Idaho is a state in the northwastren region o the Unitit States. It mairches the state o Montana tae the east an northeast, Wyoming tae the east, Nevada an Utah tae the sooth, an Washington an Oregon tae the wast. Tae the north, it shares a smaw portion o the Canadian mairch wi the province o Breetish Columbie. Wi a population o approximately 1.7 million an an aurie o 83,569 square miles (216,440 km2), Idaho is the 14t largest, the 12t least populous an the 7t least densely populatit o the 50 U.S. states. The state's caipital an lairgest ceety is Boise.

State o Idaho
Banner o Idaho State seal o Idaho
Banner Seal
Nickname(s): Gem State
Motto(s): Esto perpetua (Laitin for Let it be perpetual)
Cairt o the Unitit States wi Idaho heichlichtit
Offeecial leidInglis
(an lairgest ceety)
Lairgest metroBoise metropolitan aurie
AurieRanked 14t
 • Tot83,797 sq mi
(216,900 km2)
 • Width305 miles (491 km)
 • Lenth479 miles (771 km)
 • % watter0.98
 • Latitude42° N tae 49° N
 • Longitude111°03′ W tae 117°15′ W
PopulationRanked 39t
 • Tot1,683,140 (2016 est)[1]
 • Density20.1/sq mi  (7.76/km2)
Ranked 44t
 • Median hoosehauld income$51,624 [2] (36t)
 • Heichest pyntBorah Peak[3][4][5]
12,662 ft (3,859 m)
 • Mean5,000 ft  (1,520 m)
 • Lawest pyntConfluence o Snake an Clearwater River; Lewiston[4][5]
713 ft (217 m)
Afore statehuidIdaho Territory
Admission to UnionJuly 3, 1890 (43rd)
GovrenorC. L. "Butch" Otter (R)
Lieutenant GovernorBrad Little (R)
LegislaturIdaho Legislatur
 • Upper hooseSenate
 • Lawer hooseHoose o Representatives
U.S. SenatorsMike Crapo (R)
Jim Risch (R)
U.S. Hoose delegation1Raúl Labrador (R)
2Mike Simpson (R) (leet)
Time zones 
 • north o Salmon RiverPaceefic: UTC −8/−7
 • remainder o stateMoontain: UTC −7/−6

Idaho prior tae European settlement wis inhabitit bi Native American fowks, some o whom still leeve in the aurie. In the early 19t century, Idaho wis conseedert pairt o the Oregon Kintra, an aurie disputit atween the U.S. an the Unitit Kinrick. It offeecially becam U.S. territory wi the signin o the Oregon Treaty o 1846, but a separate Idaho Territory wis nae organised till 1863, insteid bein includit for periods in Oregon Territory an Washington Territory. Idaho wis eventually admittit tae the Union on 3 Julie 1890, acomin the 43rd state.

Formin pairt o the Paceefic Northwast (an the associatit Cascadia bioregion), Idaho is dividit intae several distinct geografic an climatic regions. In the state's north, the relatively isolatit Idaho Panhandle is closely airtit wi Eastren Washington, wi that it shares the Paceefic Time Zone – the rest o the state uises the Muntain Time Zone. The state's sooth includes the Snake River Plain (that has maist o the population an agricultural laund), while the sooth-east incorporates pairt o the Great Basin. Idaho is quite muntainous, an conteens several stretches o the Rocky Muntains. The Unitit States Forest Service hauds aboot 38% o Idaho's laund, the maist o any state.

Industries signeeficant for the state economy include manufacturin, agricultur, minin, forestry, an tourism. A nummer o science an technology firms are aither heidquartert in Idaho or hae factories thare, an the state an aw conteens the Idaho Naitional Laboratory, that is the kintra's lairgest Depairtment o Energy facility. Idaho's agricultural sector supplees mony products, but the state is best kent for its tattie crap, that comprises aroond ane-third o the naitionwide yield. The offeecial state nickname is the "Gem State", that references Idaho's reputation for gemstanes an, mair braidly, its mony wilderness auries.


  1. "Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" (CSV). U.S. Census Bureau. December 26, 2015. Retrieved December 26, 2015.[deid airtin]
  2. "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
  3. "Beauty Reset". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived frae the oreeginal on October 15, 2011. Retrieved October 21, 2011. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  5. 5.0 5.1 Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.

Freemit airtinsEedit

State govrenment

Coordinates: 45°N 114°W / 45°N 114°W / 45; -114

Relatit informationEedit