The Germans (German: Deutsche) are a Germanic ethnic group native tae Central Europe. The Inglis/Scots term Germans haes referred tae the German-speakin population o the Holy Roman Empire syne the Late Middle Ages.[6] Legally, Germans are ceetizens o the Federal Republic o Germany.

Tot population
German Diaspora ca. 150 million[1]
Regions wi signeeficant populations
 Germany        75 million[2][3][4]
German: Heich German (Upper German, Central German), Law German (see German dialects)
Roman Catholic, Protestant (chiefly Lutheran)
Relatit ethnic groups
Austrians, Danes, Dutch, Inglis, Flemish, French, Icelanders, Norse fowk,[5] Romansch, Swades,[5] an ither Germanic fowks

O approximately 100 million native speakers o German in the warld, aboot 66–75 million consider thairsels Germans. Thare are an additional 80 million fowk o German ancestry mainly in the Unitit States, Brazil, Canadae, Argentinae, Fraunce, Roushie, Chile, Poland, Australie an Romanie (who maist likely are no native speakers o German).[7] Sicweys, the tot nummer o Germans warldwide lees atween 66 an 160 million, dependin on the criteria appleed (native speakers, single-ancestry ethnic Germans, pairtial German ancestry, etc.).

The day, fowks frae kintras wi a German-speakin majority or significant German-speakin population groups ither than Germany, sic as Austrick, Swisserland, Liechtenstein an Luxembourg, hae developit thair awn naitional identity an uisually dae no refer tae thairsels as "Germans" in a modren context.

The native leid o Germans is German, a Wast Germanic leid, relatit tae an classifeed alangside Inglis an Dutch, an sharin mony similarities wi the North Germanic or Scandinavie leids. Spoken bi approximately 100 million native speakers,[8] German is ane o the warld's major leids an the maist widely spoken first leid in the European Union.


Wast Germanic eids
  Dutch (Law Franconie, Wast Germanic)
  Law German (Wast Germanic)
  Central German (Heich German, Wast Germanic)
  Upper German (Heich German, Wast Germanic)
  Inglis (Anglo-Frisie, Wast Germanic)
  Frisie (Anglo-Frisie, Wast Germanic)
North Germanic leids
  East Scandinavie
  Wast Scandinavie
  Line dividin the North an Wast Germanic leids

Native speakers


Global distribution o native speakers o the German leid:

Kintra German speakin population (ootside Europe)
USA 5,000,000[12]
Brazil 3,000,000[12]
Roushie 2,000,000[12]
Poland 800,000[12]
Argentinae 500,000[12]
Canadae 450,000[12] – 620,000[13]
Bolivie 300,000[14][15][16]
Italy 250,000[12]
Hungary 220,000[12]
Paraguay 186,000[14]
Australie 110,000
Sooth Africae 75,000 (German expatriate ceetizens)[12]
Belgium 66,000[12]
Mexico 40,000[17]
Chile 40,000[12]
Namibie 30,000 (German expatriate ceetizens)[12]
Denmark 20,000[12]
Romanie 15,000[12]
Venezuela 10,000[12]

Geographic distribution

German Argentines celebrate Oktoberfest in Villa General Belgrano, Argentinae.

Ethnic Germans form an important minority group in several kintras in central an eastren Europe—(Poland, Hungary, Romanie, Roushie) as well as in Namibie (German Namibie), Brazil (German Brazilian) (approx. 3% o the population),[18] Argentinae (German Argentine) (1,5%[19] ~ 7,5% o the population)[20] an Chile (German-Chilean) (approx. 1% o the population).[21]

Some groups mey be classifeed as Ethnic Germans despite nae langer haein German as thair mither tongue or belangin tae a destinct German cultur. Till the 1990s, twa million Ethnic Germans livit throughoot the umwhile Soviet Union, pairticularly in Roushie an Kazakhstan.

In the Unitit States 1990 census, 57 million fowk wur fully or pairtly o German ancestry, formin the lairgest single ethnic group in the kintra. States wi the heichest percentage o Americans o German strynd are in the northren Midwast (especially Wisconsin, Minnesota, North Dakota, Sooth Dakota, Nebraska, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan) an the Mid-Atlantic state, Pennsylvania. But Germanic immigrant enclaves existit in mony ither states (e.g., the German Texans an the Denver, Colorado aurie) an tae a lesser extent, the Paceefic Northwast (i.e. Idaho, Montana, Oregon an Washington state).

Notable Ethnic German minorities exist in ither Anglosphere kintras sic as Canadae (approx. 10% o the population) an Australie (approx. 4% o the population) an aw. As in the Unitit States, maist fowk o German strynd in Canadae an Australie hae amaist completely assimilatit, culturally an linguistically, intae the Inglis-speakin mainstream.

