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The 1st o December is the 335t day o the year (336t in lowp years) in the Gregorian Calendar, wi 30 days bidin.
- 1640 - Portugal regains its unthirldom frae Spain.
- 1821 - The first constitution o Costa Rica is issued.
- 1822 - Emperor Pedro I o Brazil is crouned.
- 1825 - Tsar Alexander I o Roushie dies.
- 1913 - The island o Crete is annexed bi Greece.
- 1918 - Iceland acomes a sovereign state in personal union wi the Dens Kinrick.
- 1918 - The Kinrick o Yugoslavie is proclaimed.
- 1918 - Transylvanie jyns wi Romanie.
- 1923 - The dam o the Gleno Reservoir naur Bergamo, Italy, bursts, killin ower 600 fowk.
- 1953 - Hugh Hefner publishes the first edeetion o Playboy magazine.
- 1955 - American Ceevil Richts: Rosa Parks refuses tae give up her seat for a white man, an is arrestit, in Montgomery, Alabama.
- 1958 - The Central African Republic is creatit.
- 1961 - The Republic o Wast Papua is declarit in Wastren New Guinea.
- 1963 - Nagaland acomes the 16t state o Indie.
- 1964 - Maltae, Malawi an Zambie jyn the Unitit Naitions.
- 1966 - Kurt Georg Kiesinger replaces Ludwig Erhard as Chancellor o Wast Germany.
- 1976 - Angolae jyns the Unitit Naitions.
- 1988 - Benazir Bhutto acomes Prime meenister o Pakistan.
- 1990 - Sections o the Chainel Tunnel biggit frae Ingland an Fraunce meet.
- 1991 - Maist voters in Ukraine choose unthirldom frae the Soviet Union in a referendum.
- 2000 - Vicente Fox acomes the first Preses o Mexico frae ootside the Institutional Revolutionar Pairty.
- 2009 - The European Union's Lisbon Treaty enters intae force.
- 2016 - Vajiralongkorn acomes Keeng o Thailand.
- 2017 - Japanese Emperor Akihito's abdication date is set for 30 Aprile 2019.
- 2017 - The groups are drawn for the 2018 FIFA Warld Cup.
- 2018 - Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador acomes Preses o Mexico.
- 1081 - Louis VI o Fraunce (d. 1137)
- 1083 - Anna Komnene, Byzantine princess an intellectual (d. 1153)
- 1761 - Marie Tussaud, French waxworks creator (d. 1850)
- 1792 - Nikolai Lobachevsky, Roushie mathemateecian (d. 1856)
- 1844 - Alexandra o Denmark, Queen Consort o the Unitit Kinrick (d. 1925)
- 1886 - Rex Stout, American writer (d. 1975)
- 1895 - Henry Williamson, Inglis writer (d. 1977)
- 1896 - Georgy Zhukov, Marshal o the Soviet Union (d. 1974)
- 1925 - Martin Rodbell, American scientist (d. 1998)
- 1928 - Malachi Throne, American actor (d. 2013)
- 1929 - Alfred Moisiu, umwhile Preses o Albanie
- 1935 - Woody Allen, American actor an director
- 1937 - Vaira Vike-Freiberga, umwhile Preses o Latvie
- 1940 - Richard Pryor, American actor an comedian (d. 2005)
- 1945 - Bette Midler, American actress an sangster
- 1949 - Pablo Escobar, Colombie droglaird (d. 1993)
- 1949 - Sebastian Pinera, Preses o Chile
- 1956 - Billy Stark, Scots fitbawer an coach
- 1964 - Salvatore Schillaci, Italian fitbawer
- 1970 - Sarah Silverman, American actress an comedienne
- 1974 - Simon Donnelly, Scots fitbawer an coach
- 1988 - Tyler Joseph, American sangster (Twenty One Pilots)
- 1989 - Barry Bannan, Scots fitbawer
- 1135 - Henry I o Ingland (b. 1068)
- 1521 - Pape Leo X (b. 1475)
- 1825 - Alexander I o Roushie (b. 1777)
- 1830 - Pape Pius VIII (b. 1761)
- 1866 - George Everest, Welsh surveyor (b. 1790)
- 1934 - Sergey Kirov, Soviet-Roushie politeecian (b. 1886)
- 1964 - J. B. S. Haldane, Scots-born geneticist (b. 1892)
- 1973 - David Ben-Gurion, 1st Prime meenister o Israel (b. 1886)
- 1987 - James Baldwin, American writer (b. 1924)
- 2014 - Sita Murt, Catalan fashion designer an businesswoman (b. 1946)
- Warld AIDS Day
- Naitional Day o Romanie
- Self-governance Day (Iceland)
- Teachers' Day (Panama)
- Freedom an Democracy Day (Chad)
- Restoration o Unthirldom Day (Portugal)
- First Day o Simmer (Australie)
- Militar Abolition Day (Costa Rica)
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