ceety Advisory Cooncil
 • Mayor Saber Nabet Al-Essawi
 • Total 2,260.2 km2 (872.7 sq mi)
Elevation 34 m (112 ft)
 • Estimate (2011) 7,216,040
 • Rank 1st
Time zone Arabie Staundart Time (UTC+3)
 • Simmer (DST) No DST (UTC)

Locatit on the River Tigris, the ceety dates back tae the 8t century. Baghdad haes a past as a centre o the Arab an Muslim warld especially durin the Abbasid Caliphate.

Sister ceetiesEedit


  1. 1.0 1.1 Estimates o tot population differ substantially. The Encyclopædia Britannica gies a 2001 population o 4,950,000, the 2006 Lancet Report states a population o 7,216,050 in 2011.
    • "Baghdad" Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 30 November 2016.
    • "[1]".  Freemit airtin in |title= (help);  (110 KB). Bi Gilbert Burnham, Riyadh Lafta, Shannon Doocy, an Les Roberts. The Lancet, 11 October 2006
    • Baghdad frae
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Cities and urban areas in Iraq with population over 100,000",
  3. ;;A Concise Pahlavi Dictionary. MacKenzie. Routledge Publications 2000
  4. "ما معنى اسم مدينة بغداد ومن سماه ؟". Retrieved 2010-04-27. 
  5. "ما معنى (بغداد)؟ - تمت الإجابة عنه - Google إجابات". Retrieved 2010-04-27. 
  6. Guy Le Strange, Baghdad During the Abbasid Caliphate from Contemporary Arabic and Persian, p. 10
  7. "Twinning the Cities". City of Beirut. Retrieved 2008-01-13. 
  8. Iraqi capital of Baghdad twinned with North Yemen counterpart of Sanaa [Yemen news items 1989:Twinning]