Sooth Dakota (Listeni/ˌsθ dəˈktə/; locally [ˌsɑʊθ dəˈko̞ɾə]) is a state locatit in the Midwastren region o the Unitit States. It is namit efter the Lakota an Dakota Sioux Native American tribes. Sooth Dakota is the 17t maist extensive, but the 5t least populous an the 5t least densely populatit o the 50 Unitit States. Ance the soothren portion o the Dakota Territory, Sooth Dakota became a state on 2 November 1889, simultaneously wi North Dakota. Pierre is the state caipital an Sioux Falls, wi a population o aboot 165,000, is Sooth Dakota's lairgest ceety.

State o Sooth Dakota
Banner o Sooth Dakota State seal o Sooth Dakota
Flag Seal
Nickname(s): The Moont Rushmore State (official)
Motto(s): Under God the people rule
Cairt o the Unitit States wi Sooth Dakota heichlichtit
Offeecial leidEnglish[1]
DemonymSouth Dakotan
Lairgest ceetySioux Falls
Lairgest metroSioux Falls metropolitan aurie
AurieRanked 17t
 • Tot77,116[2] sq mi
(199,729 km2)
 • Width210 miles (340 km)
 • Lenth380 miles (610 km)
 • % watter1.7
 • Latitude42° 29′ N tae 45° 56′ N
 • Longitude96° 26′ W tae 104° 03′ W
PopulationRanked 46t
 • Tot865,454 (2016 est)[3]
 • Density11.06/sq mi  (4.27/km2)
Ranked 46t
 • Heichest pyntHarney Peak[4][5][6]
7,244 ft (2208 m)
 • Mean2,200 ft  (670 m)
 • Lawest pyntBig Stone Lake on Minnesota border[5][6]
968 ft (295 m)
Afore statehuidDakota Territory
Admission to Union2 November 1889 (40t)
GovrenorDennis Daugaard (R)
Lieutenant GovernorMatt Michels (R)
LegislaturSouth Dakota Legislatur
 • Upper hooseSenate
 • Lawer hooseHoose o Representatives
U.S. SenatorsJohn Thune (R)
Mike Rounds (R)
U.S. Hoose delegationKristi Noem (R) (leet)
Time zones 
 • eastren haufCentral: UTC -6/-5
 • wastren haufMoontain: UTC -7/-6


  1. "South Dakota Codified Laws (1–27–20)". South Dakota State Legislature. Retrieved January 19, 2016.
  2. "State Area Measurements (2010)". U.S. Census. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  3. "Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" (CSV). U.S. Census Bureau. December 26, 2015. Retrieved December 26, 2015.
  4. "Harney". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 24, 2011.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Retrieved January 19, 2016.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.

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