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The 12t o Julie is the 193rd day o the year (194t in lowp years) in the Gregorian Calendar, wi 172 days ti come.
- 1543 - Henry VIII o Ingland marries Catherine Parr.
- 1561 - Saunt Basil's Cathedral in Moscow is completit.
- 1636 - 35 Icelanders are taken bi Barbary pirates.
- 1690 - Battle o the Boyne: The Protestant King William III o England defeats the Catholic James VII, Keeng o Scots in eastren Ireland.
- 1776 - James Cook stairts his third voyage.
- 1917 - Warld War I: German forces use mustard gas for the first time.
- 1920 - Soviet Roushie recognises the unthirldom o Lithuanie.
- 1932 - Lambeth Brig in Lunnon opens.
- 1961 - Heavy rain causes twa reservoirs in Maharashtra, Indie, tae break. 1,000 tae 2,000 fowk are kilt in the ceety o Pune as a result.
- 1970 - Thor Heyerdahl's raft Ra II arrives in Barbados, haein crossit the Atlantic Ocean frae Morocco.
- 1971 - The Australie Aboriginal Banner flies for the first time.
- 1974 - Scots manager Bill Shankly propales his retirement frae Liverpool F.C..
- 1975 - Sao Tome an Principe is granted unthirldom by Portugal.
- 1979 - Unthirldom o Kiribati.
- 1998 - Host naition Fraunce wins the FIFA Warld Cup, defeatin Brazil 3-0 in the feenal.
- 2006 - War erupts atween Israel an Lebanon.
- 2012 - A tank truck splosion in Okogie, Nigerie, kills ower 100 fowk.
- 2016 - A train crash in sooth-eastren Italy kills at least 27 fowk.
- 2017 - A massive iceberg, at size 5,800 square kilometres (2,200 square miles), breaks away frae the Larsen C ice shelf in Antarcticae.
- 2017 - Maltae's pairlament votes for the legalisation o Same-sex marriage.
- 2019 - Gunmen storm the Asasey hottle in Kismayo, Somalie, killin 26 fowk.
- 2020 - Conservative incumbent Preses o Poland Andrzej Duda very nairraely wins re-election agin Mayor o Warsaw Rafal Trzaskowski.
- 100 BC - Julius Caesar, Roman general an statesman (d. 44 BC)
- 1784 - John Brown, Scots meenister an theologian (d. 1858)
- 1817 - Henry David Thoreau, American writer an filosofer (d. 1862)
- 1856 - Airchduchess Gisella o Austrick (d. 1932)
- 1864 - George Washington Carver, American botanist an inventor (d. 1943)
- 1870 - Louis II, Prince o Monaco (d. 1949)
- 1884 - Amedeo Modigliani, Italian penter an sculptor (d. 1920)
- 1895 - Buckminster Fuller, American airchitect, designer an inventor (d. 1983)
- 1904 - Pablo Neruda, Chilean poet (d. 1973)
- 1913 - Willis Lamb, American pheesicist (d. 2008)
- 1927 - Charlie Fleming, Scots fitbawer (d. 1997)
- 1928 - Elias James Corey, American organic chemist
- 1937 - Bill Cosby, American enterteener
- 1937 - Lionel Jospin, umwhile Prime meenister o Fraunce
- 1947 - Gareth Edwards, Welsh rugby player
- 1947 - Wilko Johnson, Inglis muisicker
- 1948 - Richard Simmons, American actor, comedian, producer an fitness personality
- 1952 - Irina Bokova, Bulgarie politeecian
- 1959 - Tupou VI, King o Tonga
- 1969 - Jesse Pintado, Mexican-American guitarist (d. 2006)
- 1976 - Anna Friel, Inglis actress
- 1978 - Michelle Rodriguez, American actress
- 1985 - Emil Hegle Svendsen, Norse biathlete
- 1991 - James Rodríguez, Colombie fitbawer
- 1992 - Ross Laidlaw, Scots fitbawer
- 1995 - Luke Shaw, Inglis fitbawer
- 1997 - Malala Yousafzai, Pakistani activist
- 1536 - Erasmus o Rotterdam, Dutch filosofer (b. 1466)
- 1804 - Alexander Hamilton, American politeecian (b. 1757)
- 1834 - David Douglas, Scots botanist (b. 1799)
- 1838 - John Jamieson, Scots meenister (b. 1759)
- 1850 - Robert Stevenson, Scots ceevil ingineer (b. 1772)
- 1855 - Pavel Nakhimov, Roushie admiral (b. 1802)
- 1907 - David Farquharson, Scots penter (b. 1839)
- 1935 - Alfred Dreyfus, French militar officer (b. 1859)
- 1949 - Douglas Hyde, 1st Preses o Ireland (b. 1860)
- 2013 - Pran, Indian actor (b. 1920)
- Battle o the Boyne Haliday, kent an aa as Orange Day (Northren Ireland)
- Independence Day (Kiribati, Sao Tome an Principe)
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