Rio de Janeiro ("River o Januar", Inglis pronunciation: /ˈriːoʊ deɪ dʒəˈnɛəroʊ/; Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈʁiu dʒi ʒaˈnejɾu]), commonly referred tae simply as Rio, is the caipital ceety o the State o Rio de Janeiro, the seicont lairgest ceety o Brazil an the third lairgest metropolitan aurie an agglomeration in Sooth Americae, 6t lairgest in the Americaes.

Rio de Janeiro
Município do Rio de Janeiro
The Municipality o Rio de Janeiro
Frae the top, left tae richt: Christ the Redeemer, Rio–Niterói brig, Dountoun frae the Guanabara Bay, Maracanã Stadium, Sugarloaf cable caur, the pavement o Copacabana Beach, an panorama o the ceety taken frae Corcovado.
Frae the top, left tae richt: Christ the Redeemer, Rio–Niterói brig, Dountoun frae the Guanabara Bay, Maracanã Stadium, Sugarloaf cable caur, the pavement o Copacabana Beach, an panorama o the ceety taken frae Corcovado.
Banner o Rio de Janeiro
Banner
Offeecial seal o Rio de Janeiro
Seal
Eik-name(s): 
Cidade Maravilhosa ("The Marvelous Ceety") or simply Rio
Location in the State o Rio de Janeiro
Location in the State o Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro is locatit in Brazil
Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
Location in Brazil
Coordinates: 22°54′30″S 43°11′47″W / 22.90833°S 43.19639°W / -22.90833; -43.19639Coordinates: 22°54′30″S 43°11′47″W / 22.90833°S 43.19639°W / -22.90833; -43.19639
Kintra Brazil
RegionSootheast
StateBandeira do estado do Rio de Janeiro.svg Rio de Janeiro
Foondit1 Mairch 1565
Govrenment
 • TeepMayor-cooncil
 • BodiPrefeitura da Cidade do Rio de Janeiro
 • MayorEduardo Paes (PMDB)
Area
 • Municipality1,221 km2 (486.5 sq mi)
 • Metro
4,539.8 km2 (1,759.6 sq mi)
Elevation
frae 0 tae 1,021 m (frae 0 tae 3,349 ft)
Population
 (2015)[1]
 • Municipality6,453,682
 • Rank2nt
 • Urban
11,616,000
 • Metro
12,280,702 (2nt)
 • Metro density2,705.1/km2 (7,006/sq mi)
Demonym(s)carioca
Time zoneUTC-3 (BST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-2 (BDT)
Postal Code
20000-000
Aurie code(s)+55 21
WabsteidCeety o Rio de Janeiro

The ceety wis the caipital o Brazil for nearly twa centuries, frae 1763 tae 1815 durin the Portuguese colonial era, 1815 tae 1821 as the caipital o the United Kinrick o Portugal, Brazil an Algarves, an frae 1822 tae 1960 as an independent naition. Rio is nicknamed A Cidade Maravilhosa or "The Marvelous Ceety." It is considered a Beta- Warld Ceety.

Rio de Janeiro represents the seicont lairgest GDP in the kintra (an 30t lairgest in the warld), estimatit at aboot 140 billion reais (IBGE/2007), an is the headquarters o twa major Brazilian companies – Petrobras an Vale, an major ile companies an telephony in Brazil, besides the lairgest conglomerat o media an communications companies in Latin Americae, the Globo Organizations. Considered bi mony varsities an institutes, is the seicont lairgest centre o research an development in Brazil, accounting for 17% o naitional scienteefic production – accordin tae 2005 data.

Internaitional relationsEedit

Twin touns — Sister ceetiesEedit

Rio de Janeiro is twinned wi:

  Americas   Europe   Asie an Africae
  Mexico Ceety, Mexico   Istanbul, Turkey   Batangas Ceety, Philippines
  Managua, Nicaragua   Saunt Petersburg, Roushie   Kobe, Japan
  Caracas, Venezuela   Warsaw, Poland[2]   Tunis, Tunisie
  Puerto Varas, Chile   Santo Tirso an Vila Nova de Gaia, Portugal   Seoul, Sooth Korea
  La Paz, Bolivie   Barcelona an Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain   Amsterdam, Netherlands
  Miami, Unitit States   Montpellier, Fraunce   Tel Aviv, Israel
  Oklahoma Ceety, Unitit States   Liverpuil, Unitit Kinrick   Mumbai, Indie
  Newark, Unitit States   Paris, Fraunce   Durban, Sooth Africae
  Atlanta, Unitit States   Lisbon, Portugal   Beirut, Lebanon
  Vancouver, Canadae[3]   Madrid, Spain[4]   Casablanca, Morocco
  Buenos Aires, Argentinae   Kiev, Ukraine[5]   Lagos, Nigerie
  Belo Horizonte, Brazil[6]   Bucharest, Romanie[7]   Rufisque, Senegal[8]
  Natal, Brazil[9]   Guimarães, Portugal[10]   Beijing, Cheenae
  Yerevan, Armenie


ReferencesEedit

  1. "2013 population estimates. Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) (1 July 2013)" (PDF). Ibge.gov.br. Retrieved 22 July 2014.
  2. "Miasta partnerskie Warszawy". um.warszawa.pl. Biuro Promocji Miasta. 2005-05-04. Retrieved 2008-08-29.
  3. "Rio 2016". Rio 2016. Retrieved 2010-06-14.
  4. "Mapa Mundi de las ciudades hermanadas" (in (in Spaingie)). www.munimadrid.es. Retrieved 2010-06-14.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  5. "Lei Municipal do Rio de Janeiro 4917 de 2008 - Wikisource" (in (in Portuguese)). Pt.wikisource.org. Retrieved 2010-06-14.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  6. http://spl.camara.rj.gov.br/spldocs/pl/2006/pl0980_2006_008195.pdf
  7. "Lei Municipal do Rio de Janeiro 3467 de 2002 - Wikisource" (in (in Portuguese)). Pt.wikisource.org. Retrieved 2010-06-14.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  8. "Lei Municipal do Rio de Janeiro 3152 de 2000 - Wikisource" (in (in Portuguese)). Pt.wikisource.org. Retrieved 2010-06-14.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  9. Leis sancionadas e vetos (21 de janeiro de 2008). Lei n.º 4.752/2008. Câmara Municipal do Rio de Janeiro. Página visitada em 26 de outubro de 2008.
  10. Lei nº 2.643/1998. Câmara Municipal do Rio de Janeiro. Página visitada em 26 de dezembro de 2008.