Distribution o German ceetizens an fowk claimin German ancestry:

Kintra German ancestry German ceetizens Comments
  Germany 66,420,000 75,000,000[2] see Demographics o Germany
  Unitit States 50,000,000[22] see German American
  Brazil 5,000,000[23] see German Brazilian
  Canadae 3,200,000[24] see Canadians o German ethnicity
  Sooth Africae 1,200,000[25][26] see Afrikaner. Awtho studies shaw that atween 30–40% o Afrikaners hae German ancestry, due tae intermarriage this figur is likely tae be hintle heicher.
  Argentinae 600,000[27] see German Argentine
The   CIS (mainly   Roushie an   Kazakhstan) 1,000,000 600,000[28] see Germans in Roushie, Germans o Kazakhstan, Volga Germans, Caucasus Germans
  Fraunce 1,000,000[29][30] predominant ethnic group o Alsace an Moselle; 970,000 wi German dialects as mither tongue
  Australie 812,000[31] incl. 106,524 German-born. See German Australie
  Italy (in Sooth Tyrol) 500,000[32][33]
  Netherlands 179,000[34]
  Unitit Kinrick 262,000[35] (This figure includes childer born tae Breetish Military personnel serving on Breetish Military bases in Germany) 92,000[36] see German migration tae the Unitit Kinrick
  Spain 255,000[37] German immigrants
   Swisserland 266,000[38] see German immigration tae Swisserland
  Poland 153,000[39] mainly in Opole Voivodeship, see German minority in Poland.
  Chile 800.000 see German Chilean
  Peru 180,000[40] see German Peruvian
  Hungary 120,344[41] see Germans o Hungary
  Austrick 124,710[42]
  Israel 100,000[43]
  Venezuela 70,000 see German Venezuelan
  Romanie 60,000[44] see Germans o Romanie
  Uruguay 46,000 6,000[45]
  Czech Republic 40,000[46] see Germans in the Czech Republic
  Bolivie 40,000[47] German speakin Mennonites. See Ethnic Germans in Bolivie
  Belgium 38,366[48] excludes German-speakin ethnic Belgians
  Norawa 37,000[49]
  Ecuador 33,000[50]
  Namibie 30,000[51] German Namibie
  Dominican Republic 25,000[52]
  Denmark 15,000–20,000[53]
  Greece 15,498[54]
  Ireland 11,797[55]
  Slovakie 5000–10,000[56]
  Philippines 6,400[57] see German settlement in the Philippines
  Serbie 3,900 see Germans o Serbie
  Turkmenistan 2,700[58]
  Tajikistan 2,700[58]
  Jamaica 160[59] Germans in Jamaica


