Rhineland-Palatinate is one of the 16 states o the Federal Republic o Germany. It has an area of 19,846 square kilometres (7,663 sq mi) an about fower million inhabitants. The capital is Mainz. Inglis spoken commonly and refer that the state by its German name, Rheinland-Pfalz.
The state o Rhineland-Palatinate was established on 30 August 1946. It was formed from the nortern part o the French Occupation Zone, which included parts of Bavarie (the Rhenish Palatinate), the southern parts of the Proushie Rhine Province (including the Destrict of Birkenfeld which once belonged to Oldenburg), parts of the Proushie Province o Nassau (see Hesse-Nassau), and parts of the Hesse-Darmstadt (Rhinehessen on the western banks o the Rhine); the constitution was legally confirmed bi referendum on 18 Mey 1947.
The largest river in the state is the Rhine, which forms the border wi Baden-Württemberg an Hesse in the southeast flowing through the northern part of Rhineland-Palatinate. The Rhine Valley is surrounded by mountain chains and forms a fascinating landscape containing some o the most historically significant places in Germany.
The Eifel and Hunsrück mountain chains are found on the wast bank o the Rhine in northern Rhineland-Palatinate, while the Westerwald an Taunus muntains are found on the east bank. The hilly lands in the southern-most region o the state are covered bi the Palatinate forest an the Palatinate.
The modern state consists of a conglomeration o the historic regions of the southern Rheinland Province, Rheinhessen an the Palatinate.
See an aa Leet o places in Rhineland-Palatinate.
Syne 2000, the employees an assets of the umwhile admeenistrative regions have been organized into the Aufsichts- un Dienstleistungsdirektion Trier (Supervisory an Service Directorate Trier) an the Struktur- un Genehmigungsdirektionen (Structural an Appruival Directorates) Nord in Koblenz an Süd in Neustadt (Weinstraße). These administrations execute their authority over the whole state, i.e., the ADD Trier oversees aw schuils.
Map o the destricts o Rhineland-Palatinate:
Ivery destrict is composed o numerous municipalities, which can consist o ceeties, veelages, or groups o veelages kent as Verbandsgemeinden. There are an aa twal urban destricts that are identifee'd on the map wi letters:
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