The Rhine is an important an unco lang river in Europe. The river itsel is aboot 1,232 km (766 mi) lang, wi a common watter dischairge o mair nor 2,000 m³/s (71,000 cu ft/s). It flowes frae Swisserland til the ceety o Rotterdam in the Netherlands, tuimin in the German Ocean.

Map o the Rhine basin
Native nameRhenus, Rein, Rhein, le Rhin,[1] Rijn
Main sourceRein Anteriur/Vorderrhein
Tomasee (Romansh: Lai da Tuma), Surselva, Graubünden, Swisserland
2,345 m (7,694 ft)
46°37′57″N 8°40′20″E / 46.63250°N 8.67222°E / 46.63250; 8.67222
2nt sourceRein Posteriur/Hinterrhein
Paradies Glacier, Graubünden, Swisserland
River moothNorth Sea
0 m (0 ft)
51°58′54″N 4°4′50″E / 51.98167°N 4.08056°E / 51.98167; 4.08056Coordinates: 51°58′54″N 4°4′50″E / 51.98167°N 4.08056°E / 51.98167; 4.08056
Basin size185,000 km2 (71,000 sq mi)
Pheesical chairacteristics
Lenth1,230 km (760 mi), [note 1]
  • Minimum rate:
    800 m3/s (28,000 cu ft/s)
  • Average rate:
    2,900 m3/s (100,000 cu ft/s)
  • Maximum rate:
    13,000 m3/s (460,000 cu ft/s)

It is been ane o the heidmaist rivers for the Germanic fowk, e'en makin the mairch atween the Roman Empire an Germania. Mony castles lie alang its banks.


  1. The Rhine anerly haes an offeecial lenth scale (Rheinkilometer) dounstream o Constance. Its full lenth is subject tae the defineetion o the Alpine Rhine. In 2010, thare war media reports tae the effect that the lenth o the Rhine haed lang been unner-reportit in 20t-century encyclopaedias, an upon request bi jurnalists, Dutch Rijkswaterstaat citit a lenth o 1,232 km."Der Rhein ist kürzer als gedacht – Jahrhundert-Irrtum". Retrieved 27 Mairch 2010.."Rhine River 90km shorter than everyone thinks". The Local – Germany's news in English. 27 Mairch 2010. Archived frae the original on 30 Mey 2012. Retrieved 9 Apryle 2010. "'We checked it out and came to 1,232 kilometres,' said Ankie Pannekoek, spokeswoman for the Dutch government hydrology office." As o 2018, the popular press still reports a shorter lenth o 745 miles (~1,200 kilometres).Sheppard, David; Chazan, Guy (2 November 2018). "Where did the Rhine go? Drought-hit cargo river sparks economic fears". OZY. Archived frae the original on 16 Julie 2019. Retrieved 2 November 2018.


  1. "Le Rhin" (official site) (in French). Paris, France: L'Institut National de l'Information Geographique et Forestrière IGN. Archived frae the original on 6 Mairch 2016. Retrieved 6 Mairch 2016.
  2. Frijters and Leentvaar (2003)