  1. Germans and foreigners with an immigrant background Archived 2009-05-04 at the Wayback Machine. 156 is the estimate which counts all people claiming ethnic German ancestry in the U.S., Brazil, Argentina, and elsewhere.
  2. a b 66.42 million is the number of Germans without immigrant background, 75 million is the number of German citizens Germans and foreigners with an immigrant background Archived 2009-05-04 at the Wayback Machine
  3. "Deutsche Welle: 2005 German Census figures". Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  4. "CIA World Factbook – Germany: People". Archived frae the original on 11 Februar 2016. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  5. a b "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived frae the original (PDF) on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 10 Julie 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. alangside the slichtly earlier term Almayns; John o Trevisa's 1387 translation o Ranulf Higdon's Polychronicon haes: Þe empere passede from þe Grees to þe Frenschemen and to þe Germans, þat beeþ Almayns. Durin the 15t an 16t centuries, Dutch wis the adjective uised in the sense "pertainin tae Germans". Uise o German as an adjective dates tae ca. 1550. The adjective Dutch narraeed its sense tae "o the Netherlands" durin the 17t century.
  7. (in Spaingie) Hablantes del alemán en el mundo Archived 2012-03-20 at the Wayback Machine
  8. "Most Widely Spoken Languages". 28 Mey 2011. Archived frae the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  9. "Ethnologue: East Middle German". Retrieved 6 Mairch 2011.
  10. Introduction to Old Yiddish literature, p. 72, Baumgarten and Frakes, Oxford University Press, 2005
  11. "Development of Yiddish over the ages",
  12. a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Handwörterbuch des politischen Systems der Bundesrepublik (in German). Source lists "German expatriate citizens" only for Namibia and South Africa!
  13. "Statistics Canada 2006". 6 Januar 2010. Archived frae the original on 25 December 2018. Retrieved 15 Mairch 2010.
  14. a b "Composición Étnica de las Tres Áreas Culturales del Continente Americano al Comienzo del Siglo XXI" (PDF) (in Spanish). p. 188. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 24 Februar 2014. Retrieved 12 Juin 2012.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  15. Bolivian Reforms Raise Anxiety on Mennonite Frontier, New York Times
  16. Los Menonitas en Bolivia CNN México/CNN en Español
  17. "The Mennonite Old Colony Vision: Under siege in Mexico and the Canadian Connection" (PDF). Archived frae the original (PDF) on 4 Apryle 2013. Retrieved 30 Mey 2007.
  18. "A Imigração Alemã| Brasil | Deutsche Welle | 14.01.2010". 6 Januar 1990. Archived frae the original on 15 Julie 2011. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  19. "Obsevatorio de Colectividades – Comunidad Alemana". Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  20. German-Argentine Descendants of Germans in Argentina
  21. Oliver Zoellner. "Oliver Zoellner | Generating Samples of Ethnic Minorities in Chile". Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  22. 49.2 million German Americans as o 2005 accordin tae the "US demographic census". Archived frae the original on 3 Apryle 2009. Retrieved 2 August 2007. Unknown parameter |coauthors= ignored (|author= suggested) (help); see an aw Leids in the Unitit States#German.
  23. "A Imigração Alemã no Brasil | Brasil | Deutsche Welle | 25.07.2004". 6 Januar 1990. Archived frae the original on 15 Julie 2011. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  24. 2001 Canadian Census Archived 2013-04-09 at the Wayback Machine gives 2,742,765 total respondents stating their ethnic origin as partly German, with 705,600 stating "single-ancestry", see List of Canadians by ethnicity.
  25. "Germans in South Africa". Archived frae the original on 20 October 2009. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  26. Professor JA Heese in his book Die Herkoms van die Afrikaner (The Origins of Afrikaners) claims the modern Afrikaners (who total around 3.5 million) have 34.4% German heritage. How 'Pure' was the Average Afrikaner? Archived 2012-10-13 at the Wayback Machine
  27. [1]~3,000,000 Including Volga Germans, and other German ancestries
  28. "597,212 in Russia as of 2002, 0.4 of Russian population". Archived frae the original on 24 Januar 2012. Retrieved 13 Julie 2012.
  29. Vladimir Geroimenko. "France". Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  30. "Alsatians". 16 Januar 2010. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  31. The Australian Bureau of Statistics PDF (424 KB) reports 742,212 people of German ancestry in the 2001 Census. German is spoken by ca. 135,000 [2], about 105,000 of them Germany-born, see Demographics of Australia
  32. "Archived copy". Archived frae the original on 19 Julie 2011. Retrieved 13 Julie 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  33. South Tyrol in figures. Provincial Statistics Institute.
  34. 378,947 (2010, 2.3% o Dutch population).
  35. German born anerlie; Born Abroad: An Immigration map of Britain: Germany, 2001
  36. 2008, 0.15% o UK population.
  37. "INE(2006)". INE. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  38. 265,944 (2009, 3.3% o Swiss population) Wohnbevölkerung nach detaillierter Staatsangehörigkeit, Swiss Federal Statistical Office. 163 923 resident aliens (nationals or citizens) in 2004 (2.2% of total population), compared to 112 348 as of 2000. 2005 report of the Swiss Federal Office of Statistics. 4.6 million including Alemannic Swiss: CIA World Fact Book Archived 2018-01-12 at the Wayback Machine, identifies the 65% (4.9 million) Swiss German speakers as "ethnic Germans".
  39. 2002 census
  40. (in Spaingie) / Inmigración Alemana al Perú Archived 2009-11-23 at the Wayback Machine
  41. "census 2001". Archived frae the original on 3 September 2005. Retrieved 13 Julie 2012.
  42. 2008, 1.5% o Austrian population. Wer sind die Deutschen in Österreich? Archived 2009-04-27 at the Wayback Machine
  43. "Money overcomes ideology as Israelis hunt down German passports| Yediot Ahronot | 31.05.2011". 20 Juin 1995. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  44. "German minority" (in (in German)). Archived frae the original on 18 Julie 2011. Retrieved 28 September 2011.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  45. "There are 6,000 Germans living in Uruguay today and 40,000 descendants of Germans" (in (in German)). Retrieved 28 September 2011.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  46. "Ethnic German Minorities in the Czech Republic, Poland and Slovakia". Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  47. Romero, Simon (21 December 2006). "Land reform worries Bolivia's Mennonites". International Herald Tribune. Archived frae the original on 21 December 2006. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  48. (in Dutch) "Bevolking per nationaliteit, geslacht, leeftijdsgroepen op 1 January 2008". Statistics Belgium. Archived frae the original on 20 November 2011. Retrieved 30 Mey 2010.
  49. "Norway". Archived frae the original on 1 Februar 2010. Retrieved 13 Julie 2012.
  50. Joshua Project. "Ethnic groups around the world". Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  51. "Amid Namibia's White Opulence, Majority Rule Isn't So Scary Now". New York Times. 26 December 1988. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  52. "Dominican Republic" (in (in German)). Retrieved 28 September 2011.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  53. in the German-Dens border region; see Bund Deutscher Nordschleswiger Archived 2013-03-16 at the Wayback Machine
  54. "Greeks Census 2001" (PDF). Archived frae the original (PDF) on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  55. "CSO: Statistics: Persons usually resident and present in the State on Census Night, classifieid by place of birth and age group". 13 Mey 2008. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  56. "Slovakia" (in (in German)). Retrieved 28 September 2011.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  57. 2000 census
  58. a b Joshua Project. "". Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  59. Out Of Many Cultures The People Who Came The Arrival Of The GERMANS "The Arrival Of The GERMANS" Check |url= value (help). Jamaica Gleaner. 2 Mairch 2004. Retrieved 31 Mey 2012.

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